JAOA/AACOM Medical Education  |   April 2020
Academic Advising Using Theoretical Approaches for Medical Students Who Are Struggling in Preclinical Years
Author Notes
  • From the Dr. Kiran C. Patel College of Osteopathic Medicine at Nova Southeastern University in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. 
  • Financial disclosures: None reported. 
  • Support: None reported. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Sweta Tewary, PhD, MSW, MMIS, Department of Medical Education, Dr. Kiran C. Patel College of Osteopathic Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, 3234 S University Dr, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 33325-2000. Email: st813@nova.edu
     
Article Information
Medical Education
JAOA/AACOM Medical Education   |   April 2020
Academic Advising Using Theoretical Approaches for Medical Students Who Are Struggling in Preclinical Years
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2020, Vol. 120, 228-235. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2020.039
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2020, Vol. 120, 228-235. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2020.039
Abstract

Theoretical approaches provide a foundation for helping students in academic settings. The application of learning theories in medical education is also well documented. However, very few studies have applied a theoretical framework to academic advising for struggling students in the preclinical years of their medical education. This article summarizes key learning theories and their application to commonly found problems among first- and second-year medical students. The authors review current advising processes based on widely used theories in medical education and cite examples from their practices about how these theories can be used in effective academic advising. They also discuss the importance of using a holistic approach while helping students overcome academic barriers during their time in medical school.

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