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Appendix  |   April 2017
Appendix 2: American Osteopathic Association Specialty Board Certification
Author Notes
  • From the Department of Certifying Board Services at the American Osteopathic Association in Chicago, Illinois. Dr Wieting is the chair of the American Osteopathic Association’s Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Jeffrey A. Kramer, CAE, American Osteopathic Association, 142 E Ontario St, Chicago, IL 60611-2864. E-mail: jkramer@osteopathic.org
     
Article Information
Cardiovascular Disorders / Gastroenterology / Imaging / Neuromusculoskeletal Disorders / Obstetrics and Gynecology / Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology / Pain Management/Palliative Care / Pediatrics / Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation / Preventive Medicine / Pulmonary Disorders / Sports Medicine / Palliative Care
Appendix   |   April 2017
Appendix 2: American Osteopathic Association Specialty Board Certification
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2017, Vol. 117, 268-271. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2017.045
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2017, Vol. 117, 268-271. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2017.045
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1
The certification process continues to be an important assessment tool for enhancing the quality of health care and protecting the public. Certification demonstrates a standard of excellence for osteopathic physicians, including quality of services and commitment to lifelong learning. In addition, many health care facilities and insurers require physicians to be board certified. 
Since its establishment in 1939, the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists (BOS), the official certifying body of the American Osteopathic Association (AOA), has issued 46,862 certifications, including primary specialties, subspecialties, and added qualifications (family medicine only). As of December 31, 2016, a total of 29,646 osteopathic physicians were currently certified by the AOA and held a combined total of 34,555 active certificates, representing an 8.4% increase over the number of active certificates held in 2015. 
Table 1 provides data regarding currently offered certifications and includes the number of primary, subspecialty, and osteopathic continuous certifications (OCC) as well as the total number of all active certifications. This information is provided by specialty and in the aggregate. In total, 3199 certificates were awarded in 2016, as follows: 
  • ■ primary specialty: 2760
  • ■ subspecialty: 386
  • ■ Certificate of Added Qualification (family medicine only): 53
Table 1.
Certification Statistics, 2016: Currently-Offered Certificationsa
American Osteopathic Board of … Certification Type Description No. (%)
New Certifications OCC Total Active Certifications
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 33 (1) 27 (2) 650 (2)
Subspecialty Critical care 2 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain management 1 (<1) 3 (<1) 74 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric anesthesiology 9 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 74 (2) 25 (1) 605 (2)
Subspecialty Mohs micrographic surgery 10 (<1) 2 (<1) 39 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric dermatology 3 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Emergency Medicine Primary Emergency medicine 383 (12) 188 (11) 3208 (9)
Subspecialty Emergency medical services 0 1 (<1) 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Medical toxicology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 14 (<1)
Family Physicians Primary Family medicine/OMTb 784 (25) 577 (34) 12,519 (36)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 6 (<1) 12 (1) 310 (1)
Internal Medicine Primary Internal medicine 912 (29) 186 (11) 4923 (14)
Subspecialty Cardiology 81 (3) 32 (2) 560 (2)
Subspecialty Clinical cardiac electrophysiology 6 (<1) 0 26 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 37 (1) 15 (1) 198 (1)
