Shoemaker JR, Klemes AB. Alternate Options to Hormone Replacement Therapy for Osteoporosis. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2003;103(6_suppl):S1–S5. doi: https://doi.org/.
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This presentation, developed from a symposium lecture at the 40th Annual Convention of the American College of Osteopathic Family Physicians on March 22, 2003, in Nashville, Tenn, highlights three pivotal studies that have altered the preferred option for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. The Heart Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study (HERS), the HERS II, and the Women's Health Initiative provide evidence that the benefits (fewer colorectal cancers and hip fractures) of using hormone replacement therapy—conjugated equine estrogens (0.625 mg/d) plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (2.5 mg/d) specifically—did not outweigh the risks (more CHD-related deaths, strokes, venous thromboembolisms, and invasive breast cancer). Treatment and prevention options for osteoporosis now include modification of risk factors, calcium and vitamin D supplementation, bisphosphonates (alendronate sodium and risedronate sodium), selective estrogen receptor modulators, and synthetic parathyroid hormone.
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