The Somatic Connection  |   May 2016
Postural Balance and Gait Improved With an Osteopathic Intervention in a Special Needs Population
Author Notes
  • University of California, San Diego School of Medicine 
Article Information
The Somatic Connection   |   May 2016
Postural Balance and Gait Improved With an Osteopathic Intervention in a Special Needs Population
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, May 2016, Vol. 116, 325-326. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.065
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, May 2016, Vol. 116, 325-326. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.065
Web of Science® Times Cited: 41
Vismara L, Cimolin V, Galli M, Grugni G, Ancillao A, Capodaglio P. Osteopathic manipulative treatment improves gait pattern and posture in adult patients with Prader-Willi syndrome [published online September 12, 2015]. Int J Osteopath Med. 2016;19:35-43. doi:10.1016/j.ijosm.2015.09.001. 
Researchers at the Istituto Auxologico Italiano in Piancavallo, Italy, evaluated the effects of a single application of osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMTh; manipulative care provided by foreign-trained osteopaths) on patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). This condition is a relatively rare genetic disorder affecting a part of chromosome 15. Major clinical features of PWS are short stature, obesity, scoliosis, developmental delay, muscular hypotonia, reduced physical activity, and gait and postural disorders. Study participants were 10 patients with genetically confirmed PWS. Two control groups were used: one of 15 obese individuals and another of 20 normal-weight healthy participants. Obese participants were recruited among other inpatients in rehabilitation, and healthy participants were recruited from the institute staff. Exclusion criteria included history of cardiovascular and neurologic conditions or musculoskeletal complaints, vision loss, vestibular impairments, symptoms related to intracranial hypertension or use of neuro-active drugs, pregnancy, and substance abuse. 
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