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Appendix  |   April 2016
Appendix 2: American Osteopathic Association Specialty Board Certification
Author Notes
  • From the Department of Education at the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) in Chicago, Illinois. Dr Scheinthal is the chair of the AOA Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Jeffrey A. Kramer, CAE, AOA, 142 E Ontario St, Chicago, IL 60611-2864. E-mail: jkramer@osteopathic.org
     
Article Information
Cardiovascular Disorders / Gastroenterology / Imaging / Neuromusculoskeletal Disorders / Obstetrics and Gynecology / Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology / Pain Management/Palliative Care / Pediatrics / Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation / Preventive Medicine / Pulmonary Disorders / Palliative Care
Appendix   |   April 2016
Appendix 2: American Osteopathic Association Specialty Board Certification
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2016, Vol. 116, 263-266. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.051
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2016, Vol. 116, 263-266. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.051
In 2015, the certification process at the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) began its 76th year. The certification process continues to be an important assessment tool for enhancing the quality of health care and protecting the public. Certification demonstrates a standard of excellence for osteopathic physicians, including quality of services and commitment to lifelong learning. In addition, many health care facilities and insurers require physicians to be board certified. 
Since its establishment in 1939, the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists, the official certifying body of the AOA, has issued 43,670 certificates, including primary specialties, subspecialties, and added qualifications (family medicine only). As of December 31, 2015, a total of 27,365 osteopathic physicians were currently certified by the AOA and held a combined total of 31,887 active certifications, representing a 2.4% increase over the number of active certifications held in 2014. 
In 2015, a total of 2176 certificates were awarded as follows:
  • Primary specialty: 1896
  • Subspecialty: 219
  • Certificate of Added Qualification (family medicine only): 61
Additionally, 2001 Osteopathic Continuous Certifications (formerly referred to as recertifications) were issued in 2015. A complete list of certifications processed in 2015 and the total number of active certifications by specialty is found in the Table. 
Table 1.
Certification Statistics, 2015a
American Osteopathic Board of Certification Tybeb Description New Certification OCC Completion Total Active Certifications
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 33 (2) 4 (<1) 636 (2)
Subspecialty Pain management 5 (<1) 0 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 0 0 5 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 42 (2) 42 (2) 522 (2)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 2 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Subspecialty Mohs micrographic surgery 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 28 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie dermatology 3 (<1) 0 6 (<1)
Emergency Medicine Primary Emergency medicine 346 (16) 152 (8) 2804 (9)
Subspecialty Emergency medical services 0 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Medical toxicology 2 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 9 (<1)
Family Physicians Primary Family medicine/OMPc 660 (30) 1023 (51) 12,073 (38)
CAQ Addiction medicined 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicined 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Correctional medicinee 3 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 9 (<1) 7 (<1) 305 (1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 28 (1) 0 223 (1)
CAQ Pain medicine 8 (<1) 0 21 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 10 (<1) 17 (1) 221 (1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 24 (<1)
Internal Medicine Primary Internal medicine 488 (22) 157 (8) 4059 (13)
Subspecialty Adult and pediatrie allergy and immunology 3 (<1) 1 (<1) 11 (<1)
Subspecialty Cardiac electrophysiology 0 4 (<1) 26 (<1)
Subspecialty Cardiology 32 (1) 21 (1) 488 (2)
Subspecialty Correctional medicinee 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 26 (1) 9 (<1) 160 (1)
Subspecialty Endocrinology 5 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
Subspecialty Gastroenterology 14 (1) 13 (1) 224 (1)
Subspecialty Geriatrics 0 9 (<1) 60 (<1)
Subspecialty Hematology 5 (<1) 2 (<1) 49 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 18 (1) 6 (<1) 118 (<1)
