Duffy T, Kruse R, Massood S, Wong J. Fortuitous diagnosis of iliac osteomyelitis: septic arthritis of the hip in the neonate. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1998;98(12):689. doi: https://doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.19126.96.36.1999.
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The neonate is unable to relate specific complaints of pain and may not exhibit the usual signs of illness or infection. Septic arthritis of the hip is a surgical emergency in the neonate, and it should be considered in any irritable or ill child who has a high index of suspicion. Prompt diagnosis and immediate treatment are necessary. Nearly all babies undergo routine examination of the hip for dysplasia. It is recognized that limitation of abduction of the hip in the neonate may not represent developmental dysplasia of the hip but may represent other etiologies, such as fracture, infection, congenital anomaly, or tumor. The following case report illustrates the importance of careful clinical evaluation of an apparent asymptomatic neonate.
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