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Appendix  |   April 2017
Appendix 1: Osteopathic Graduate Medical Education, 2017
Author Notes
Article Information
Medical Education / Graduate Medical Education
Appendix   |   April 2017
Appendix 1: Osteopathic Graduate Medical Education, 2017
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2017, Vol. 117, 262-267. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2017.044
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2017, Vol. 117, 262-267. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2017.044
Web of Science® Times Cited: 3
The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Department of Education maintains historical annual data on approved, funded, and filled AOA-approved positions, as reported by the National Matching Services (an AOA vendor) and the Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit survey tool. The current appendix includes an update for the 2015-2016 academic year. The AOA does not finalize postdoctoral training data until May of each calendar year. Trends and information on training slots from the AOA Match are also summarized. 
Approved positions are the number of training slots awarded to a program by the Program and Trainee Review Council upon initial accreditation or through a request for an increase or decrease submitted by an already established program. Filled positions are the number of those approved training slots with a trainee enrolled in the program. Growth in programs and positions is primarily the result of new and expanded programs at institutions with new or already established AOA-approved residency programs. 
The Figure depicts trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs between academic years 2006-2007 and 2015-2016. The number of DOs in Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education postdoctoral programs, total DOs in AOA internship and residency programs, and osteopathic medical school graduates all show continued steady growth between 2008-2009 and 2015-2016. 
Figure.
Trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Data may change and should be considered incomplete until finalized in the 2017 osteopathic medical education issue of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA). Data for academic years 2006-2007 through 2014-2015 were previously published in the JAOA. aTotal college of osteopathic medicine (COM) graduates do not include previous years’ graduates. bTotal DOs in American Osteopathic Association (AOA) internships include trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. cRestructuring of the AOA internship, effective July 1, 2008. Abbreviation: ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Figure.
Trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Data may change and should be considered incomplete until finalized in the 2017 osteopathic medical education issue of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA). Data for academic years 2006-2007 through 2014-2015 were previously published in the JAOA. aTotal college of osteopathic medicine (COM) graduates do not include previous years’ graduates. bTotal DOs in American Osteopathic Association (AOA) internships include trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. cRestructuring of the AOA internship, effective July 1, 2008. Abbreviation: ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Table 1 illustrates the distribution of AOA internship and residency and fellowship programs and trainees filling available positions by state. Compared with the previous year, the following 6 states and the District of Columbia increased their number of trainees by more than 50%: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Idaho, North Carolina, and Tennessee. The following 5 states have the greatest number of programs, positions, and trainees: Florida, Michigan, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. In addition, the number of training programs grew in 14 states, with Maryland sponsoring its first ever residency program in 2015. 
Table 1.
Number of AOA-Approved Programs and Trainees Filling Available Positions as Reported by State, 2015-2016 Academic Year, as of May 31, 2016a
State Internship Residency/Fellowship Total
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
Alabama 0 0 0 4 63 10 4 63 10
Alaska 0 0 0 1 9 14 1 9 14
Arizona 0 0 0 15 156 110 15 156 110
Arkansas 0 0 0 11 194 22 11 194 22
California 4 29 29 38 569 293 42 598 322
Colorado 1 8 2 13 194 87 14 202 89
Connecticut 2 18 11 4 40 34 6 58 45
District of Columbia 0 0 0 1 18 17 1 18 17
Delaware 1 19 17 1 24 9 2 43 26
Florida 7 116 67 100 1279 870 107 1395 937
Georgia 2 9 2 9 98 53 11 107 55
Idaho 0 0 0 1 12 6 1 12 6
Illinois 1 12 10 43 500 414 44 512 424
Indiana 0 0 0 4 45 27 4 45 27
Iowa 0 0 0 7 82 58 7 82 58
Kansas 0 0 0 1 20 19 1 20 19
Kentucky 2 14 5 12 135 56 14 149 61
Maine 0 0 0 7 79 36 7 79 36
Maryland 0 0 0 1 18 0 1 18 0
Massachusetts 1 4 4 4 37 25 5 41 29
Michigan 17 178 31 197 2327 1659 214 2505 1690
Minnesota 0 0 0 1 8 7 1 8 7
Mississippi 0 0 0 6 82 39 6 82 39
Missouri 3 15 7 27 212 151 30 227 158
Montana 0 0 0 2 22 10 2 22 10
Nevada 1 10 0 10 112 86 11 122 86
New Jersey 6 93 47 78 992 627 84 1085 674
New Mexico 1 4 0 7 86 0 8 90 0
New York 13 164 99 103 1339 799 116 1503 898
North Carolina 4 62 4 21 378 80 25 440 84
Ohio 6 51 27 105 1189 819 111 1240 846
Oklahoma 2 16 7 47 537 320 49 553 327
Oregon 1 12 8 12 129 107 13 141 115
Pennsylvania 20 156 80 115 1486 1048 135 1642 1128
Rhode Island 0 0 0 5 66 50 5 66 50
South Carolina 0 0 0 3 36 18 3 36 18
Tennessee 0 0 0 2 28 26 2 28 26
Texas 1 12 0 26 323 162 27 335 162
Utah 0 0 0 3 57 4 3 57 4
Virginia 2 21 9 16 260 152 18 281 161
Washington 0 0 0 10 140 102 10 140 102
West Virginia 5 33 3 19 208 136 24 241 139
Wisconsin 0 0 0 3 78 64 3 78 64
Wyoming 0 0 0 2 21 8 2 21 8
Total 103 1056 469 1097 13,688 8634 1200 14,744 9103