Subspecialty Infectious diseases 3 (<1) 2 (<1) 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Interventional cardiology 22 (1) 14 (1) 115 (<1)
Subspecialty Nephrology 6 (<1) 7 (<1) 137 (<1)
Subspecialty Oncology 6 (<1) 7 (<1) 108 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 2 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Pulmonary diseases 13 (1) 10 (<1) 214 (1)
Subspecialty Rheumatology 8 (<1) 1 (<1) 69 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 5 (<1) 57 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 3 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 4 (<1)
Neurology and Psychiatry Primary Neurology 16 (1) 19 (1) 252 (1)
Primary Psychiatry 22 (1) 18 (1) 314 (1)
Subspecialty Addiction medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child neurology 0 1 (<1) 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child psychiatry 3 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
Subspecialty Geriatric psychiatry 3 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 2 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Neurophysiology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 24 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 1 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 1 (<1) 20 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMMf 42 (2) 119 (6) 703 (2)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 1 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Primary Nuclear medicined 0 2 (<1) 22 (<1)
Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Obstetrics and gynecologyf 41 (2) 89 (4) 1272 (4)
Subspecialty Female pelvic medicine/reconstructive surgery 0 0 5 (<1)
Subspecialty Gynecologic oncology 0 1 (<1) 13 (<1)
Subspecialty Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 33 (<1)
Subspecialty Reproductive endocrinology 0 0 13 ((<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Primary Ophthalmology 18 (1) 9(<1) 364 (1)
Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgeryf 31 (1) 27(1) 479 (2)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 1(<1) 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Otolaryngic allergy 0 1(<1) 20 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery Primary Orthopedic surgery 51 (2) 67(3) 1268 (4)
Subspecialty Hand surgery 0 0 55 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 0 0 23 (<1)
Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicined 0 0 13 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Forensic pathology 0 0 4 (<1)
Pediatrics Primary Pediatrics 33 (2) 15(1) 562 (2)
Subspecialty Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 1 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Neonatology 1 (<1) 1(<1) 35 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie allergy and Immunology 0 0 6 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie endocrinology 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie pulmonologyd 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 26 (1) 7(<1) 245 (1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 3 (<1) 0 30 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 6 (<1)
Preventive Medicine Primary Preventive medicine-aerospace medicine 1 (<1) 3(<1) 37 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-public health 1 (<1) 1(<1) 36 (<1)
Primary Preventive-occupational-environmental medicinef 3 (<1) 4(<1) 93 (<1)
Subspecialty Correctional medicinee 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Occupational medicine 4 (<1) 0 49 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicined 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea hyperbaric medicine 0 1(<1) 6 (<1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 1 (<1) 0 25 (<1)
Radiology Primary Diagnostic radiologyf 27 (1) 27 (1) 728 (2)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 1 (<1) 19 (<1)
Subspecialty Angiography and interventional radiologyd 0 0 18 (<1)
Subspecialty Body imagingd 0 0 9 (<1)
Subspecialty Diagnostic ultrasoundd 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Neuroradiology 4 (<1) 3 (<1) 66 (<1)
Subspecialty Nuclear radiologyd 0 0 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie radiology 0 1 (<1) 20 (<1)
Subspecialty Radiation therapyd 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Vascular/interventional radiology 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 16 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgeryf 0 0 16 (<1)
Primary General vascular surgery 1 (<1) 3 (<1) 128 (<1)
Primary Neurological surgery 2 (<1) 4 (<1) 121 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 79 (<1)
Primary Surgery-general 8 (<1) 33 (2) 1107 (3)
Primary Thoracic cardiovascular surgeryd 0 1 (<1) 48 (<1)
Primary Urological surgery 2 (<1) 8 (<1) 215 (1)
Subspecialty Critical care 6 (<1) 5 (<1) 80 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Total 2176 2001 31,887

