Original Contribution  |   December 2019
Who Uses Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment? A Prospective, Observational Study Conducted by DO-Touch.NET
Author Notes
  • From the A.T. Still Research Institute (Ms Johnson and Dr Degenhardt) and the Department of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine at the A.T. Still University Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine (Dr Degenhardt) in Missouri.  
  • Financial Disclosures: None reported.  
  • Support: The current study was funded by a grant from the American Osteopathic Association (grant No. 11-04-634).  
  •  *Address correspondence to Jane C. Johnson, MA, A.T. Still Research Institute, A.T. Still University, 800 W Jefferson St, Kirksville, MO, 63501-1443. Email: jjohnson@atsu.edu
     
Article Information
Neuromusculoskeletal Disorders / Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment / Pain Management/Palliative Care
Original Contribution   |   December 2019
Who Uses Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment? A Prospective, Observational Study Conducted by DO-Touch.NET
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, December 2019, Vol. 119, 802-812. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2019.133
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, December 2019, Vol. 119, 802-812. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2019.133
Abstract

Context: Information about the characteristics of patients who use osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is limited.

Objective: To determine the scope of conditions being managed with OMT and describe the characteristics of patients who receive OMT.

Methods: Researchers conducted a longitudinal, observational study on the use and effectiveness of OMT at 17 clinics where clinicians (ie, osteopathic and allopathic physicians and Canadian-trained osteopaths) provided OMT. Adult patients receiving OMT completed questionnaires immediately before, immediately after, and daily for 7 days after treatment. Data collected from patients included demographic information, chief complaint(s) and their severity, and health-related quality of life. Physical examination findings, treatment, and medical diagnosis documentation were extracted from medical records. Census data were used to assess whether patients were representative of the population of the county where the clinic was located.

Results: Data were collected from 927 patients at 1924 office visits. A majority of patients were women (690 [75%]), white (854 [96%]), and not Hispanic or Latinx (707 [95%]). The mean (SD) age was 51.9 (15.9) years. When compared with census data, the sample had higher percentages of women, people aged 65 years and older, people who identified as white, people who were high school and college graduates, and people with higher household incomes than that of the county population. The most common chief complaints from patients were pain or discomfort in the lower back (311 [34%]) and neck (277 [30%]), which corresponded with the most common medical diagnoses. Patients reported that OMT, surgery, and medications were the most helpful treatments they had used previously for their chief complaint(s). Before receiving OMT, patients’ health-related quality of life was significantly worse (P≤.05) than that of the general US population.

Conclusions: Adult patients receiving OMT are being treated primarily for musculoskeletal pain conditions, are not representative of the population of the county where the clinic was located, and have worse health-related quality of life than that of the general population. Information about the characteristics of patients who use OMT is important for defining osteopathic distinctiveness and identifying potential areas for increasing the use of OMT. (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT02395965)

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