Special Communication  |   October 2019
Depth of Clinical Pharmacology in Undergraduate Medical Education
Author Notes
  • Financial Disclosures: None reported. 
  • Support: None reported. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Frederick J. Goldstein, PhD, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, 4170 City Ave, Philadelphia, PA, 19131-1610. Email: fredg@pcom.edu
     
Article Information
Medical Education
Special Communication   |   October 2019
Depth of Clinical Pharmacology in Undergraduate Medical Education
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, October 2019, Vol. 119, 696-698. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2019.104
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, October 2019, Vol. 119, 696-698. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2019.104
Where were you on February 5, 1968? Some osteopathic physicians were not yet born, and others were in early education or osteopathic medical school. On that day, I was awarded my doctorate in pharmacology and began my career as a full-time professional in health care. 
After earning my doctorate, I began teaching courses on the principles of clinical pharmacology as well as on the majority of neuropharmacologic agents at the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At that time, there was a relatively limited quantity of such agents. 
However, over my 5 decades in this professional endeavor (of which the past 26 years have been as professor of clinical pharmacology at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine [PCOM]), there has been an explosion in the number of available pharmacologic agents. According to Kinch et al,1 there were about 400 FDA-approved new molecular entities in 1968 compared with 1400 in 2013— approximately a 350% increase (Figure). Although some of these entities have been recalled, the vast majority remain available for prescribing. 

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