a Data are current as of December 31, 2015.

b In past years, the terms Certificate of Added Qualifications (CAQ) and Certification of Special Qualifications (CSQ) were used to distinguish subspecialty certifications. The term subspecialty is now used for all subspecialty examinations except those in family medicine, which still uses the term CAQ.

c Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).

d No longer issued.

f Specialties that are no longer offered but are equivalent to currently offered specialties have been combined as appropriate in this year’s table. These specialties are as follows: special proficiency in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) has been combined with neuromusculoskeletal medicine (NMM)/OMM; obstetric and gynecologic surgery has been combined with obstetrics and gynecology; facial plastic surgery, otolaryngology, and otorhinolaryngology have been combined with otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery; preventive-occupational medicine has been combined with preventive-occupational-environmental medicine; diagnostic roentgenology has been combined with radiology; and thoracic surgery has been combined with cardiothoracic surgery.

Abbreviation: OCC, Osteopathic Continuous Certification.

Table 1.
Certification Statistics, 2015a
American Osteopathic Board of Certification Tybeb Description New Certification OCC Completion Total Active Certifications
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 33 (2) 4 (<1) 636 (2)
Subspecialty Pain management 5 (<1) 0 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 0 0 5 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 42 (2) 42 (2) 522 (2)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 2 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Subspecialty Mohs micrographic surgery 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 28 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie dermatology 3 (<1) 0 6 (<1)
Emergency Medicine Primary Emergency medicine 346 (16) 152 (8) 2804 (9)
Subspecialty Emergency medical services 0 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Medical toxicology 2 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 9 (<1)
Family Physicians Primary Family medicine/OMPc 660 (30) 1023 (51) 12,073 (38)
CAQ Addiction medicined 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicined 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Correctional medicinee 3 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 9 (<1) 7 (<1) 305 (1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 28 (1) 0 223 (1)
CAQ Pain medicine 8 (<1) 0 21 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 10 (<1) 17 (1) 221 (1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 24 (<1)
Internal Medicine Primary Internal medicine 488 (22) 157 (8) 4059 (13)
Subspecialty Adult and pediatrie allergy and immunology 3 (<1) 1 (<1) 11 (<1)
Subspecialty Cardiac electrophysiology 0 4 (<1) 26 (<1)
Subspecialty Cardiology 32 (1) 21 (1) 488 (2)
Subspecialty Correctional medicinee 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 26 (1) 9 (<1) 160 (1)
Subspecialty Endocrinology 5 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
Subspecialty Gastroenterology 14 (1) 13 (1) 224 (1)
Subspecialty Geriatrics 0 9 (<1) 60 (<1)
Subspecialty Hematology 5 (<1) 2 (<1) 49 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 18 (1) 6 (<1) 118 (<1)
Subspecialty Infectious diseases 3 (<1) 2 (<1) 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Interventional cardiology 22 (1) 14 (1) 115 (<1)
Subspecialty Nephrology 6 (<1) 7 (<1) 137 (<1)
Subspecialty Oncology 6 (<1) 7 (<1) 108 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 2 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Pulmonary diseases 13 (1) 10 (<1) 214 (1)
Subspecialty Rheumatology 8 (<1) 1 (<1) 69 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 5 (<1) 57 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 3 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 4 (<1)
Neurology and Psychiatry Primary Neurology 16 (1) 19 (1) 252 (1)
Primary Psychiatry 22 (1) 18 (1) 314 (1)
Subspecialty Addiction medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child neurology 0 1 (<1) 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child psychiatry 3 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
Subspecialty Geriatric psychiatry 3 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 2 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Neurophysiology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 24 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 1 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 1 (<1) 20 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMMf 42 (2) 119 (6) 703 (2)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 1 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Primary Nuclear medicined 0 2 (<1) 22 (<1)
Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Obstetrics and gynecologyf 41 (2) 89 (4) 1272 (4)
Subspecialty Female pelvic medicine/reconstructive surgery 0 0 5 (<1)
Subspecialty Gynecologic oncology 0 1 (<1) 13 (<1)
Subspecialty Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 33 (<1)
Subspecialty Reproductive endocrinology 0 0 13 ((<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Primary Ophthalmology 18 (1) 9(<1) 364 (1)
Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgeryf 31 (1) 27(1) 479 (2)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 1(<1) 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Otolaryngic allergy 0 1(<1) 20 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery Primary Orthopedic surgery 51 (2) 67(3) 1268 (4)
Subspecialty Hand surgery 0 0 55 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 0 0 23 (<1)
Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicined 0 0 13 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Forensic pathology 0 0 4 (<1)
Pediatrics Primary Pediatrics 33 (2) 15(1) 562 (2)
Subspecialty Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 1 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Neonatology 1 (<1) 1(<1) 35 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie allergy and Immunology 0 0 6 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie endocrinology 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie pulmonologyd 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 26 (1) 7(<1) 245 (1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 3 (<1) 0 30 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 6 (<1)
Preventive Medicine Primary Preventive medicine-aerospace medicine 1 (<1) 3(<1) 37 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-public health 1 (<1) 1(<1) 36 (<1)
Primary Preventive-occupational-environmental medicinef 3 (<1) 4(<1) 93 (<1)
Subspecialty Correctional medicinee 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Occupational medicine 4 (<1) 0 49 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicined 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea hyperbaric medicine 0 1(<1) 6 (<1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 1 (<1) 0 25 (<1)
Radiology Primary Diagnostic radiologyf 27 (1) 27 (1) 728 (2)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 1 (<1) 19 (<1)
Subspecialty Angiography and interventional radiologyd 0 0 18 (<1)
Subspecialty Body imagingd 0 0 9 (<1)
Subspecialty Diagnostic ultrasoundd 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Neuroradiology 4 (<1) 3 (<1) 66 (<1)
Subspecialty Nuclear radiologyd 0 0 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie radiology 0 1 (<1) 20 (<1)
Subspecialty Radiation therapyd 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Vascular/interventional radiology 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 16 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgeryf 0 0 16 (<1)
Primary General vascular surgery 1 (<1) 3 (<1) 128 (<1)
Primary Neurological surgery 2 (<1) 4 (<1) 121 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 79 (<1)
Primary Surgery-general 8 (<1) 33 (2) 1107 (3)
Primary Thoracic cardiovascular surgeryd 0 1 (<1) 48 (<1)
Primary Urological surgery 2 (<1) 8 (<1) 215 (1)
Subspecialty Critical care 6 (<1) 5 (<1) 80 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Total 2176 2001 31,887

