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Appendix  |   April 2016
Appendix 1: Osteopathic Graduate Medical Education, 2016
Author Notes
  • From the Department of Education at the American Osteopathic Association in Chicago, Illinois. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Bulmaro Martinez, MPH, American Osteopathic Association, 142 E Ontario St, Chicago, IL 60611-2864. E-mail: bmartinez@osteopathic.org
     
Article Information
Medical Education / Graduate Medical Education
Appendix   |   April 2016
Appendix 1: Osteopathic Graduate Medical Education, 2016
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2016, Vol. 116, 256-262. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.050
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2016, Vol. 116, 256-262. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.050
The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Department of Education maintains historical annual data on approved, funded, and filled AOA positions, as reported by the National Matching Services (an AOA vendor) and the Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit (TIVRA) system. The current appendix includes an update for the 2014-2015 academic year. The AOA does not finalize postdoctoral training data until May of each calendar year. Trends and information on training slots from the AOA Match are also summarized. 
Approved positions are the number of training slots awarded to a program by the Program and Trainee Review Council upon initial accreditation or through a request for an increase or decrease submitted by an already established program. Filled positions are the number of those approved training slots that are actually used to accommodate a trainee enrolled in the program. Growth in programs and positions is primarily a result of new programs at new hospitals and the expansion of other specialties at institutions with already established AOA residencies. 
The Figure depicts trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs between academic years 2005-2006 and 20142015. The number of DOs in Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education postdoctoral programs, total DOs in AOA internship and residency programs, and osteopathic medical school graduates all show continued steady growth between 2008-2009 and 2014-2015. 
Figure.
Trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Osteopathic physicians in dually accredited programs are included in DOs in AOA [American Osteopathic Association] residency programs and total DOs in AOA internship and residency programs. Data may change and should be considered incomplete until finalized in the 2016 osteopathic medical education issue of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA). Data for academic years 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 were previously published in the JAOA. a Total COM [college of osteopathic medicine] graduates does not include previous years’ graduates. bTotal DOs in AOA internships includes trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. Restructuring of the AOA internship, effective July 1, 2008. Abbreviation: ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Figure.
Trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Osteopathic physicians in dually accredited programs are included in DOs in AOA [American Osteopathic Association] residency programs and total DOs in AOA internship and residency programs. Data may change and should be considered incomplete until finalized in the 2016 osteopathic medical education issue of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA). Data for academic years 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 were previously published in the JAOA. a Total COM [college of osteopathic medicine] graduates does not include previous years’ graduates. bTotal DOs in AOA internships includes trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. Restructuring of the AOA internship, effective July 1, 2008. Abbreviation: ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Table 1 illustrates the distribution of AOA residency and internship programs and trainees filling available positions by state. Compared with the previous year, the following 10 states increased their number of trainees by more than 25%: Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Massachusetts, Montana, South Carolina, Utah, Washington, and West Virginia. In addition, the following 5 states have the greatest number of programs, positions, and trainees: Florida, Michigan, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Twenty-four states had a growth in the number of programs, with the District of Columbia sponsoring its first AOA residency program since 1980. 
Table 1.
Number of AOA-Approved Residency and Internship Programs and Trainees Filling Available Positions as Reported by State, 2014-2015 Academic Yeara
State Internship Programs Residency Programsb Total
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
  Alabama 0 0 0 4 63 2 4 63 2
  Alaska 0 0 0 1 17 6 1 17 6
  Arizona 0 0 0 14 147 97 14 147 97
  Arkansas 0 0 0 4 70 7 4 70 7
  California 6 57 29 36 496 255 42 553 284
  Colorado 1 8 0 10 148 65 11 156 65
  Connecticut 2 18 8 3 38 26 5 56 34
  District of Columbia 0 0 0 1 18 11 1 18 11
  Delaware 1 15 12 1 24 11 2 39 23
  Florida 9 142 79 97 1208 835 106 1350 914
  Georgia 1 4 2 7 74 46 8 78 48
  Idaho 0 0 0 1 12 3 1 12 3
  Illinois 2 20 10 43 484 385 45 504 395
  Indiana 0 0 0 4 45 24 4 45 24
  Iowa 0 0 0 7 82 50 7 82 50
  Kansas 0 0 0 1 20 21 1 20 21
  Kentucky 2 14 6 10 117 42 12 131 48
  Maine 0 0 0 7 78 42 7 78 42
  Massachusetts 1 4 4 4 37 17 5 41 21
  Michigan 18 182 60 211 2378 1648 229 2560 1708
  Minnesota 0 0 0 1 8 7 1 8 7
  Mississippi 0 0 0 5 66 29 5 66 29
  Missouri 3 15 4 38 391 120 41 406 124
  Montana 0 0 0 2 22 9 2 22 9
  Nevada 1 10 5 8 104 81 9 114 86
  New Jersey 7 103 64 77 965 592 84 1068 656
  New Mexico 0 0 0 2 36 0 2 36 0
  New York 17 219 104 99 1250 714 116 1469 818
  North Carolina 4 38 0 16 286 51 20 324 51
  Ohio 8 87 33 109 1149 771 117 1236 804
  Oklahoma 2 16 10 45 495 298 47 511 308
  Oregon 1 12 11 12 124 85 13 136 96
  Pennsylvania 23 184 93 119 1499 1002 142 1683 1095
  Rhode Island 0 0 0 5 60 46 5 60 46
  South Carolina 0 0 0 2 32 19 2 32 19
  Tennessee 0 0 0 2 28 16 2 28 16
  Texas 2 24 4 24 263 152 26 287 156
  Utah 0 0 0 3 57 3 3 57 3
  Virginia 3 27 15 17 278 188 20 305 203
  Washington 0 0 0 10 131 84 10 131 84
  West Virginia 5 33 15 19 204 135 24 237 150
  Wisconsin 0 0 0 3 78 55 3 78 55
  Wyoming 0 0 0 2 21 8 2 21 8
  Total 119 1232 568 1086 13,103 8058 1205 14,335 8626