a Data shown represent positions approved by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Program and Trainee Review Council and are not necessarily all funded. Data are current as of May 31, 2016. No internship or residency programs were approved by the AOA during the 2015-2016 academic year in the following states: Hawaii, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Vermont.

Source: Training Programs by State: Year-End Reports, Division of Postdoctoral Training, AOA, Chicago, Illinois.

Table 1.
Number of AOA-Approved Programs and Trainees Filling Available Positions as Reported by State, 2015-2016 Academic Year, as of May 31, 2016a
State Internship Residency/Fellowship Total
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
Alabama 0 0 0 4 63 10 4 63 10
Alaska 0 0 0 1 9 14 1 9 14
Arizona 0 0 0 15 156 110 15 156 110
Arkansas 0 0 0 11 194 22 11 194 22
California 4 29 29 38 569 293 42 598 322
Colorado 1 8 2 13 194 87 14 202 89
Connecticut 2 18 11 4 40 34 6 58 45
District of Columbia 0 0 0 1 18 17 1 18 17
Delaware 1 19 17 1 24 9 2 43 26
Florida 7 116 67 100 1279 870 107 1395 937
Georgia 2 9 2 9 98 53 11 107 55
Idaho 0 0 0 1 12 6 1 12 6
Illinois 1 12 10 43 500 414 44 512 424
Indiana 0 0 0 4 45 27 4 45 27
Iowa 0 0 0 7 82 58 7 82 58
Kansas 0 0 0 1 20 19 1 20 19
Kentucky 2 14 5 12 135 56 14 149 61
Maine 0 0 0 7 79 36 7 79 36
Maryland 0 0 0 1 18 0 1 18 0
Massachusetts 1 4 4 4 37 25 5 41 29
Michigan 17 178 31 197 2327 1659 214 2505 1690
Minnesota 0 0 0 1 8 7 1 8 7
Mississippi 0 0 0 6 82 39 6 82 39
Missouri 3 15 7 27 212 151 30 227 158
Montana 0 0 0 2 22 10 2 22 10
Nevada 1 10 0 10 112 86 11 122 86
New Jersey 6 93 47 78 992 627 84 1085 674
New Mexico 1 4 0 7 86 0 8 90 0
New York 13 164 99 103 1339 799 116 1503 898
North Carolina 4 62 4 21 378 80 25 440 84
Ohio 6 51 27 105 1189 819 111 1240 846
Oklahoma 2 16 7 47 537 320 49 553 327
Oregon 1 12 8 12 129 107 13 141 115
Pennsylvania 20 156 80 115 1486 1048 135 1642 1128
Rhode Island 0 0 0 5 66 50 5 66 50
South Carolina 0 0 0 3 36 18 3 36 18
Tennessee 0 0 0 2 28 26 2 28 26
Texas 1 12 0 26 323 162 27 335 162
Utah 0 0 0 3 57 4 3 57 4
Virginia 2 21 9 16 260 152 18 281 161
Washington 0 0 0 10 140 102 10 140 102
West Virginia 5 33 3 19 208 136 24 241 139
Wisconsin 0 0 0 3 78 64 3 78 64
Wyoming 0 0 0 2 21 8 2 21 8
Total 103 1056 469 1097 13,688 8634 1200 14,744 9103

a Data shown represent positions approved by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Program and Trainee Review Council and are not necessarily all funded. Data are current as of May 31, 2016. No internship or residency programs were approved by the AOA during the 2015-2016 academic year in the following states: Hawaii, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Vermont.

Source: Training Programs by State: Year-End Reports, Division of Postdoctoral Training, AOA, Chicago, Illinois.

