Graver CJ. Functional Somatic Syndrome: Assessment and Management. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2017;117(8):511–519. doi: https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2017.101.
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Functional somatic syndrome (FSS) occurs in as many as 30% of patients in general medical practice, but it is infrequently a topic of formal instruction. Many physicians feel uncomfortable with medically unexplained symptoms and are unfamiliar with how to assess or manage them. Traditional medical approaches can be ineffective and can contribute to iatrogenic or adverse physiologic effects in patients. Physicians treating patients with FSS should not only consider standard medical tests, but they should also try to gain a deeper behavioral understanding of the mind-body connections that underlie the presenting symptoms. Osteopathic physicians, with their emphasis on holistic patient care, are in a key position to treat patients with FSS. This review provides a brief recapitulation of the literature and illustrates key factors in the assessment and management of FSS.
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