Trayer J, Fidler D. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome related to use of clozapine. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1998;98(3):168. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.1918.104.22.168.
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A 19-year-old man presented to a community hospital with a sudden change in level of consciousness, fever, and muscle rigidity. The patient had a history of schizophrenia and was being treated with clozapine. Despite a high index of suspicion for neuroleptic malignant syndrome, definitive care was delayed for more than 24 hours after the patient was transferred to a tertiary care center. This case illustrates the importance of primary care physicians being able to recognize and diagnose this syndrome, particularly as the use of atypical antipsychotic agents increases.
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