Subspecialty Endocrinology 9 (<1) 2 (<1) 53 (<1)
Subspecialty Gastroenterology 35 (1) 15 (1) 266 (1)
Subspecialty Geriatrics 3 (<1) 5 (<1) 59 (<1)
Subspecialty Hematology 9 (<1) 3 (<1) 60 (<1)
Subspecialty Infectious diseases 15 (<1) 6 (<1) 90 (<1)
Subspecialty Interventional cardiology 17 (1) 4 (<1) 125 (<1)
Subspecialty Nephrology 15 (<1) 10 (1) 151 (<1)
Subspecialty Oncology 14 (<1) 3 (<1) 121 (<1)
Subspecialty Pulmonary diseases 11 (<1) 13 (1) 228 (1)
Subspecialty Rheumatology 13 (<1) 6 (<1) 80 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMM 44 (1) 34 (2) 725 (2)
Neurology and Psychiatry Primary Neurology 12 (1) 4 (<1) 267 (1)
Primary Psychiatry 0 6 (<1) 306 (1)
Subspecialty Child neurology 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child psychiatry 0 1 (<1) 42 (<1)
Subspecialty Geriatric psychiatry 1 (<1) 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Neurophysiology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 27 (<1)
Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Obstetrics and gynecology 123 (4) 126 (7) 1359 (4)
Subspecialty Female pelvic medicine/ reconstructive surgery 3 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Gynecologic oncology 4 (<1) 1 (<1) 16 (<1)
Subspecialty Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 32 (<1)
Subspecialty Reproductive endocrinology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 13 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology- Primary Ophthalmology 22 (1) 24 (1) 394 (1)
Head and Neck Surgery Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 26 (1) 44 (3) 500 (1)
Subspecialty Otolaryngic allergy 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 22 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery Primary Orthopedic surgery 111 (3) 98 (6) 1380 (4)
Subspecialty Hand surgery 12 (<1) 3 (<1) 68 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 23 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Forensic pathology 0 0 4 (<1)
Pediatrics Primary Pediatrics 26 (1) 6 (<1) 573 (2)
Subspecialty Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Neonatology 1 (<1) 0 36 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric endocrinology 1 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Preventive Medicine Primary Aerospace medicine 0 2 (<1) 34 (<1)
Primary Occupational-environmental medicine 1 (<1) 5 (<1) 85 (<1)
Primary Public health 0 2 (<1) 34 (<1)
Subspecialty Occupational medicine 4 (<1) 1 (<1) 45 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 24 (1) 1 (<1) 267 (1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 26 (<1)
Radiology Primary Diagnostic radiology 25 (1) 31 (2) 761 (2)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 0 20 (<1)
Subspecialty Neuroradiology 2 (<1) 3 (<1) 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric radiology 1 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Subspecialty Vascular/interventional radiology 3 (<1) 1 (<1) 18 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgery 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 64 (<1)
Primary General surgery 102 (3) 104 (6) 1207 (3)
Primary General vascular surgery 8 (<1) 10 (1) 132 (<1)
Primary Neurological surgery 16 (1) 15 (1) 138 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 7 (<1) 7 (<1) 87 (<1)
Primary Urological surgery 22 (1) 25 (1) 235 (1)
Subspecialty Surgical critical care 20 (1) 3 (<1) 105 (<1)
Conjoint Subspecialty/CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
Subspecialty Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 9 (<1) 0 27 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Correctional medicine 3 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 14 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 13 (<1) 4 (<1) 362 (1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Pain medicine 12 (<1) 0 84 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Sleep medicine 5 (<1) 1 (<1) 83 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Sports medicine 38 (1) 12 (1) 271 (1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 (<1) 0 47 (<1)
Total 3199 1722 34,481 (>99)
Total, All Certificationsc 3199 1722 34,555 (100)

