JAOA/AACOM Medical Education  |   November 2018
Correlation of Personal Experience and Acquired Knowledge With Intent to Recommend Adjunctive Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment or Yoga for Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain
Author Notes
  • From the Western University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific in Pomona, California (Dr Seffinger and Student Doctor Kitch); the University of Hawaii in Honolulu (Dr Hurwitz); Kent Hospital in Warwick, Rhode Island (Dr Quiamas); the Institute for Family Health in New York, New York (Dr Mervyn-Cohen); and Riverside University Health System in Palm Springs, California (Dr Lin). Drs Quiamas and Lin are second-year residents. 
  • Disclaimer: Dr Seffinger, an associate editor of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, was not involved in the editorial review or decision to publish this article. 
  • Financial Disclosures: None reported. 
  • Support: The study was funded by an educational research grant by the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Michael A. Seffinger, DO, Western University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific, Department of NMM/OMM, 309 E 2nd St at College Plaza, Pomona, CA 91766-1854. Email: mseffinger@westernu.edu
     
Article Information
Neuromusculoskeletal Disorders / Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment / Pain Management/Palliative Care / Low Back Pain
JAOA/AACOM Medical Education   |   November 2018
Correlation of Personal Experience and Acquired Knowledge With Intent to Recommend Adjunctive Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment or Yoga for Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, November 2018, Vol. 118, 738-745. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2018.159
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, November 2018, Vol. 118, 738-745. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2018.159
Abstract

Context: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) and yoga are both recommended by systematic reviews in the evidence-based research literature for low back pain management. It is unknown, to the authors’ knowledge, what the effect of personal experience with OMT or yoga, reading research articles on OMT or yoga, or both will have on medical students’ recommendations for these treatment options to future patients with chronic low back pain.

Objective: To evaluate the likelihood of osteopathic medical students recommending OMT or yoga to treat patients with chronic low back pain based on their personal experience or reading research articles that recommend OMT or yoga for patients with chronic low back pain.

Methods: In this prospective cohort study, researchers administered an anonymous 18-question online survey for osteopathic medical students. The survey included a patient vignette, 2 evidence-based articles, and multiple choice, yes/no, and Likert-type questions. Participants were recruited via email from all 4 years of medical school. Between-group differences in proportions were assessed with descriptive statistics and χ2 tests; differences within groups were assessed with the McNemar test; and Fischer exact tests were used when expected cell counts were less than 5.

Results: A total of 180 participants (100 male, 80 female) completed the study. Personal experience increased the likelihood of osteopathic medical students recommending OMT (P<.018) or yoga (P<.001) to a future patient or to a patient in a case vignette (P<.05) with chronic low back pain. Students who read research articles were more likely to recommend OMT to the case patient and future patients before and after reading the intervention article regardless of their experience (P<.001).

Conclusion: Personal experience and reading evidence-based research may increase the likelihood that osteopathic medical students will recommend OMT to future patients with chronic low back pain.

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