Dachman AF, Margolis H, Aboulafia E. Does Sjogren's syndrome predispose surgical patients to acquired hemophilia? . J Am Osteopath Assoc 1995;95(2):115. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.19188.8.131.52.
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The authors report the first American case of a factor VIII inhibitor found in a patient with Sjogren's syndrome. The inhibitor was isolated from a patient with no known hematologic disorder who was seen with a compartment syndrome of the left thigh after sustaining a fall from bed. The Sjogren's syndrome had been previously diagnosed via lower lip biopsy. After fasciotomy, signs and symptoms of intra-abdominal hemorrhage developed, and the patient was taken to laparotomy, where no hemorrhage was found. A coagulopathy developed, and the patient's hemoglobin continued to fall. A complete factor analysis revealed a factor VIII inhibitor that was quantified at 40 Bethesda units. After vigorous therapy-which included factor concentrates, immunoglobulins, steroids, antifibrinolytic agents, and blood replacement-the patient's bleeding stopped and she continued to convalesce under hospital care until her ultimate death from respiratory problems. Acquired hemophilia with a factor VIII inhibitor may be associated with Sjogren's syndrome.
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