a Data current as of December 31, 2016.

b Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).

c Includes 74 certificates from specialties no longer offered, as listed in Table 2.

Abbreviations: CAQ, Certificate of Added Qualifications; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OCC, osteopathic continuous certification.

Table 1.
Certification Statistics, 2016: Currently-Offered Certificationsa
American Osteopathic Board of … Certification Type Description No. (%)
New Certifications OCC Total Active Certifications
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 33 (1) 27 (2) 650 (2)
Subspecialty Critical care 2 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain management 1 (<1) 3 (<1) 74 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric anesthesiology 9 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 74 (2) 25 (1) 605 (2)
Subspecialty Mohs micrographic surgery 10 (<1) 2 (<1) 39 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric dermatology 3 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Emergency Medicine Primary Emergency medicine 383 (12) 188 (11) 3208 (9)
Subspecialty Emergency medical services 0 1 (<1) 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Medical toxicology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 14 (<1)
Family Physicians Primary Family medicine/OMTb 784 (25) 577 (34) 12,519 (36)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 6 (<1) 12 (1) 310 (1)
Internal Medicine Primary Internal medicine 912 (29) 186 (11) 4923 (14)
Subspecialty Cardiology 81 (3) 32 (2) 560 (2)
Subspecialty Clinical cardiac electrophysiology 6 (<1) 0 26 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 37 (1) 15 (1) 198 (1)
Subspecialty Endocrinology 9 (<1) 2 (<1) 53 (<1)
Subspecialty Gastroenterology 35 (1) 15 (1) 266 (1)
Subspecialty Geriatrics 3 (<1) 5 (<1) 59 (<1)
Subspecialty Hematology 9 (<1) 3 (<1) 60 (<1)
Subspecialty Infectious diseases 15 (<1) 6 (<1) 90 (<1)
Subspecialty Interventional cardiology 17 (1) 4 (<1) 125 (<1)
Subspecialty Nephrology 15 (<1) 10 (1) 151 (<1)
Subspecialty Oncology 14 (<1) 3 (<1) 121 (<1)
Subspecialty Pulmonary diseases 11 (<1) 13 (1) 228 (1)
Subspecialty Rheumatology 13 (<1) 6 (<1) 80 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMM 44 (1) 34 (2) 725 (2)
Neurology and Psychiatry Primary Neurology 12 (1) 4 (<1) 267 (1)
Primary Psychiatry 0 6 (<1) 306 (1)
Subspecialty Child neurology 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child psychiatry 0 1 (<1) 42 (<1)
Subspecialty Geriatric psychiatry 1 (<1) 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Neurophysiology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 27 (<1)
Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Obstetrics and gynecology 123 (4) 126 (7) 1359 (4)
Subspecialty Female pelvic medicine/ reconstructive surgery 3 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Gynecologic oncology 4 (<1) 1 (<1) 16 (<1)
Subspecialty Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 32 (<1)
Subspecialty Reproductive endocrinology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 13 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology- Primary Ophthalmology 22 (1) 24 (1) 394 (1)
Head and Neck Surgery Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 26 (1) 44 (3) 500 (1)
Subspecialty Otolaryngic allergy 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 22 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery Primary Orthopedic surgery 111 (3) 98 (6) 1380 (4)
Subspecialty Hand surgery 12 (<1) 3 (<1) 68 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 23 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Forensic pathology 0 0 4 (<1)
Pediatrics Primary Pediatrics 26 (1) 6 (<1) 573 (2)
Subspecialty Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Neonatology 1 (<1) 0 36 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric endocrinology 1 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Preventive Medicine Primary Aerospace medicine 0 2 (<1) 34 (<1)
Primary Occupational-environmental medicine 1 (<1) 5 (<1) 85 (<1)
Primary Public health 0 2 (<1) 34 (<1)
Subspecialty Occupational medicine 4 (<1) 1 (<1) 45 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 24 (1) 1 (<1) 267 (1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 26 (<1)
Radiology Primary Diagnostic radiology 25 (1) 31 (2) 761 (2)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 0 20 (<1)
Subspecialty Neuroradiology 2 (<1) 3 (<1) 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric radiology 1 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Subspecialty Vascular/interventional radiology 3 (<1) 1 (<1) 18 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgery 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 64 (<1)
Primary General surgery 102 (3) 104 (6) 1207 (3)
Primary General vascular surgery 8 (<1) 10 (1) 132 (<1)
Primary Neurological surgery 16 (1) 15 (1) 138 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 7 (<1) 7 (<1) 87 (<1)
Primary Urological surgery 22 (1) 25 (1) 235 (1)
Subspecialty Surgical critical care 20 (1) 3 (<1) 105 (<1)
Conjoint Subspecialty/CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
Subspecialty Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 9 (<1) 0 27 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Correctional medicine 3 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 14 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 13 (<1) 4 (<1) 362 (1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Pain medicine 12 (<1) 0 84 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Sleep medicine 5 (<1) 1 (<1) 83 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Sports medicine 38 (1) 12 (1) 271 (1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 (<1) 0 47 (<1)
Total 3199 1722 34,481 (>99)
Total, All Certificationsc 3199 1722 34,555 (100)

a Data current as of December 31, 2016.

b Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).

c Includes 74 certificates from specialties no longer offered, as listed in Table 2.

Abbreviations: CAQ, Certificate of Added Qualifications; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OCC, osteopathic continuous certification.

