Review  |   January 2019
Nonpharmacologic Management of Symptoms in Females With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Narrative Review
Author Notes
  • Financial Disclosures: None reported. 
  • Support: None reported. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Diana L. Speelman, PhD, Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, 2000 W Grandview Blvd, Erie, PA 16509-1029. Email: dspeelman@lecom.edu
     
Article Information
Endocrinology / Obstetrics and Gynecology
Review   |   January 2019
Nonpharmacologic Management of Symptoms in Females With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Narrative Review
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, January 2019, Vol. 119, 25-39. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2019.006
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, January 2019, Vol. 119, 25-39. doi:https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2019.006
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1
Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common hormone disorder in females of reproductive age, affecting reproductive, metabolic, and cardiovascular health. With an unknown cause and a spectrum of common signs and symptoms, diagnosis is based on consensus criteria, and treatment options often target individual symptoms, with variable effectiveness. Safe, effective complementary and alternative therapies can be used to manage symptoms. The first-line intervention is lifestyle modification, including weight loss when appropriate, with caloric restriction and exercise to maintain a healthy weight. Low-carbohydrate and/or low-glycemic index diets can provide additional benefits, and nutritional supplements may be useful adjuncts. The recommended physical activity regimen should include both aerobic and resistance exercise.

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