Seals RA. Moving Toward Milestone-Based Assessment in Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2018;118(12):806–811. doi: https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2018.173.
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Osteopathic medicine is continuing to move toward competency-based education at undergraduate and graduate levels. Competencies and Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) have been implemented to guide educators on the skills and abilities that osteopathic medical students and residents should be able to perform as physicians. Unfortunately, many of these skills have not been well described, and the threshold of “competence” or “entrustability” for each of these tasks remains elusive. The author presents an approach to measuring competence in the domain of osteopathic manipulative medicine using a milestone rubric to assess skills related to osteopathic screening, diagnosis, technique, and explanation. This rubric can be applied to all levels of osteopathic training and across many diagnostic and treatment modalities. Clearly defining and assessing the individual skills composing competence in osteopathic manipulative medicine will be increasingly important as medical education continues to evolve and modernize.
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