×
In addition, 1722 OCC certificates were awarded in 2016. 
Table 2 provides similar data for certifications that are no longer issued but still have active diplomates. Specialties that are no longer offered but are equivalent to currently offered specialties have been combined as appropriate in Table 1. These specialties are as follows: 
  • Special proficiency in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) has been combined with neuromusculoskeletal medicine/OMM.
  • Obstetrics and gynecologic surgery has been combined with obstetrics and gynecology.
  • Facial plastic surgery, otolaryngology, and otorhinolaryngology have been combined with otolaryngology andfacial plastic surgery .
  • Preventive-occupational medicine has been combined with occupational-environmental medicine.
  • Diagnostic roentgenology, radiology, and roentgenology have been combined with diagnostic radiology.
  • Thoracic cardiovascular surgery and thoracic surgery have been combined with cardiothoracic surgery.
Table 2.
Certification Statistics, 2016: Certifications No Longer Offereda
American Osteopathic Board of … Certification Type Description Total Active Certifications, No. (%)
Family Physicians CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicine 7 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Primary Nuclear medicine 21 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine 11 (<1)
Pediatrics Subspecialty Pediatric pulmonology 2 (<1)
Radiology Subspecialty Angiography and interventional radiology 18 (<1)
Subspecialty Body imaging 9 (<1)
Subspecialty Diagnostic ultrasound 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Nuclear radiology 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Radiation therapy 1 (<1)
Totalb 74 (<1)

a Data are current as of December 31, 2016. No new or osteopathic continuous certifications apply to these specialties.

b Percentage calculated from a total of 34,555 active certificates, which include these 74 certificates that are no longer offered and the 34,481 certificates listed in Table 1.

Abbreviation: CAQ, Certificate of Added Qualifications.

Table 2.
Certification Statistics, 2016: Certifications No Longer Offereda
American Osteopathic Board of … Certification Type Description Total Active Certifications, No. (%)
Family Physicians CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicine 7 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Primary Nuclear medicine 21 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine 11 (<1)
Pediatrics Subspecialty Pediatric pulmonology 2 (<1)
Radiology Subspecialty Angiography and interventional radiology 18 (<1)
Subspecialty Body imaging 9 (<1)
Subspecialty Diagnostic ultrasound 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Nuclear radiology 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Radiation therapy 1 (<1)
Totalb 74 (<1)

a Data are current as of December 31, 2016. No new or osteopathic continuous certifications apply to these specialties.

b Percentage calculated from a total of 34,555 active certificates, which include these 74 certificates that are no longer offered and the 34,481 certificates listed in Table 1.

Abbreviation: CAQ, Certificate of Added Qualifications.