a Data shown represent positions approved by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Program and Trainee Review Council and are not necessarily all funded. Data are current as of May 31, 2015. No internship or residency programs were approved by the AOA during the 2014-2015 academic year in the following states: Hawaii, Louisiana, Maryland, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Vermont.

b Residency data include fellowship programs, positions, and trainees.

Source: Training Programs by State: Year-End Reports, Division of Postdoctoral Training, AOA, Chicago, Illinois.

Table 1.
Number of AOA-Approved Residency and Internship Programs and Trainees Filling Available Positions as Reported by State, 2014-2015 Academic Yeara
State Internship Programs Residency Programsb Total
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
  Alabama 0 0 0 4 63 2 4 63 2
  Alaska 0 0 0 1 17 6 1 17 6
  Arizona 0 0 0 14 147 97 14 147 97
  Arkansas 0 0 0 4 70 7 4 70 7
  California 6 57 29 36 496 255 42 553 284
  Colorado 1 8 0 10 148 65 11 156 65
  Connecticut 2 18 8 3 38 26 5 56 34
  District of Columbia 0 0 0 1 18 11 1 18 11
  Delaware 1 15 12 1 24 11 2 39 23
  Florida 9 142 79 97 1208 835 106 1350 914
  Georgia 1 4 2 7 74 46 8 78 48
  Idaho 0 0 0 1 12 3 1 12 3
  Illinois 2 20 10 43 484 385 45 504 395
  Indiana 0 0 0 4 45 24 4 45 24
  Iowa 0 0 0 7 82 50 7 82 50
  Kansas 0 0 0 1 20 21 1 20 21
  Kentucky 2 14 6 10 117 42 12 131 48
  Maine 0 0 0 7 78 42 7 78 42
  Massachusetts 1 4 4 4 37 17 5 41 21
  Michigan 18 182 60 211 2378 1648 229 2560 1708
  Minnesota 0 0 0 1 8 7 1 8 7
  Mississippi 0 0 0 5 66 29 5 66 29
  Missouri 3 15 4 38 391 120 41 406 124
  Montana 0 0 0 2 22 9 2 22 9
  Nevada 1 10 5 8 104 81 9 114 86
  New Jersey 7 103 64 77 965 592 84 1068 656
  New Mexico 0 0 0 2 36 0 2 36 0
  New York 17 219 104 99 1250 714 116 1469 818
  North Carolina 4 38 0 16 286 51 20 324 51
  Ohio 8 87 33 109 1149 771 117 1236 804
  Oklahoma 2 16 10 45 495 298 47 511 308
  Oregon 1 12 11 12 124 85 13 136 96
  Pennsylvania 23 184 93 119 1499 1002 142 1683 1095
  Rhode Island 0 0 0 5 60 46 5 60 46
  South Carolina 0 0 0 2 32 19 2 32 19
  Tennessee 0 0 0 2 28 16 2 28 16
  Texas 2 24 4 24 263 152 26 287 156
  Utah 0 0 0 3 57 3 3 57 3
  Virginia 3 27 15 17 278 188 20 305 203
  Washington 0 0 0 10 131 84 10 131 84
  West Virginia 5 33 15 19 204 135 24 237 150
  Wisconsin 0 0 0 3 78 55 3 78 55
  Wyoming 0 0 0 2 21 8 2 21 8
  Total 119 1232 568 1086 13,103 8058 1205 14,335 8626

a Data shown represent positions approved by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Program and Trainee Review Council and are not necessarily all funded. Data are current as of May 31, 2015. No internship or residency programs were approved by the AOA during the 2014-2015 academic year in the following states: Hawaii, Louisiana, Maryland, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Vermont.

b Residency data include fellowship programs, positions, and trainees.

Source: Training Programs by State: Year-End Reports, Division of Postdoctoral Training, AOA, Chicago, Illinois.