×
Table 2 shows the number of AOA-approved residency and fellowship programs and their approved and filled positions as reported by academic year and specialty. In academic year 2015-2016, 48% of residents are in the primary care specialties of family medicine (27%) and internal medicine (21%). In addition, 13% of residents are in emergency medicine. 
Table 2.
No. of AOA-Approved Programs and Approved/Filled Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialty, as of May 31, 2016a
Specialty 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
Anesthesiology 13 139 118 14 151 116 13 139 121
  Anesthesiology and pain management 3 6 2 3 6 2 3 6 2
  Pediatric anesthesiology 1 3 0 1 3 1 1 3 1
  Dermatology 30 179 125 31 209 136 33 226 150
  MOHS micrographic surgery 3 4 3 4 5 2 5 6 4
  Pediatric dermatology NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
Diagnostic Radiology 17 195 128 16 187 114 14 156 112
  Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 NA NA NA
  Vascular and interventional radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
Emergency Medicine 50 1215 953 59 1373 976 63 1468 1080
  Emergency medical service 2 3 1 1 1 1 NA NA NA
Family Medicine 227 3334 1982 252 3708 2170 258 3874 2314
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 15 46 7 15 46 5 15 44 5
Internal Medicine 121 2223 1494 137 2728 1654 141 2977 1798
  Cardiac electrophysiology 2 5 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
  Cardiology 27 178 129 29 193 136 30 207 144
  Cardiology (interventional) 13 29 11 13 28 11 13 31 10
  Critical care medicine 7 27 6 7 27 11 7 27 20
  Endocrinology 5 13 6 6 17 6 5 15 6
  Gastroenterology 18 85 56 20 101 67 23 120 76
  Geriatrics (internal medicine) 11 36 1 9 30 0 10 34 2
  Hematology and oncology 7 24 14 6 21 16 6 21 16
  Infectious diseases 4 16 4 5 20 6 6 23 6
  Nephrology 8 22 11 10 29 9 9 27 9
  Oncology 2 6 2 2 7 2 2 7 0
  Pulmonary (critical care) 11 50 30 13 66 32 14 69 43
  Pulmonary medicine 3 7 0 2 4 0 1 2 0
  Rheumatology 4 12 9 4 12 10 3 10 7
  Transplant hepatology 1 2 0 1 2 0 NA NA NA
Neurology 9 96 64 11 126 70 11 129 78
NMM/OMM 8 43 18 9 46 20 8 41 17
  NMM plus 1 26 83 25 27 86 22 31 102 29
Obstetrics and Gynecology 33 409 300 34 421 314 36 442 319
  Female pelvic medicine 1 3 0 2 4 1 2 4 2
  Gynecological oncology 3 9 9 3 9 7 4 12 8
  Maternal and fetal medicine 5 17 12 5 18 16 5 17 15
  Reproductive endocrinology 3 9 1 3 9 1 3 9 2
Ophthalmology 15 71 56 15 82 56 14 79 53
Orthopedic Surgery 39 590 492 44 676 498 44 700 534
  Hand surgery 1 3 0 1 3 1 1 3 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 1 1 0 1 1 0 NA NA NA
Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 19 139 121 21 154 111 20 149 117
  Otolaryngic allergy 3 9 2 3 9 1 3 9 2
Pathology NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology 1 1 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA
Pediatrics 20 292 187 22 328 200 21 316 207
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 6 67 37 6 70 44 6 70 45
Preventive Medicine and Public Health 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 3 0
  Preventive medicine (occupational and environmental) NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 6 0
Proctology 2 5 2 2 5 2 2 5 2
Psychiatry 20 294 133 25 376 163 24 362 174
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 4 18 8 5 22 7 5 22 8
  Forensic psychiatry 1 4 0 1 4 0 1 4 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 2 6 1 2 6 0 2 6 0
Surgery (General) 53 809 586 59 932 602 59 982 651
  Cardiothoracic surgery 1 9 0 1 9 0 1 9 0
  Critical care surgery 5 13 2 5 13 3 4 11 5
  General vascular surgery 8 18 12 8 19 12 6 14 10
  Neurological surgery 10 108 97 12 131 95 11 126 91
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 8 29 14 8 32 16 8 32 18
  Urologic surgery 10 107 92 11 123 94 11 123 97
Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 3 52 43 3 52 42 3 52 38
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine 11 122 76 9 105 71 8 101 65
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 9 72 40 9 72 43 9 75 48
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 1 4 2 1 4 3 1 4 3
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 1 10 7 1 10 6 1 10 5
Conjointb
  Addiction medicine 1 6 3 1 6 0 1 6 3
  Adult/pediatric allergy and immunology 2 10 8 2 10 10 2 10 9
  Correctional medicine 2 6 0 2 6 0 2 6 0
  Dermatopathology 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 4 0
  Hospice and palliative medicine 12 28 6 15 34 7 15 34 14
  Pain medicine 1 5 4 1 5 2 1 5 4
  Pediatric emergency medicine 2 12 0 2 12 0 2 12 0
  Sleep medicine 2 8 1 2 8 2 2 8 2
  Sports medicine 23 64 25 24 71 30 24 72 31
  Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 1
Internship 126 1256 615 121 1228 628 119 1232 568
Total 1124 12,791 8197 1207 14,331 8686 1216 14,920 9202

a Approved positions are not necessarily funded. Data include fellowship programs, positions, and residents.

b Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit system, (TIVRA) academic years 2015-2016. Data for the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 academic years have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Table 2.
No. of AOA-Approved Programs and Approved/Filled Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialty, as of May 31, 2016a
Specialty 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
Anesthesiology 13 139 118 14 151 116 13 139 121
  Anesthesiology and pain management 3 6 2 3 6 2 3 6 2
  Pediatric anesthesiology 1 3 0 1 3 1 1 3 1
  Dermatology 30 179 125 31 209 136 33 226 150
  MOHS micrographic surgery 3 4 3 4 5 2 5 6 4
  Pediatric dermatology NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
Diagnostic Radiology 17 195 128 16 187 114 14 156 112
  Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 NA NA NA
  Vascular and interventional radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
Emergency Medicine 50 1215 953 59 1373 976 63 1468 1080
  Emergency medical service 2 3 1 1 1 1 NA NA NA
Family Medicine 227 3334 1982 252 3708 2170 258 3874 2314
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 15 46 7 15 46 5 15 44 5
Internal Medicine 121 2223 1494 137 2728 1654 141 2977 1798
  Cardiac electrophysiology 2 5 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
  Cardiology 27 178 129 29 193 136 30 207 144
  Cardiology (interventional) 13 29 11 13 28 11 13 31 10
  Critical care medicine 7 27 6 7 27 11 7 27 20
  Endocrinology 5 13 6 6 17 6 5 15 6
  Gastroenterology 18 85 56 20 101 67 23 120 76
  Geriatrics (internal medicine) 11 36 1 9 30 0 10 34 2
  Hematology and oncology 7 24 14 6 21 16 6 21 16
  Infectious diseases 4 16 4 5 20 6 6 23 6
  Nephrology 8 22 11 10 29 9 9 27 9
  Oncology 2 6 2 2 7 2 2 7 0
  Pulmonary (critical care) 11 50 30 13 66 32 14 69 43
  Pulmonary medicine 3 7 0 2 4 0 1 2 0
  Rheumatology 4 12 9 4 12 10 3 10 7
  Transplant hepatology 1 2 0 1 2 0 NA NA NA
Neurology 9 96 64 11 126 70 11 129 78
NMM/OMM 8 43 18 9 46 20 8 41 17
  NMM plus 1 26 83 25 27 86 22 31 102 29
Obstetrics and Gynecology 33 409 300 34 421 314 36 442 319
  Female pelvic medicine 1 3 0 2 4 1 2 4 2
  Gynecological oncology 3 9 9 3 9 7 4 12 8
  Maternal and fetal medicine 5 17 12 5 18 16 5 17 15
  Reproductive endocrinology 3 9 1 3 9 1 3 9 2
Ophthalmology 15 71 56 15 82 56 14 79 53
Orthopedic Surgery 39 590 492 44 676 498 44 700 534
  Hand surgery 1 3 0 1 3 1 1 3 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 1 1 0 1 1 0 NA NA NA
Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 19 139 121 21 154 111 20 149 117
  Otolaryngic allergy 3 9 2 3 9 1 3 9 2
Pathology NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology 1 1 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA
Pediatrics 20 292 187 22 328 200 21 316 207
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 6 67 37 6 70 44 6 70 45
Preventive Medicine and Public Health 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 3 0
  Preventive medicine (occupational and environmental) NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 6 0
Proctology 2 5 2 2 5 2 2 5 2
Psychiatry 20 294 133 25 376 163 24 362 174
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 4 18 8 5 22 7 5 22 8
  Forensic psychiatry 1 4 0 1 4 0 1 4 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 2 6 1 2 6 0 2 6 0
Surgery (General) 53 809 586 59 932 602 59 982 651
  Cardiothoracic surgery 1 9 0 1 9 0 1 9 0
  Critical care surgery 5 13 2 5 13 3 4 11 5
  General vascular surgery 8 18 12 8 19 12 6 14 10
  Neurological surgery 10 108 97 12 131 95 11 126 91
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 8 29 14 8 32 16 8 32 18
  Urologic surgery 10 107 92 11 123 94 11 123 97
Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 3 52 43 3 52 42 3 52 38
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine 11 122 76 9 105 71 8 101 65
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 9 72 40 9 72 43 9 75 48
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 1 4 2 1 4 3 1 4 3
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 1 10 7 1 10 6 1 10 5
Conjointb
  Addiction medicine 1 6 3 1 6 0 1 6 3
  Adult/pediatric allergy and immunology 2 10 8 2 10 10 2 10 9
  Correctional medicine 2 6 0 2 6 0 2 6 0
  Dermatopathology 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 4 0
  Hospice and palliative medicine 12 28 6 15 34 7 15 34 14
  Pain medicine 1 5 4 1 5 2 1 5 4
  Pediatric emergency medicine 2 12 0 2 12 0 2 12 0
  Sleep medicine 2 8 1 2 8 2 2 8 2
  Sports medicine 23 64 25 24 71 30 24 72 31
  Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 1
Internship 126 1256 615 121 1228 628 119 1232 568
Total 1124 12,791 8197 1207 14,331 8686 1216 14,920 9202