×
Since 2011, the number of active board certifications held has risen steadily (Figure). This number is expected to continue to rise in the future. 
Figure.
Total active certifications held, 2011 to 2016. The number of certifications increased from 27,519 in 2011 to 34,555 in 2016.
Figure.
Total active certifications held, 2011 to 2016. The number of certifications increased from 27,519 in 2011 to 34,555 in 2016.
Recent Activities in Certification
In February 2016, the BOS approved the creation of a subspecialty examination in orthopedic sports medicine. The American Osteopathic Board of Orthopedic Surgery is developing this examination and plans to implement it in 2018. 
Also, in April 2016, the AOA empaneled a Certifying Board Services Task Force charged with the following tasks: 
  • ■ Improve customer experience through user-friendly processes.
  • ■ Continuously increase quality and enhance standards of high-stakes examinations.
  • ■ Simplify and align the OCC process across all specialties.
  • ■ Serve as a focus group on technological enhancements to the board certification administration process.
The Task Force reported its findings and recommendations regarding the 5 OCC components to the BOS at its annual meeting on November 6, 2016. The Task Force’s recommendations focus on making the OCC process less onerous and applying new evaluation processes that take advantage of the latest concepts in certification and supporting technology. The BOS drafted resolutions based on the Task Force’s recommendations, which were submitted to the AOA Board of Trustees for approval at its February 2017 meeting. The BOS will continue to work to improve and enhance the AOA certification process. 
Editor’s Note: This article is an update of last year’s appendix (http://jaoa.org/article.aspx?articleid=2507728) on AOA specialty board certification. 
Figure.
Total active certifications held, 2011 to 2016. The number of certifications increased from 27,519 in 2011 to 34,555 in 2016.
Figure.
Total active certifications held, 2011 to 2016. The number of certifications increased from 27,519 in 2011 to 34,555 in 2016.
Table 1.
Certification Statistics, 2016: Currently-Offered Certificationsa
American Osteopathic Board of … Certification Type Description No. (%)
New Certifications OCC Total Active Certifications
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 33 (1) 27 (2) 650 (2)
Subspecialty Critical care 2 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain management 1 (<1) 3 (<1) 74 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric anesthesiology 9 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 74 (2) 25 (1) 605 (2)
Subspecialty Mohs micrographic surgery 10 (<1) 2 (<1) 39 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric dermatology 3 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Emergency Medicine Primary Emergency medicine 383 (12) 188 (11) 3208 (9)
Subspecialty Emergency medical services 0 1 (<1) 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Medical toxicology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 14 (<1)
Family Physicians Primary Family medicine/OMTb 784 (25) 577 (34) 12,519 (36)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 6 (<1) 12 (1) 310 (1)
Internal Medicine Primary Internal medicine 912 (29) 186 (11) 4923 (14)
Subspecialty Cardiology 81 (3) 32 (2) 560 (2)
Subspecialty Clinical cardiac electrophysiology 6 (<1) 0 26 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 37 (1) 15 (1) 198 (1)
Subspecialty Endocrinology 9 (<1) 2 (<1) 53 (<1)
Subspecialty Gastroenterology 35 (1) 15 (1) 266 (1)
Subspecialty Geriatrics 3 (<1) 5 (<1) 59 (<1)
Subspecialty Hematology 9 (<1) 3 (<1) 60 (<1)
Subspecialty Infectious diseases 15 (<1) 6 (<1) 90 (<1)
Subspecialty Interventional cardiology 17 (1) 4 (<1) 125 (<1)
Subspecialty Nephrology 15 (<1) 10 (1) 151 (<1)
Subspecialty Oncology 14 (<1) 3 (<1) 121 (<1)
Subspecialty Pulmonary diseases 11 (<1) 13 (1) 228 (1)
Subspecialty Rheumatology 13 (<1) 6 (<1) 80 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMM 44 (1) 34 (2) 725 (2)
Neurology and Psychiatry Primary Neurology 12 (1) 4 (<1) 267 (1)
Primary Psychiatry 0 6 (<1) 306 (1)
Subspecialty Child neurology 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child psychiatry 0 1 (<1) 42 (<1)
Subspecialty Geriatric psychiatry 1 (<1) 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Neurophysiology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 27 (<1)
Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Obstetrics and gynecology 123 (4) 126 (7) 1359 (4)
Subspecialty Female pelvic medicine/ reconstructive surgery 3 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Gynecologic oncology 4 (<1) 1 (<1) 16 (<1)
Subspecialty Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 32 (<1)
Subspecialty Reproductive endocrinology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 13 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology- Primary Ophthalmology 22 (1) 24 (1) 394 (1)
Head and Neck Surgery Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 26 (1) 44 (3) 500 (1)
Subspecialty Otolaryngic allergy 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 22 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery Primary Orthopedic surgery 111 (3) 98 (6) 1380 (4)
Subspecialty Hand surgery 12 (<1) 3 (<1) 68 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 23 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Forensic pathology 0 0 4 (<1)
Pediatrics Primary Pediatrics 26 (1) 6 (<1) 573 (2)
Subspecialty Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Neonatology 1 (<1) 0 36 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric endocrinology 1 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Preventive Medicine Primary Aerospace medicine 0 2 (<1) 34 (<1)
Primary Occupational-environmental medicine 1 (<1) 5 (<1) 85 (<1)
Primary Public health 0 2 (<1) 34 (<1)
Subspecialty Occupational medicine 4 (<1) 1 (<1) 45 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 24 (1) 1 (<1) 267 (1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 26 (<1)
Radiology Primary Diagnostic radiology 25 (1) 31 (2) 761 (2)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 0 20 (<1)
Subspecialty Neuroradiology 2 (<1) 3 (<1) 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric radiology 1 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Subspecialty Vascular/interventional radiology 3 (<1) 1 (<1) 18 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgery 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 64 (<1)
Primary General surgery 102 (3) 104 (6) 1207 (3)
Primary General vascular surgery 8 (<1) 10 (1) 132 (<1)
Primary Neurological surgery 16 (1) 15 (1) 138 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 7 (<1) 7 (<1) 87 (<1)
Primary Urological surgery 22 (1) 25 (1) 235 (1)
Subspecialty Surgical critical care 20 (1) 3 (<1) 105 (<1)
Conjoint Subspecialty/CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
Subspecialty Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 9 (<1) 0 27 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Correctional medicine 3 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 14 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 13 (<1) 4 (<1) 362 (1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Pain medicine 12 (<1) 0 84 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Sleep medicine 5 (<1) 1 (<1) 83 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Sports medicine 38 (1) 12 (1) 271 (1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 (<1) 0 47 (<1)
Total 3199 1722 34,481 (>99)
Total, All Certificationsc 3199 1722 34,555 (100)