×
Table 2 shows the number of AOA-approved residency and fellowship programs and their approved and filled positions as reported by academic year and specialty. Forty-seven percent of residents are in the primary care specialties of family medicine (27%) and internal medicine (20%) for 2014-2015. 
Table 2.
No. of AOA-Approved Residency Programs and Approved and Filled Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialtya
Specialty  2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015
Programs Positions Residents Programs Positions Residents Programs Positions Residents
 Anesthesiology 13 139 117 13 139 118 14 151 116
  Anesthesiology and pain management 3 6 2 3 6 2 3 6 2
  Pediatric anesthesiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 1
 Dermatology 30 176 114 30 179 125 31 209 136
  Mohs micrographic surgery 3 4 1 3 4 3 4 5 2
  Pediatric dermatology NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 2 0
 Diagnostic Radiology 17 199 127 17 195 128 16 187 114
  Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
  Vascular and interventional radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
 Emergency Medicine 50 1203 919 50 1215 953 59 1373 976
  Emergency medical service 2 3 0 2 3 1 1 1 1
 Family Medicine 215 3040 1731 227 3334 1982 252 3708 2170
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 13 40 8 15 46 7 15 46 5
 Internal Medicine 114 1967 1278 121 2223 1494 137 2728 1654
  Cardiac electrophysiology 2 5 0 2 5 0 1 3 0
  Cardiology 26 174 110 27 178 129 29 193 136
  Cardiology (interventional) 13 30 9 13 29 11 13 28 11
  Critical care medicine 6 23 9 7 27 6 7 27 11
  Endocrinology 5 12 5 5 13 6 6 17 6
  Gastroenterology 17 86 51 18 85 56 20 101 67
Geriatrics (internal medicine)  6 21 1 11 36 1 9 30 0
  Hematology and oncology 7 24 13 7 24 14 6 21 16
  Infectious diseases 4 16 3 4 16 4 5 20 6
  Nephrology 8 22 13 8 22 11 10 29 9
  Oncology 2 6 1 2 6 2 2 7 2
  Pulmonary (critical care) 10 44 26 11 50 30 13 66 32
  Pulmonary medicine 3 7 2 3 7 0 2 4 0
  Rheumatology 5 16 8 4 12 9 4 12 10
  Transplant hepatology NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
 Neurology 9 96 64 9 96 64 11 126 70
 NMM/OMM 7 38 18 8 43 18 9 46 20
  NMM plus 1 23 75 27 26 83 25 27 86 22
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 30 375 296 33 409 300 34 421 314
  Female pelvic medicine 1 3 0 1 3 0 2 4 1
  Gynecological oncology 3 9 8 3 9 9 3 9 7
  Maternal and fetal medicine 5 16 8 5 17 12 5 18 16
  Reproductive endocrinology 3 9 1 3 9 1 3 9 1
 Ophthalmology 15 71 55 15 71 56 15 82 56
 Orthopedic Surgery 40 596 464 39 590 492 44 676 498
  Hand surgery 1 3 1 1 3 0 1 3 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
 Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 19 139 121 19 139 121 21 154 111
  Otolaryngic allergy 3 9 1 3 9 2 3 9 1
 Pathology NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology 1 1 0 1 1 0 NA NA NA
 Pediatrics 19 283 170 20 292 187 22 328 200
 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 5 61 30 6 67 37 6 70 44
 Preventive Medicine and Public Health 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 1
 Proctology 2 5 2 2 5 2 2 5 2
 Psychiatry 16 242 94 20 294 133 25 376 163
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 4 18 6 4 18 8 5 22 7
  Forensic psychiatry 1 4 0 1 4 0 1 4 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 2 6 0 2 6 1 2 6 0
 Surgery (General) 51 765 554 53 809 586 59 932 602
  Cardiothoracic surgery 1 9 0 1 9 0 1 9 0
  Critical care surgery 3 7 1 5 13 2 5 13 3
  General vascular surgery 8 19 5 8 18 12 8 19 12
  Neurologic surgery 11 114 95 10 108 97 12 131 95
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 7 26 15 8 29 14 8 32 16
  Urologic surgery 10 108 95 10 107 92 11 123 94
 Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 4 53 45 3 52 43 3 52 42
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine 11 122 74 11 122 76 9 105 71
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 8 64 38 9 72 40 9 72 43
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 1 4 1 1 4 2 1 4 3
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 1 10 7 1 10 7 1 10 6
 Conjointb
  Addiction medicine 1 6 6 1 6 3 1 6 0
  Adult/pediatric allergy and Immunology 2 10 5 2 10 8 2 10 10
  Correctional medicine 1 4 0 2 6 0 2 6 0
  Dermatopathology 1 2 0 2 4 2 2 4 2
  Hospice and palliative medicine 7 17 2 12 28 6 15 34 7
  Pain medicine 1 5 0 1 5 4 1 5 2
  Pediatric emergency medicine 2 12 0 2 12 0 2 12 0
  Sleep medicine 2 8 4 2 8 1 2 8 2
  Sports medicine 20 57 19 23 64 25 24 71 30
Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 2 1 1 2 0 1 2 0
 Total 942 10,759 6883 998 11,535 7582 1086 13,103 8058

a Approved positions are not necessarily funded. Data include fellowship programs, positions, and residents.

b Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and the AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit (TIVRA) system, academic year 2014-2015. Data for the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 academic years have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Table 2.
No. of AOA-Approved Residency Programs and Approved and Filled Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialtya
Specialty  2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015
Programs Positions Residents Programs Positions Residents Programs Positions Residents
 Anesthesiology 13 139 117 13 139 118 14 151 116
  Anesthesiology and pain management 3 6 2 3 6 2 3 6 2
  Pediatric anesthesiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 1
 Dermatology 30 176 114 30 179 125 31 209 136
  Mohs micrographic surgery 3 4 1 3 4 3 4 5 2
  Pediatric dermatology NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 2 0
 Diagnostic Radiology 17 199 127 17 195 128 16 187 114
  Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
  Vascular and interventional radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
 Emergency Medicine 50 1203 919 50 1215 953 59 1373 976
  Emergency medical service 2 3 0 2 3 1 1 1 1
 Family Medicine 215 3040 1731 227 3334 1982 252 3708 2170
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 13 40 8 15 46 7 15 46 5
 Internal Medicine 114 1967 1278 121 2223 1494 137 2728 1654
  Cardiac electrophysiology 2 5 0 2 5 0 1 3 0
  Cardiology 26 174 110 27 178 129 29 193 136
  Cardiology (interventional) 13 30 9 13 29 11 13 28 11
  Critical care medicine 6 23 9 7 27 6 7 27 11
  Endocrinology 5 12 5 5 13 6 6 17 6
  Gastroenterology 17 86 51 18 85 56 20 101 67
Geriatrics (internal medicine)  6 21 1 11 36 1 9 30 0
  Hematology and oncology 7 24 13 7 24 14 6 21 16
  Infectious diseases 4 16 3 4 16 4 5 20 6
  Nephrology 8 22 13 8 22 11 10 29 9
  Oncology 2 6 1 2 6 2 2 7 2
  Pulmonary (critical care) 10 44 26 11 50 30 13 66 32
  Pulmonary medicine 3 7 2 3 7 0 2 4 0
  Rheumatology 5 16 8 4 12 9 4 12 10
  Transplant hepatology NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
 Neurology 9 96 64 9 96 64 11 126 70
 NMM/OMM 7 38 18 8 43 18 9 46 20
  NMM plus 1 23 75 27 26 83 25 27 86 22
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 30 375 296 33 409 300 34 421 314
  Female pelvic medicine 1 3 0 1 3 0 2 4 1
  Gynecological oncology 3 9 8 3 9 9 3 9 7
  Maternal and fetal medicine 5 16 8 5 17 12 5 18 16
  Reproductive endocrinology 3 9 1 3 9 1 3 9 1
 Ophthalmology 15 71 55 15 71 56 15 82 56
 Orthopedic Surgery 40 596 464 39 590 492 44 676 498
  Hand surgery 1 3 1 1 3 0 1 3 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
 Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 19 139 121 19 139 121 21 154 111
  Otolaryngic allergy 3 9 1 3 9 2 3 9 1
 Pathology NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology 1 1 0 1 1 0 NA NA NA
 Pediatrics 19 283 170 20 292 187 22 328 200
 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 5 61 30 6 67 37 6 70 44
 Preventive Medicine and Public Health 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 1
 Proctology 2 5 2 2 5 2 2 5 2
 Psychiatry 16 242 94 20 294 133 25 376 163
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 4 18 6 4 18 8 5 22 7
  Forensic psychiatry 1 4 0 1 4 0 1 4 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 2 6 0 2 6 1 2 6 0
 Surgery (General) 51 765 554 53 809 586 59 932 602
  Cardiothoracic surgery 1 9 0 1 9 0 1 9 0
  Critical care surgery 3 7 1 5 13 2 5 13 3
  General vascular surgery 8 19 5 8 18 12 8 19 12
  Neurologic surgery 11 114 95 10 108 97 12 131 95
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 7 26 15 8 29 14 8 32 16
  Urologic surgery 10 108 95 10 107 92 11 123 94
 Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 4 53 45 3 52 43 3 52 42
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine 11 122 74 11 122 76 9 105 71
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 8 64 38 9 72 40 9 72 43
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 1 4 1 1 4 2 1 4 3
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 1 10 7 1 10 7 1 10 6
 Conjointb
  Addiction medicine 1 6 6 1 6 3 1 6 0
  Adult/pediatric allergy and Immunology 2 10 5 2 10 8 2 10 10
  Correctional medicine 1 4 0 2 6 0 2 6 0
  Dermatopathology 1 2 0 2 4 2 2 4 2
  Hospice and palliative medicine 7 17 2 12 28 6 15 34 7
  Pain medicine 1 5 0 1 5 4 1 5 2
  Pediatric emergency medicine 2 12 0 2 12 0 2 12 0
  Sleep medicine 2 8 4 2 8 1 2 8 2
  Sports medicine 20 57 19 23 64 25 24 71 30
Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 2 1 1 2 0 1 2 0
 Total 942 10,759 6883 998 11,535 7582 1086 13,103 8058