a Approved positions are not necessarily funded. Data include fellowship programs, positions, and residents.

b Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit system, (TIVRA) academic years 2015-2016. Data for the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 academic years have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

×
Editor’s Note: This article is an update of last year’s appendix (http://jaoa.org/article.aspx?articleid=2507727) on osteopathic graduate medical education. 
Figure.
Trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Data may change and should be considered incomplete until finalized in the 2017 osteopathic medical education issue of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA). Data for academic years 2006-2007 through 2014-2015 were previously published in the JAOA. aTotal college of osteopathic medicine (COM) graduates do not include previous years’ graduates. bTotal DOs in American Osteopathic Association (AOA) internships include trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. cRestructuring of the AOA internship, effective July 1, 2008. Abbreviation: ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Figure.
Trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Data may change and should be considered incomplete until finalized in the 2017 osteopathic medical education issue of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA). Data for academic years 2006-2007 through 2014-2015 were previously published in the JAOA. aTotal college of osteopathic medicine (COM) graduates do not include previous years’ graduates. bTotal DOs in American Osteopathic Association (AOA) internships include trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. cRestructuring of the AOA internship, effective July 1, 2008. Abbreviation: ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Table 1.
Number of AOA-Approved Programs and Trainees Filling Available Positions as Reported by State, 2015-2016 Academic Year, as of May 31, 2016a
State Internship Residency/Fellowship Total
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
Alabama 0 0 0 4 63 10 4 63 10
Alaska 0 0 0 1 9 14 1 9 14
Arizona 0 0 0 15 156 110 15 156 110
Arkansas 0 0 0 11 194 22 11 194 22
California 4 29 29 38 569 293 42 598 322
Colorado 1 8 2 13 194 87 14 202 89
Connecticut 2 18 11 4 40 34 6 58 45
District of Columbia 0 0 0 1 18 17 1 18 17
Delaware 1 19 17 1 24 9 2 43 26
Florida 7 116 67 100 1279 870 107 1395 937
Georgia 2 9 2 9 98 53 11 107 55
Idaho 0 0 0 1 12 6 1 12 6
Illinois 1 12 10 43 500 414 44 512 424
Indiana 0 0 0 4 45 27 4 45 27
Iowa 0 0 0 7 82 58 7 82 58
Kansas 0 0 0 1 20 19 1 20 19
Kentucky 2 14 5 12 135 56 14 149 61
Maine 0 0 0 7 79 36 7 79 36
Maryland 0 0 0 1 18 0 1 18 0
Massachusetts 1 4 4 4 37 25 5 41 29
Michigan 17 178 31 197 2327 1659 214 2505 1690
Minnesota 0 0 0 1 8 7 1 8 7
Mississippi 0 0 0 6 82 39 6 82 39
Missouri 3 15 7 27 212 151 30 227 158
Montana 0 0 0 2 22 10 2 22 10
Nevada 1 10 0 10 112 86 11 122 86
New Jersey 6 93 47 78 992 627 84 1085 674
New Mexico 1 4 0 7 86 0 8 90 0
New York 13 164 99 103 1339 799 116 1503 898
North Carolina 4 62 4 21 378 80 25 440 84
Ohio 6 51 27 105 1189 819 111 1240 846
Oklahoma 2 16 7 47 537 320 49 553 327
Oregon 1 12 8 12 129 107 13 141 115
Pennsylvania 20 156 80 115 1486 1048 135 1642 1128
Rhode Island 0 0 0 5 66 50 5 66 50
South Carolina 0 0 0 3 36 18 3 36 18
Tennessee 0 0 0 2 28 26 2 28 26
Texas 1 12 0 26 323 162 27 335 162
Utah 0 0 0 3 57 4 3 57 4
Virginia 2 21 9 16 260 152 18 281 161
Washington 0 0 0 10 140 102 10 140 102
West Virginia 5 33 3 19 208 136 24 241 139
Wisconsin 0 0 0 3 78 64 3 78 64
Wyoming 0 0 0 2 21 8 2 21 8
Total 103 1056 469 1097 13,688 8634 1200 14,744 9103

a Data shown represent positions approved by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Program and Trainee Review Council and are not necessarily all funded. Data are current as of May 31, 2016. No internship or residency programs were approved by the AOA during the 2015-2016 academic year in the following states: Hawaii, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Vermont.