a Data are current as of December 31, 2015.

b In past years, the terms Certificate of Added Qualifications (CAQ) and Certification of Special Qualifications (CSQ) were used to distinguish subspecialty certifications. The term subspecialty is now used for all subspecialty examinations except those in family medicine, which still uses the term CAQ.

c Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).

d No longer issued.

f Specialties that are no longer offered but are equivalent to currently offered specialties have been combined as appropriate in this year’s table. These specialties are as follows: special proficiency in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) has been combined with neuromusculoskeletal medicine (NMM)/OMM; obstetric and gynecologic surgery has been combined with obstetrics and gynecology; facial plastic surgery, otolaryngology, and otorhinolaryngology have been combined with otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery; preventive-occupational medicine has been combined with preventive-occupational-environmental medicine; diagnostic roentgenology has been combined with radiology; and thoracic surgery has been combined with cardiothoracic surgery.

Abbreviation: OCC, Osteopathic Continuous Certification.

×
Since 2011, the number of active board certifications held has risen steadily (Figure). This number is expected to continue to rise in the future. 
Figure.
Active certifications held, 2011 to 2015. Certifications increased from 27,519 25 in 2011 to 31,887 in 2015.
Figure.
Active certifications held, 2011 to 2015. Certifications increased from 27,519 25 in 2011 to 31,887 in 2015.
Figure.
Active certifications held, 2011 to 2015. Certifications increased from 27,519 25 in 2011 to 31,887 in 2015.
Figure.
Active certifications held, 2011 to 2015. Certifications increased from 27,519 25 in 2011 to 31,887 in 2015.
Table 1.
Certification Statistics, 2015a
American Osteopathic Board of Certification Tybeb Description New Certification OCC Completion Total Active Certifications
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 33 (2) 4 (<1) 636 (2)
Subspecialty Pain management 5 (<1) 0 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 0 0 5 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 42 (2) 42 (2) 522 (2)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 2 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Subspecialty Mohs micrographic surgery 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 28 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie dermatology 3 (<1) 0 6 (<1)
Emergency Medicine Primary Emergency medicine 346 (16) 152 (8) 2804 (9)
Subspecialty Emergency medical services 0 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Medical toxicology 2 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 9 (<1)
Family Physicians Primary Family medicine/OMPc 660 (30) 1023 (51) 12,073 (38)
CAQ Addiction medicined 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicined 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Correctional medicinee 3 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 9 (<1) 7 (<1) 305 (1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 28 (1) 0 223 (1)
CAQ Pain medicine 8 (<1) 0 21 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 10 (<1) 17 (1) 221 (1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 24 (<1)
Internal Medicine Primary Internal medicine 488 (22) 157 (8) 4059 (13)
Subspecialty Adult and pediatrie allergy and immunology 3 (<1) 1 (<1) 11 (<1)
Subspecialty Cardiac electrophysiology 0 4 (<1) 26 (<1)
Subspecialty Cardiology 32 (1) 21 (1) 488 (2)
Subspecialty Correctional medicinee 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 26 (1) 9 (<1) 160 (1)
Subspecialty Endocrinology 5 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
Subspecialty Gastroenterology 14 (1) 13 (1) 224 (1)
Subspecialty Geriatrics 0 9 (<1) 60 (<1)
Subspecialty Hematology 5 (<1) 2 (<1) 49 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 18 (1) 6 (<1) 118 (<1)
Subspecialty Infectious diseases 3 (<1) 2 (<1) 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Interventional cardiology 22 (1) 14 (1) 115 (<1)
Subspecialty Nephrology 6 (<1) 7 (<1) 137 (<1)
Subspecialty Oncology 6 (<1) 7 (<1) 108 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 2 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Pulmonary diseases 13 (1) 10 (<1) 214 (1)