a Data current as of December 31, 2016.

b Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).

c Includes 74 certificates from specialties no longer offered, as listed in Table 2.

Abbreviations: CAQ, Certificate of Added Qualifications; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OCC, osteopathic continuous certification.

Table 1.
Certification Statistics, 2016: Currently-Offered Certificationsa
American Osteopathic Board of … Certification Type Description No. (%)
New Certifications OCC Total Active Certifications
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 33 (1) 27 (2) 650 (2)
Subspecialty Critical care 2 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain management 1 (<1) 3 (<1) 74 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric anesthesiology 9 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 74 (2) 25 (1) 605 (2)
Subspecialty Mohs micrographic surgery 10 (<1) 2 (<1) 39 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric dermatology 3 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Emergency Medicine Primary Emergency medicine 383 (12) 188 (11) 3208 (9)
Subspecialty Emergency medical services 0 1 (<1) 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Medical toxicology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 14 (<1)
Family Physicians Primary Family medicine/OMTb 784 (25) 577 (34) 12,519 (36)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 6 (<1) 12 (1) 310 (1)
Internal Medicine Primary Internal medicine 912 (29) 186 (11) 4923 (14)
Subspecialty Cardiology 81 (3) 32 (2) 560 (2)
Subspecialty Clinical cardiac electrophysiology 6 (<1) 0 26 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 37 (1) 15 (1) 198 (1)
Subspecialty Endocrinology 9 (<1) 2 (<1) 53 (<1)
Subspecialty Gastroenterology 35 (1) 15 (1) 266 (1)
Subspecialty Geriatrics 3 (<1) 5 (<1) 59 (<1)
Subspecialty Hematology 9 (<1) 3 (<1) 60 (<1)
Subspecialty Infectious diseases 15 (<1) 6 (<1) 90 (<1)
Subspecialty Interventional cardiology 17 (1) 4 (<1) 125 (<1)
Subspecialty Nephrology 15 (<1) 10 (1) 151 (<1)
Subspecialty Oncology 14 (<1) 3 (<1) 121 (<1)
Subspecialty Pulmonary diseases 11 (<1) 13 (1) 228 (1)
Subspecialty Rheumatology 13 (<1) 6 (<1) 80 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMM 44 (1) 34 (2) 725 (2)
Neurology and Psychiatry Primary Neurology 12 (1) 4 (<1) 267 (1)
Primary Psychiatry 0 6 (<1) 306 (1)
Subspecialty Child neurology 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child psychiatry 0 1 (<1) 42 (<1)
Subspecialty Geriatric psychiatry 1 (<1) 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Neurophysiology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 27 (<1)
Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Obstetrics and gynecology 123 (4) 126 (7) 1359 (4)
Subspecialty Female pelvic medicine/ reconstructive surgery 3 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Gynecologic oncology 4 (<1) 1 (<1) 16 (<1)
Subspecialty Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 32 (<1)
Subspecialty Reproductive endocrinology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 13 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology- Primary Ophthalmology 22 (1) 24 (1) 394 (1)
Head and Neck Surgery Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 26 (1) 44 (3) 500 (1)
Subspecialty Otolaryngic allergy 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 22 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery Primary Orthopedic surgery 111 (3) 98 (6) 1380 (4)
Subspecialty Hand surgery 12 (<1) 3 (<1) 68 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 23 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Forensic pathology 0 0 4 (<1)
Pediatrics Primary Pediatrics 26 (1) 6 (<1) 573 (2)
Subspecialty Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Neonatology 1 (<1) 0 36 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric endocrinology 1 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Preventive Medicine Primary Aerospace medicine 0 2 (<1) 34 (<1)
Primary Occupational-environmental medicine 1 (<1) 5 (<1) 85 (<1)
Primary Public health 0 2 (<1) 34 (<1)
Subspecialty Occupational medicine 4 (<1) 1 (<1) 45 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 24 (1) 1 (<1) 267 (1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 26 (<1)
Radiology Primary Diagnostic radiology 25 (1) 31 (2) 761 (2)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 0 20 (<1)
Subspecialty Neuroradiology 2 (<1) 3 (<1) 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatric radiology 1 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Subspecialty Vascular/interventional radiology 3 (<1) 1 (<1) 18 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgery 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 64 (<1)
Primary General surgery 102 (3) 104 (6) 1207 (3)
Primary General vascular surgery 8 (<1) 10 (1) 132 (<1)
Primary Neurological surgery 16 (1) 15 (1) 138 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 7 (<1) 7 (<1) 87 (<1)
Primary Urological surgery 22 (1) 25 (1) 235 (1)
Subspecialty Surgical critical care 20 (1) 3 (<1) 105 (<1)
Conjoint Subspecialty/CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
Subspecialty Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 9 (<1) 0 27 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Correctional medicine 3 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 14 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 13 (<1) 4 (<1) 362 (1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Pain medicine 12 (<1) 0 84 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Sleep medicine 5 (<1) 1 (<1) 83 (<1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Sports medicine 38 (1) 12 (1) 271 (1)
Subspecialty/CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 (<1) 0 47 (<1)
Total 3199 1722 34,481 (>99)
Total, All Certificationsc 3199 1722 34,555 (100)

