Washington K, Mosiello R, Venditto M, Simelaro J, Coughlin P, Crow W, Nicholas A. Presence of Chapman reflex points in hospitalized patients with pneumonia. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2003;103(10):479–483. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.2003.103.10.479.
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The authors undertook a case control study to determine whether hospitalized patients with pneumonia had reflex points in the anterior chest wall as described by Frank Chapman, DO, specifically those classified as relating to the lung. Sixty-nine hospitalized patients were enrolled in the study. Patients with an admitting diagnosis of pneumonia were compared to those without pneumonia as their admitting diagnosis. All patients were examined to determine if Chapman reflex points for the lungs were present. The study controlled for potential confounding diagnoses by excluding patients with lung pathology other than pneumonia. Results demonstrated a statistically significant relationship between the presence of Chapman reflex points and pneumonia in hospitalized patients.
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