#10 ENGAGE Initiative: Showcasing Osteopathic Scholarly Activity
Robert Orenstein, DO. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, May 2016, Vol. 116, 276-277. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2016.054.
#9 Conversion of Sugar to Fat: Is Hepatic de Novo Lipogenesis Leading to Metabolic Syndromeand Associated Chronic Diseases?
Jean-Marc Schwarz, PhD; Michael Clearfield, DO; Kathleen Mulligan, PhD. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, August 2017, Vol. 117, 520-527. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2017.102.
The pathway linking metabolic diseases to sugar consumption is hypothesized to be the ability of the liver to make fat from sugar—fructose, in particular.
#8 Emergency Health Care Professionals’ Understanding of the Costs of Care in the Emergency Department
Kevin A. Hoffman, DO; Michelino Mancini, DO. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, June 2017, Vol. 117, 359-364. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2017.073.
Fiscal responsibility is increasingly monitored, especially in emergency care. However, emergency health care professionals may not know the costs of care for common presentations.
#7 Role of Magnesium in Vitamin D Activation and Function
Anne Marie Uwitonze, BDT, MS; Mohammed S. Razzaque, MBBS, PhD. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, March 2018, Vol. 118, 181-189. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2018.037.
Intestinal absorption and metabolism of one nutrient may be dependent on the availability of other nutrients. Deficiency in either magnesium or vitamin D is reported to be associated with various disorders.
#6 Are Low-Carbohydrate Diets Safe and Effective?
Heather Fields, MD; Barbara Ruddy, MD; Mark R. Wallace, MD; Amit Shah, MD; Denise Millstine, MD. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, December 2016, Vol. 116, 788-793. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2016.154.
Fields and colleagues looked at the effects of low-carbohydrate diets on weight loss, blood pressure, glucose levels, and lipid levels in this review of the literature.
#5 First-Time Sports-Related Concussion Recovery: The Role of Sex, Age, and Sport
John M. Neidecker, DO, ATC; David B. Gealt, DO; John R. Luksch, DO; Martin D. Weaver, MD. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, October 2017, Vol. 117, 635-642. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2017.120.
Concussion is common in athletes, but what variables influence time to recovery? Children and adolescent athletes’ recovery times were analyzed in this retrospective medical record review.
#4 Effects of Cannabis Use on Sedation Requirements for Endoscopic Procedures
Mark A. Twardowski, DO; Margaret M. Link, MSN, RN, CRNI; Nicole M. Twardowski, BS. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, May 2019, Vol. 119, 307-311. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2019.052.
Physicians are treating more patients who regularly use cannabis; however, little is known about how cannabis affects medical care. Researchers investigated the sedative doses required by regular cannabis users vs nonusers.
#3 Effects of Group Fitness Classes on Stress and Quality of Life of Medical Students
Dayna M. Yorks, DO; Christopher A. Frothingham, DO; Mark D. Schuenke, PhD. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, November 2017, Vol. 117, e17-e25. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2017.140.
Stress can adversely affect wellbeing, and physical activity may be one way to improve this state. In this pilot study of medical students, exercising in a group was compared with exercising alone in outcome measures of stress and quality of life.
#2 Vitamin D Deficiency, Its Role in Health and Disease, and Current Supplementation Recommendations
Kim M. Pfotenhauer, DO; Jay H. Shubrook, DO. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, May 2017, Vol. 117, 301-305. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2017.055.
Inadequate sun exposure and chronic disease continue to cause vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency, conditions that affect almost 1 billion people worldwide.
#1 Validation of a Functional Pyelocalyceal Renal Model for the Evaluation of Renal Calculi Passage While Riding a Roller Coaster
Marc A. Mitchell, DO; David D. Wartinger, DO, JD. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, October 2016, Vol. 116, 647-652. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2016.128.
The dislodging of renal calculi, or kidney stones, may be facilitated by activities such as riding a roller coaster, as the study by Wartinger and Mitchell sought to demonstrate. The authors used a functional pyelocalyceal renal model with actual renal calculi suspended in urine.