Source: Training Programs by State: Year-End Reports, Division of Postdoctoral Training, AOA, Chicago, Illinois.

Table 1.
Number of AOA-Approved Programs and Trainees Filling Available Positions as Reported by State, 2015-2016 Academic Year, as of May 31, 2016a
State Internship Residency/Fellowship Total
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
Alabama 0 0 0 4 63 10 4 63 10
Alaska 0 0 0 1 9 14 1 9 14
Arizona 0 0 0 15 156 110 15 156 110
Arkansas 0 0 0 11 194 22 11 194 22
California 4 29 29 38 569 293 42 598 322
Colorado 1 8 2 13 194 87 14 202 89
Connecticut 2 18 11 4 40 34 6 58 45
District of Columbia 0 0 0 1 18 17 1 18 17
Delaware 1 19 17 1 24 9 2 43 26
Florida 7 116 67 100 1279 870 107 1395 937
Georgia 2 9 2 9 98 53 11 107 55
Idaho 0 0 0 1 12 6 1 12 6
Illinois 1 12 10 43 500 414 44 512 424
Indiana 0 0 0 4 45 27 4 45 27
Iowa 0 0 0 7 82 58 7 82 58
Kansas 0 0 0 1 20 19 1 20 19
Kentucky 2 14 5 12 135 56 14 149 61
Maine 0 0 0 7 79 36 7 79 36
Maryland 0 0 0 1 18 0 1 18 0
Massachusetts 1 4 4 4 37 25 5 41 29
Michigan 17 178 31 197 2327 1659 214 2505 1690
Minnesota 0 0 0 1 8 7 1 8 7
Mississippi 0 0 0 6 82 39 6 82 39
Missouri 3 15 7 27 212 151 30 227 158
Montana 0 0 0 2 22 10 2 22 10
Nevada 1 10 0 10 112 86 11 122 86
New Jersey 6 93 47 78 992 627 84 1085 674
New Mexico 1 4 0 7 86 0 8 90 0
New York 13 164 99 103 1339 799 116 1503 898
North Carolina 4 62 4 21 378 80 25 440 84
Ohio 6 51 27 105 1189 819 111 1240 846
Oklahoma 2 16 7 47 537 320 49 553 327
Oregon 1 12 8 12 129 107 13 141 115
Pennsylvania 20 156 80 115 1486 1048 135 1642 1128
Rhode Island 0 0 0 5 66 50 5 66 50
South Carolina 0 0 0 3 36 18 3 36 18
Tennessee 0 0 0 2 28 26 2 28 26
Texas 1 12 0 26 323 162 27 335 162
Utah 0 0 0 3 57 4 3 57 4
Virginia 2 21 9 16 260 152 18 281 161
Washington 0 0 0 10 140 102 10 140 102
West Virginia 5 33 3 19 208 136 24 241 139
Wisconsin 0 0 0 3 78 64 3 78 64
Wyoming 0 0 0 2 21 8 2 21 8
Total 103 1056 469 1097 13,688 8634 1200 14,744 9103

a Data shown represent positions approved by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Program and Trainee Review Council and are not necessarily all funded. Data are current as of May 31, 2016. No internship or residency programs were approved by the AOA during the 2015-2016 academic year in the following states: Hawaii, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Vermont.

Source: Training Programs by State: Year-End Reports, Division of Postdoctoral Training, AOA, Chicago, Illinois.