a Data current as of December 31, 2016.

b Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).

c Includes 74 certificates from specialties no longer offered, as listed in Table 2.

Abbreviations: CAQ, Certificate of Added Qualifications; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OCC, osteopathic continuous certification.

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Table 2.
Certification Statistics, 2016: Certifications No Longer Offereda
American Osteopathic Board of … Certification Type Description Total Active Certifications, No. (%)
Family Physicians CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicine 7 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Primary Nuclear medicine 21 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine 11 (<1)
Pediatrics Subspecialty Pediatric pulmonology 2 (<1)
Radiology Subspecialty Angiography and interventional radiology 18 (<1)
Subspecialty Body imaging 9 (<1)
Subspecialty Diagnostic ultrasound 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Nuclear radiology 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Radiation therapy 1 (<1)
Totalb 74 (<1)

a Data are current as of December 31, 2016. No new or osteopathic continuous certifications apply to these specialties.

b Percentage calculated from a total of 34,555 active certificates, which include these 74 certificates that are no longer offered and the 34,481 certificates listed in Table 1.

Abbreviation: CAQ, Certificate of Added Qualifications.

Table 2.
Certification Statistics, 2016: Certifications No Longer Offereda
American Osteopathic Board of … Certification Type Description Total Active Certifications, No. (%)
Family Physicians CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicine 7 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Primary Nuclear medicine 21 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine 11 (<1)
Pediatrics Subspecialty Pediatric pulmonology 2 (<1)
Radiology Subspecialty Angiography and interventional radiology 18 (<1)
Subspecialty Body imaging 9 (<1)
Subspecialty Diagnostic ultrasound 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Nuclear radiology 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Radiation therapy 1 (<1)
Totalb 74 (<1)

a Data are current as of December 31, 2016. No new or osteopathic continuous certifications apply to these specialties.

b Percentage calculated from a total of 34,555 active certificates, which include these 74 certificates that are no longer offered and the 34,481 certificates listed in Table 1.

Abbreviation: CAQ, Certificate of Added Qualifications.

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