McMurray M, Armstrong M, Paulson J. Addressing the Increased Incidence of Common Sexually Transmitted Infections. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2018;118(8):e51–e55. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.2018.125.
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Common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the United States include genital herpes, HIV, and human papilloma virus. In 2017, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a report detailing a surge in chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis infections in the United States. The authors summarize current trends and discuss epidemiologic factors, disease burden, and patient care. It is important to be aware of the recent increases in these 3 STIs and to be prepared to screen for, diagnose, and manage these infections and their complications.
a Observed therapy recommended.
b Dose, length of treatment, and formulation used depends on the stage and manifestations of the patient's disease.
Abbreviations: CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; CIA, chemiluminescence immunoassay; EIA, enzyme immunoassay; FTA-ABS, fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption; IM, intramuscular; NAAT, nucleic acid amplification test; RPR, rapid plasma reagin; TP-PA, Treponema pallidum particle agglutination.
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