Larrimore C, Ramnot A, Jaghab A, Sarduy S, Guerrero G, Troccoli P, Hilton K, Bested A. Understanding Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and the Emerging Osteopathic Approach: A Narrative Review. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2019;119(7):446–455. doi: https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2019.081.
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Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a debilitating syndrome of unknown origin, characterized by profound postexertional malaise and fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, cognitive impairments, immune dysfunction, pain, autonomic dysfunction, and neuroendocrine symptoms. Although ME/CFS is well documented within the medical literature, it remains difficult to diagnosis and manage. Some of the current challenges include an absence of diagnostic markers, differing diagnostic criteria, and an overall lack of awareness within the medical community. As a result, patients are often frustrated by the difficulties in acquiring a diagnosis and from the overall lack of available treatments. In an effort to increase awareness, this review discusses disease pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and treatment options, while also highlighting the benefits of an osteopathic approach.
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