Musculoskeletal Medicine and Pain  |   October 2020
The Role of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Chronic Disease: A Narrative Review
Author Notes
  • From the College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific at Western University of Health Sciences in Pomona, California. 
  • Disclaimer: Dr. Seffinger, a JAOA Associate Editor, was not involved in the editorial review or decision to publish this article. 
  • Financial Disclosures: None reported. 
  • Support: None reported. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Michael Seffinger, DO, College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific at Western University of Health Sciences, 309 E 2nd St, Pomona, CA, 91766-1854. Email: mseffinger@westernu.edu
     
Article Information
Hypertension/Kidney Disease / Neuromusculoskeletal Disorders / Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment
Musculoskeletal Medicine and Pain   |   October 2020
The Role of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Chronic Disease: A Narrative Review
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, October 2020, Vol. 120, 665-670. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2020.134
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, October 2020, Vol. 120, 665-670. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2020.134
Abstract

Chronic diseases and musculoskeletal conditions are responsible for a significant portion of the global disease burden and are frequently comorbid, such as with low back pain in patients who also have chronic organ disease. Low back pain is the leading cause of long-term disability and is the most common reason adults seek adjunctive treatment, including osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT). OMT has been shown to be effective in relieving low back pain and improving back-specific functioning. In this narrative review, the authors summarize literature published in the last decade and analyze the relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and systemic medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus; they also discuss the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of OMT in managing somatic dysfunction in patients with chronic diseases.

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