Subspecialty Rheumatology 8 (<1) 1 (<1) 69 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 5 (<1) 57 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 3 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 4 (<1)
Neurology and Psychiatry Primary Neurology 16 (1) 19 (1) 252 (1)
Primary Psychiatry 22 (1) 18 (1) 314 (1)
Subspecialty Addiction medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child neurology 0 1 (<1) 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child psychiatry 3 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
Subspecialty Geriatric psychiatry 3 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 2 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Neurophysiology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 24 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 1 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 1 (<1) 20 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMMf 42 (2) 119 (6) 703 (2)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 1 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Primary Nuclear medicined 0 2 (<1) 22 (<1)
Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Obstetrics and gynecologyf 41 (2) 89 (4) 1272 (4)
Subspecialty Female pelvic medicine/reconstructive surgery 0 0 5 (<1)
Subspecialty Gynecologic oncology 0 1 (<1) 13 (<1)
Subspecialty Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 33 (<1)
Subspecialty Reproductive endocrinology 0 0 13 ((<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Primary Ophthalmology 18 (1) 9(<1) 364 (1)
Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgeryf 31 (1) 27(1) 479 (2)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 1(<1) 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Otolaryngic allergy 0 1(<1) 20 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery Primary Orthopedic surgery 51 (2) 67(3) 1268 (4)
Subspecialty Hand surgery 0 0 55 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 0 0 23 (<1)
Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicined 0 0 13 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Forensic pathology 0 0 4 (<1)
Pediatrics Primary Pediatrics 33 (2) 15(1) 562 (2)
Subspecialty Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 1 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Neonatology 1 (<1) 1(<1) 35 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie allergy and Immunology 0 0 6 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie endocrinology 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie pulmonologyd 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 26 (1) 7(<1) 245 (1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 3 (<1) 0 30 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 6 (<1)
Preventive Medicine Primary Preventive medicine-aerospace medicine 1 (<1) 3(<1) 37 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-public health 1 (<1) 1(<1) 36 (<1)
Primary Preventive-occupational-environmental medicinef 3 (<1) 4(<1) 93 (<1)
Subspecialty Correctional medicinee 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Occupational medicine 4 (<1) 0 49 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicined 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea hyperbaric medicine 0 1(<1) 6 (<1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 1 (<1) 0 25 (<1)
Radiology Primary Diagnostic radiologyf 27 (1) 27 (1) 728 (2)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 1 (<1) 19 (<1)
Subspecialty Angiography and interventional radiologyd 0 0 18 (<1)
Subspecialty Body imagingd 0 0 9 (<1)
Subspecialty Diagnostic ultrasoundd 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Neuroradiology 4 (<1) 3 (<1) 66 (<1)
Subspecialty Nuclear radiologyd 0 0 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie radiology 0 1 (<1) 20 (<1)
Subspecialty Radiation therapyd 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Vascular/interventional radiology 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 16 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgeryf 0 0 16 (<1)
Primary General vascular surgery 1 (<1) 3 (<1) 128 (<1)
Primary Neurological surgery 2 (<1) 4 (<1) 121 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 79 (<1)
Primary Surgery-general 8 (<1) 33 (2) 1107 (3)
Primary Thoracic cardiovascular surgeryd 0 1 (<1) 48 (<1)
Primary Urological surgery 2 (<1) 8 (<1) 215 (1)
Subspecialty Critical care 6 (<1) 5 (<1) 80 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Total 2176 2001 31,887

a Data are current as of December 31, 2015.

