Heineman KL, Lewis DD, Finnerty EP, Crout SV, Canby C. Effect of a Mandatory Third-Year Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Course on Student Attitudes. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2016;116(4):207–213. doi: https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2016.045.
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Context: Despite interest by osteopathic medical students in learning and incorporating osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) techniques into their future practices, most students indicate that OMT is rarely or never taught during many clinical rotations.
Objective: To determine whether a mandatory OMT course taken during the third year of medical school would influence students’ exposure to OMT, confidence in OMT, intent to continue developing OMT skills, and plan to provide OMT as practicing physicians.
Methods: A mandatory pilot OMT course was implemented in the 2014 third-year curriculum. A survey was then developed to assess students’ attitudes toward OMT. Surveys were administered to students whose third year was in 2013 and thus had not taken the course (group 1) and to students who had taken the course in 2014 (group 2).
Results: Of the 223 students in group 1, 143 (64%) responded. Of the 213 students in group 2, 112 (53%) responded. Students in group 2 reported greater exposure to OMT compared with students in group 1, higher confidence levels in practicing OMT (61 [54%] vs 71 [50%]), greater intent to continue developing OMT skills, and plan to provide OMT as practicing physicians (91 [81%] vs 94 [66%]).
Conclusion: A pilot course in OMT increased students’ levels of confidence in and intent to provide OMT in their future practices.
This Medical Education theme issue introduces a new collaboration between the JAOA and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) to recruit, peer review, edit, and distribute articles through the JAOA on osteopathic medical education research and other scholarly issues related to medical education.
a Assignments were taken from Somatic Dysfunction in Osteopathic Family Medicine.10
Abbreviations: OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine; OMT, osteopathic manipulative treatment.
a Two additional questions appeared in the survey, as follows: “OMT was observed on what percentage of your rotations?” and “On what percentage of your rotations were you asked to provide OMM/OMT?” Answer choices were >75%, >50%, >30%, >10%, and 0%. Students in the class of 2014 (group 1) did not take the OMT course, and those in the class of 2015 (group 2) did take the OMT course.
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