×
Table 2.
No. of AOA-Approved Programs and Approved/Filled Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialty, as of May 31, 2016a
Specialty 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
Anesthesiology 13 139 118 14 151 116 13 139 121
  Anesthesiology and pain management 3 6 2 3 6 2 3 6 2
  Pediatric anesthesiology 1 3 0 1 3 1 1 3 1
  Dermatology 30 179 125 31 209 136 33 226 150
  MOHS micrographic surgery 3 4 3 4 5 2 5 6 4
  Pediatric dermatology NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
Diagnostic Radiology 17 195 128 16 187 114 14 156 112
  Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 NA NA NA
  Vascular and interventional radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
Emergency Medicine 50 1215 953 59 1373 976 63 1468 1080
  Emergency medical service 2 3 1 1 1 1 NA NA NA
Family Medicine 227 3334 1982 252 3708 2170 258 3874 2314
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 15 46 7 15 46 5 15 44 5
Internal Medicine 121 2223 1494 137 2728 1654 141 2977 1798
  Cardiac electrophysiology 2 5 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
  Cardiology 27 178 129 29 193 136 30 207 144
  Cardiology (interventional) 13 29 11 13 28 11 13 31 10
  Critical care medicine 7 27 6 7 27 11 7 27 20
  Endocrinology 5 13 6 6 17 6 5 15 6
  Gastroenterology 18 85 56 20 101 67 23 120 76
  Geriatrics (internal medicine) 11 36 1 9 30 0 10 34 2
  Hematology and oncology 7 24 14 6 21 16 6 21 16
  Infectious diseases 4 16 4 5 20 6 6 23 6
  Nephrology 8 22 11 10 29 9 9 27 9
  Oncology 2 6 2 2 7 2 2 7 0
  Pulmonary (critical care) 11 50 30 13 66 32 14 69 43
  Pulmonary medicine 3 7 0 2 4 0 1 2 0
  Rheumatology 4 12 9 4 12 10 3 10 7
  Transplant hepatology 1 2 0 1 2 0 NA NA NA
Neurology 9 96 64 11 126 70 11 129 78
NMM/OMM 8 43 18 9 46 20 8 41 17
  NMM plus 1 26 83 25 27 86 22 31 102 29
Obstetrics and Gynecology 33 409 300 34 421 314 36 442 319
  Female pelvic medicine 1 3 0 2 4 1 2 4 2
  Gynecological oncology 3 9 9 3 9 7 4 12 8
  Maternal and fetal medicine 5 17 12 5 18 16 5 17 15
  Reproductive endocrinology 3 9 1 3 9 1 3 9 2
Ophthalmology 15 71 56 15 82 56 14 79 53
Orthopedic Surgery 39 590 492 44 676 498 44 700 534
  Hand surgery 1 3 0 1 3 1 1 3 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 1 1 0 1 1 0 NA NA NA
Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 19 139 121 21 154 111 20 149 117
  Otolaryngic allergy 3 9 2 3 9 1 3 9 2
Pathology NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology 1 1 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA
Pediatrics 20 292 187 22 328 200 21 316 207
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 6 67 37 6 70 44 6 70 45
Preventive Medicine and Public Health 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 3 0
  Preventive medicine (occupational and environmental) NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 6 0
Proctology 2 5 2 2 5 2 2 5 2
Psychiatry 20 294 133 25 376 163 24 362 174
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 4 18 8 5 22 7 5 22 8
  Forensic psychiatry 1 4 0 1 4 0 1 4 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 2 6 1 2 6 0 2 6 0
Surgery (General) 53 809 586 59 932 602 59 982 651
  Cardiothoracic surgery 1 9 0 1 9 0 1 9 0
  Critical care surgery 5 13 2 5 13 3 4 11 5
  General vascular surgery 8 18 12 8 19 12 6 14 10
  Neurological surgery 10 108 97 12 131 95 11 126 91
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 8 29 14 8 32 16 8 32 18
  Urologic surgery 10 107 92 11 123 94 11 123 97
Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 3 52 43 3 52 42 3 52 38
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine 11 122 76 9 105 71 8 101 65
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 9 72 40 9 72 43 9 75 48
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 1 4 2 1 4 3 1 4 3
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 1 10 7 1 10 6 1 10 5
Conjointb
  Addiction medicine 1 6 3 1 6 0 1 6 3
  Adult/pediatric allergy and immunology 2 10 8 2 10 10 2 10 9
  Correctional medicine 2 6 0 2 6 0 2 6 0
  Dermatopathology 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 4 0
  Hospice and palliative medicine 12 28 6 15 34 7 15 34 14
  Pain medicine 1 5 4 1 5 2 1 5 4
  Pediatric emergency medicine 2 12 0 2 12 0 2 12 0
  Sleep medicine 2 8 1 2 8 2 2 8 2
  Sports medicine 23 64 25 24 71 30 24 72 31
  Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 1
Internship 126 1256 615 121 1228 628 119 1232 568
Total 1124 12,791 8197 1207 14,331 8686 1216 14,920 9202

a Approved positions are not necessarily funded. Data include fellowship programs, positions, and residents.

b Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit system, (TIVRA) academic years 2015-2016. Data for the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 academic years have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Table 2.
No. of AOA-Approved Programs and Approved/Filled Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialty, as of May 31, 2016a
Specialty 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
Anesthesiology 13 139 118 14 151 116 13 139 121
  Anesthesiology and pain management 3 6 2 3 6 2 3 6 2
  Pediatric anesthesiology 1 3 0 1 3 1 1 3 1
  Dermatology 30 179 125 31 209 136 33 226 150
  MOHS micrographic surgery 3 4 3 4 5 2 5 6 4
  Pediatric dermatology NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
Diagnostic Radiology 17 195 128 16 187 114 14 156 112
  Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 NA NA NA
  Vascular and interventional radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
Emergency Medicine 50 1215 953 59 1373 976 63 1468 1080
  Emergency medical service 2 3 1 1 1 1 NA NA NA
Family Medicine 227 3334 1982 252 3708 2170 258 3874 2314
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 15 46 7 15 46 5 15 44 5
Internal Medicine 121 2223 1494 137 2728 1654 141 2977 1798
  Cardiac electrophysiology 2 5 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
  Cardiology 27 178 129 29 193 136 30 207 144
  Cardiology (interventional) 13 29 11 13 28 11 13 31 10
  Critical care medicine 7 27 6 7 27 11 7 27 20
  Endocrinology 5 13 6 6 17 6 5 15 6
  Gastroenterology 18 85 56 20 101 67 23 120 76
  Geriatrics (internal medicine) 11 36 1 9 30 0 10 34 2
  Hematology and oncology 7 24 14 6 21 16 6 21 16
  Infectious diseases 4 16 4 5 20 6 6 23 6
  Nephrology 8 22 11 10 29 9 9 27 9
  Oncology 2 6 2 2 7 2 2 7 0
  Pulmonary (critical care) 11 50 30 13 66 32 14 69 43
  Pulmonary medicine 3 7 0 2 4 0 1 2 0
  Rheumatology 4 12 9 4 12 10 3 10 7
  Transplant hepatology 1 2 0 1 2 0 NA NA NA
Neurology 9 96 64 11 126 70 11 129 78
NMM/OMM 8 43 18 9 46 20 8 41 17
  NMM plus 1 26 83 25 27 86 22 31 102 29
Obstetrics and Gynecology 33 409 300 34 421 314 36 442 319
  Female pelvic medicine 1 3 0 2 4 1 2 4 2
  Gynecological oncology 3 9 9 3 9 7 4 12 8
  Maternal and fetal medicine 5 17 12 5 18 16 5 17 15
  Reproductive endocrinology 3 9 1 3 9 1 3 9 2
Ophthalmology 15 71 56 15 82 56 14 79 53
Orthopedic Surgery 39 590 492 44 676 498 44 700 534
  Hand surgery 1 3 0 1 3 1 1 3 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 1 1 0 1 1 0 NA NA NA
Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 19 139 121 21 154 111 20 149 117
  Otolaryngic allergy 3 9 2 3 9 1 3 9 2
Pathology NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology 1 1 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA
Pediatrics 20 292 187 22 328 200 21 316 207
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 6 67 37 6 70 44 6 70 45
Preventive Medicine and Public Health 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 3 0
  Preventive medicine (occupational and environmental) NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 6 0
Proctology 2 5 2 2 5 2 2 5 2
Psychiatry 20 294 133 25 376 163 24 362 174
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 4 18 8 5 22 7 5 22 8
  Forensic psychiatry 1 4 0 1 4 0 1 4 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 2 6 1 2 6 0 2 6 0
Surgery (General) 53 809 586 59 932 602 59 982 651
  Cardiothoracic surgery 1 9 0 1 9 0 1 9 0
  Critical care surgery 5 13 2 5 13 3 4 11 5
  General vascular surgery 8 18 12 8 19 12 6 14 10
  Neurological surgery 10 108 97 12 131 95 11 126 91
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 8 29 14 8 32 16 8 32 18
  Urologic surgery 10 107 92 11 123 94 11 123 97
Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 3 52 43 3 52 42 3 52 38
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine 11 122 76 9 105 71 8 101 65
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 9 72 40 9 72 43 9 75 48
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 1 4 2 1 4 3 1 4 3
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 1 10 7 1 10 6 1 10 5
Conjointb
  Addiction medicine 1 6 3 1 6 0 1 6 3
  Adult/pediatric allergy and immunology 2 10 8 2 10 10 2 10 9
  Correctional medicine 2 6 0 2 6 0 2 6 0
  Dermatopathology 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 4 0
  Hospice and palliative medicine 12 28 6 15 34 7 15 34 14
  Pain medicine 1 5 4 1 5 2 1 5 4
  Pediatric emergency medicine 2 12 0 2 12 0 2 12 0
  Sleep medicine 2 8 1 2 8 2 2 8 2
  Sports medicine 23 64 25 24 71 30 24 72 31
  Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 1
Internship 126 1256 615 121 1228 628 119 1232 568
Total 1124 12,791 8197 1207 14,331 8686 1216 14,920 9202

a Approved positions are not necessarily funded. Data include fellowship programs, positions, and residents.

b Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit system, (TIVRA) academic years 2015-2016. Data for the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 academic years have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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