Stoner AM, Cannon M, Shan L, Plewa D, Caudell C, Johnson L. The Other 45: Improving Patients' Chronic Disease Self-Management and Medical Students’ Communication Skills. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2018;118(11):703–712. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.2018.155.
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To improve chronic disease self-management among an underserved population and to improve the skills of second-year osteopathic medical students, an educational curriculum, The Other 45, was developed. In addition to a typical 15-minute office visit, this program allows second-year students to provide chronic disease education to patients for 45 minutes in an effort to improve patient disease self-management and associated health outcomes.
To determine whether patients who participate in The Other 45 report improvements in their ability to manage their chronic disease(s) and their health outcomes and whether second-year osteopathic medical students report changes in patient-centered care, clinical confidence, and medical/teaching knowledge.
Patients with a previously diagnosed chronic disease participated in 3 visits for The Other 45. Chronic disease self-management and health outcomes were measured using the Health Education Impact Questionnaire, which participants completed at each visit. Students received a formal presentation on teaching skills, and those who participated in The Other 45 completed a pre- and postclinic survey measuring 3 focused domains: patient-centered care, clinical confidence, and medical/teaching knowledge.
A total of 47 patients and 69 students participated in the study. As measured by the Health Education Impact Questionnaire, patients’ skill and technique acquisition (P=.01), constructive attitudes and approaches (P=.01), and health services navigation (P=.03) showed significant improvement at the 3-week follow-up visit, and self-monitoring and insight showed significant improvement (P=.01) at the 3-month follow-up visit. Patients’ positive and active engagement in life (P=.04 and P=.03) and emotional well-being (P=.003 and P=.0007) significantly improved at the 3-week and 3-month follow-up, respectively. The students improved significantly in all 3 domains as a result of participating in the program: patient-centered care (P=.012), clinical confidence (P<.001), and medical/teaching knowledge (P=.002).
The Other 45 was effective in improving patients’ ability to manage their chronic disease(s), as well as improving second-year osteopathic medical students’ ability to educate a patient with chronic disease. Implementing this type of program has the potential to affect patients with chronic disease as well as medical students in a rural underserved setting.
Abbreviation: FQHC, Federally Qualified Health Center.
Abbreviation: HeiQ, Health Education Impact Questionnaire.
a No statistical test was performed because of the small sample size.
b Wilcoxon signed rank test for comparison of the means.
Abbreviation: CCQ, Clinical COPD [chronic obstructive pulmonary disease] Questionnaire; NA, not applicable.
a Mean scores for each domain were compared using the paired t test. Individual items within each domain were compared using the sign test.
Abbreviations: COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; DM, diabetes mellitus.
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