b In past years, the terms Certificate of Added Qualifications (CAQ) and Certification of Special Qualifications (CSQ) were used to distinguish subspecialty certifications. The term subspecialty is now used for all subspecialty examinations except those in family medicine, which still uses the term CAQ.

c Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).

d No longer issued.

f Specialties that are no longer offered but are equivalent to currently offered specialties have been combined as appropriate in this year’s table. These specialties are as follows: special proficiency in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) has been combined with neuromusculoskeletal medicine (NMM)/OMM; obstetric and gynecologic surgery has been combined with obstetrics and gynecology; facial plastic surgery, otolaryngology, and otorhinolaryngology have been combined with otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery; preventive-occupational medicine has been combined with preventive-occupational-environmental medicine; diagnostic roentgenology has been combined with radiology; and thoracic surgery has been combined with cardiothoracic surgery.

Abbreviation: OCC, Osteopathic Continuous Certification.

Table 1.
Certification Statistics, 2015a
American Osteopathic Board of Certification Tybeb Description New Certification OCC Completion Total Active Certifications
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 33 (2) 4 (<1) 636 (2)
Subspecialty Pain management 5 (<1) 0 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 0 0 5 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 42 (2) 42 (2) 522 (2)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 2 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Subspecialty Mohs micrographic surgery 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 28 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie dermatology 3 (<1) 0 6 (<1)
Emergency Medicine Primary Emergency medicine 346 (16) 152 (8) 2804 (9)
Subspecialty Emergency medical services 0 0 8 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Medical toxicology 2 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 9 (<1)
Family Physicians Primary Family medicine/OMPc 660 (30) 1023 (51) 12,073 (38)
CAQ Addiction medicined 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicined 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Correctional medicinee 3 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 9 (<1) 7 (<1) 305 (1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 28 (1) 0 223 (1)
CAQ Pain medicine 8 (<1) 0 21 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 10 (<1) 17 (1) 221 (1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 24 (<1)
Internal Medicine Primary Internal medicine 488 (22) 157 (8) 4059 (13)
Subspecialty Adult and pediatrie allergy and immunology 3 (<1) 1 (<1) 11 (<1)
Subspecialty Cardiac electrophysiology 0 4 (<1) 26 (<1)
Subspecialty Cardiology 32 (1) 21 (1) 488 (2)
Subspecialty Correctional medicinee 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Critical care 26 (1) 9 (<1) 160 (1)
Subspecialty Endocrinology 5 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
Subspecialty Gastroenterology 14 (1) 13 (1) 224 (1)
Subspecialty Geriatrics 0 9 (<1) 60 (<1)
Subspecialty Hematology 5 (<1) 2 (<1) 49 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 18 (1) 6 (<1) 118 (<1)
Subspecialty Infectious diseases 3 (<1) 2 (<1) 73 (<1)
Subspecialty Interventional cardiology 22 (1) 14 (1) 115 (<1)
Subspecialty Nephrology 6 (<1) 7 (<1) 137 (<1)
Subspecialty Oncology 6 (<1) 7 (<1) 108 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 2 (<1) 0 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Pulmonary diseases 13 (1) 10 (<1) 214 (1)
Subspecialty Rheumatology 8 (<1) 1 (<1) 69 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 5 (<1) 57 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 3 (<1) 0 10 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 4 (<1)
Neurology and Psychiatry Primary Neurology 16 (1) 19 (1) 252 (1)
Primary Psychiatry 22 (1) 18 (1) 314 (1)
Subspecialty Addiction medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child neurology 0 1 (<1) 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Child psychiatry 3 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
Subspecialty Geriatric psychiatry 3 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 2 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Neurophysiology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 24 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 1 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 1 (<1) 20 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMMf 42 (2) 119 (6) 703 (2)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 1 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Primary Nuclear medicined 0 2 (<1) 22 (<1)
Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Obstetrics and gynecologyf 41 (2) 89 (4) 1272 (4)
Subspecialty Female pelvic medicine/reconstructive surgery 0 0 5 (<1)
Subspecialty Gynecologic oncology 0 1 (<1) 13 (<1)
Subspecialty Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 33 (<1)
Subspecialty Reproductive endocrinology 0 0 13 ((<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Primary Ophthalmology 18 (1) 9(<1) 364 (1)
Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgeryf 31 (1) 27(1) 479 (2)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 1(<1) 7 (<1)
Subspecialty Otolaryngic allergy 0 1(<1) 20 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery Primary Orthopedic surgery 51 (2) 67(3) 1268 (4)
Subspecialty Hand surgery 0 0 55 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 0 0 23 (<1)
Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicined 0 0 13 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Subspecialty Dermatopathology 0 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Forensic pathology 0 0 4 (<1)
Pediatrics Primary Pediatrics 33 (2) 15(1) 562 (2)
Subspecialty Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 1 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Subspecialty Neonatology 1 (<1) 1(<1) 35 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie allergy and Immunology 0 0 6 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie endocrinology 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie pulmonologyd 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Sleep medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 26 (1) 7(<1) 245 (1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Pain medicine 3 (<1) 0 30 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicine 1 (<1) 0 6 (<1)
Preventive Medicine Primary Preventive medicine-aerospace medicine 1 (<1) 3(<1) 37 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-public health 1 (<1) 1(<1) 36 (<1)
Primary Preventive-occupational-environmental medicinef 3 (<1) 4(<1) 93 (<1)
Subspecialty Correctional medicinee 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Occupational medicine 4 (<1) 0 49 (<1)
Subspecialty Sports medicined 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea hyperbaric medicine 0 1(<1) 6 (<1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 1 (<1) 0 25 (<1)
Radiology Primary Diagnostic radiologyf 27 (1) 27 (1) 728 (2)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 1 (<1) 19 (<1)
Subspecialty Angiography and interventional radiologyd 0 0 18 (<1)
Subspecialty Body imagingd 0 0 9 (<1)
Subspecialty Diagnostic ultrasoundd 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Neuroradiology 4 (<1) 3 (<1) 66 (<1)
Subspecialty Nuclear radiologyd 0 0 4 (<1)
Subspecialty Pediatrie radiology 0 1 (<1) 20 (<1)
Subspecialty Radiation therapyd 0 0 1 (<1)
Subspecialty Vascular/interventional radiology 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 16 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgeryf 0 0 16 (<1)
Primary General vascular surgery 1 (<1) 3 (<1) 128 (<1)
Primary Neurological surgery 2 (<1) 4 (<1) 121 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 79 (<1)
Primary Surgery-general 8 (<1) 33 (2) 1107 (3)
Primary Thoracic cardiovascular surgeryd 0 1 (<1) 48 (<1)
Primary Urological surgery 2 (<1) 8 (<1) 215 (1)
Subspecialty Critical care 6 (<1) 5 (<1) 80 (<1)
Subspecialty Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Subspecialty Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Total 2176 2001 31,887

a Data are current as of December 31, 2015.

b In past years, the terms Certificate of Added Qualifications (CAQ) and Certification of Special Qualifications (CSQ) were used to distinguish subspecialty certifications. The term subspecialty is now used for all subspecialty examinations except those in family medicine, which still uses the term CAQ.

c Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).

d No longer issued.

f Specialties that are no longer offered but are equivalent to currently offered specialties have been combined as appropriate in this year’s table. These specialties are as follows: special proficiency in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) has been combined with neuromusculoskeletal medicine (NMM)/OMM; obstetric and gynecologic surgery has been combined with obstetrics and gynecology; facial plastic surgery, otolaryngology, and otorhinolaryngology have been combined with otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery; preventive-occupational medicine has been combined with preventive-occupational-environmental medicine; diagnostic roentgenology has been combined with radiology; and thoracic surgery has been combined with cardiothoracic surgery.

Abbreviation: OCC, Osteopathic Continuous Certification.

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