a Approved positions are not necessarily funded. Data include fellowship programs, positions, and residents.

b Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and the AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit (TIVRA) system, academic year 2014-2015. Data for the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 academic years have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

×
Table 3 depicts the net growth from 2013-2014 to 2014-2015 academic years of the AOA-approved residency and fellowship programs and approved and filled positions by specialty. Family medicine and internal medicine have experienced the greatest amount of growth since academic year 2013-2014. Family medicine grew by 374 positions and internal medicine grew by 505 positions. General surgery and orthopedic surgery also had considerable growth in the number of positions, with 123 and 86 positions, respectively. 
Table 3.
Net Growth From the 2013-2014 to 2014-2015 Academic Years of AOA-Approved Residency Programs and Approved and Filled Positions as Reported by Specialtya
Specialty No.
Programs Positions Residents
 Anesthesiology 1 12 −2
  Anesthesiology and pain management 0 0 0
  Pediatric anesthesiology 0 0 1
 Dermatology 1 30 11
  Mohs micrographic surgery 1 1 −1
 Diagnostic radiology −1 −8 −14
  Pediatric radiology 0 0 0
  Vascular/interventional radiology 0 0 0
 Emergency Medicine 9 158 23
  Emergency medical service −1 −2 0
 Family Medicine 25 374 188
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 0 0 −2
 Internal Medicine 16 505 160
  Cardiac electrophysiology −1 −2 0
  Cardiology 2 15 7
  Cardiology (interventional) 0 −1 0
  Critical care medicine 0 0 5
  Endocrinology 1 4 0
  Gastroenterology 2 16 11
  Geriatrics (internal medicine) −2 −6 −1
  Hematology and oncology −1 −3 2
  Infectious diseases 1 4 2
  Nephrology 2 7 −2
  Oncology 0 1 0
  Pulmonary (critical care) 2 16 2
  Pulmonary medicine −1 −3 0
  Rheumatology 0 0 1
  Transplant hepatology 0 0 0
 Neurology 2 30 6
 NMM/OMM 1 3 2
  NMM plus 1 1 3 −3
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 1 12 14
  Female pelvic medicine 1 1 1
  Gynecologic oncology 0 0 5
  Maternal and fetal medicine 0 1 4
  Reproductive endocrinology 0 0 0
 Ophthalmology 0 11 0
 Orthopedic Surgery 5 86 6
  Hand surgery 0 0 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 0 0 0
 Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 2 15 −10
  Otolaryngic allergy 0 0 −1
 Pathology NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology −1 −1 0
 Pediatrics 2 36 13
 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 0 3 7
 Preventive Medicine and Public Health 0 0 −1
 Proctology 0 0 0
 Psychiatry 5 82 30
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 1 4 −1
  Forensic psychiatry 0 0 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 0 0 −1
 Surgery (General) 6 123 16
  Cardiothoracic surgery 0 0 0
  Critical care surgery 0 0 1
  General vascular surgery 0 1 0
  Neurologic surgery 2 23 −2
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 0 3 2
  Urologic surgery 1 16 2
Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 0 0 −1
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine −2 −17 −5
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 0 0 3
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 0 0 1
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 0 0 −1
Conjointa
  Addiction medicine 0 0 −3
  Adult and pediatric allergy/immunology 0 0 2
  Correctional medicine 0 0 0
  Dermato pathology 0 0 0
  Hospice and palliative care 3 6 1
  Pain medicine 0 0 −2
  Pediatric emergency medicine 0 0 0
  Sleep medicine 0 0 1
  Sports medicine 1 7 5
  Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 0
 Total 89 1569 483

a Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain Medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and the AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit (TIVRA) system, academic year 2014-2015. Data for the 2013-2014 academic year have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Table 3.
Net Growth From the 2013-2014 to 2014-2015 Academic Years of AOA-Approved Residency Programs and Approved and Filled Positions as Reported by Specialtya
Specialty No.
Programs Positions Residents
 Anesthesiology 1 12 −2
  Anesthesiology and pain management 0 0 0
  Pediatric anesthesiology 0 0 1
 Dermatology 1 30 11
  Mohs micrographic surgery 1 1 −1
 Diagnostic radiology −1 −8 −14
  Pediatric radiology 0 0 0
  Vascular/interventional radiology 0 0 0
 Emergency Medicine 9 158 23
  Emergency medical service −1 −2 0
 Family Medicine 25 374 188
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 0 0 −2
 Internal Medicine 16 505 160
  Cardiac electrophysiology −1 −2 0
  Cardiology 2 15 7
  Cardiology (interventional) 0 −1 0
  Critical care medicine 0 0 5
  Endocrinology 1 4 0
  Gastroenterology 2 16 11
  Geriatrics (internal medicine) −2 −6 −1
  Hematology and oncology −1 −3 2
  Infectious diseases 1 4 2
  Nephrology 2 7 −2
  Oncology 0 1 0
  Pulmonary (critical care) 2 16 2
  Pulmonary medicine −1 −3 0
  Rheumatology 0 0 1
  Transplant hepatology 0 0 0
 Neurology 2 30 6
 NMM/OMM 1 3 2
  NMM plus 1 1 3 −3
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 1 12 14
  Female pelvic medicine 1 1 1
  Gynecologic oncology 0 0 5
  Maternal and fetal medicine 0 1 4
  Reproductive endocrinology 0 0 0
 Ophthalmology 0 11 0
 Orthopedic Surgery 5 86 6
  Hand surgery 0 0 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 0 0 0
 Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 2 15 −10
  Otolaryngic allergy 0 0 −1
 Pathology NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology −1 −1 0
 Pediatrics 2 36 13
 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 0 3 7
 Preventive Medicine and Public Health 0 0 −1
 Proctology 0 0 0
 Psychiatry 5 82 30
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 1 4 −1
  Forensic psychiatry 0 0 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 0 0 −1
 Surgery (General) 6 123 16
  Cardiothoracic surgery 0 0 0
  Critical care surgery 0 0 1
  General vascular surgery 0 1 0
  Neurologic surgery 2 23 −2
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 0 3 2
  Urologic surgery 1 16 2
Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 0 0 −1
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine −2 −17 −5
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 0 0 3
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 0 0 1
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 0 0 −1
Conjointa
  Addiction medicine 0 0 −3
  Adult and pediatric allergy/immunology 0 0 2
  Correctional medicine 0 0 0
  Dermato pathology 0 0 0
  Hospice and palliative care 3 6 1
  Pain medicine 0 0 −2
  Pediatric emergency medicine 0 0 0
  Sleep medicine 0 0 1
  Sports medicine 1 7 5
  Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 0
 Total 89 1569 483

a Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain Medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and the AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit (TIVRA) system, academic year 2014-2015. Data for the 2013-2014 academic year have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

×
The period of application for ACGME accreditation for current AOA-approved residency and fellowship programs began July 1, 2015. As of February 2016, 67 sponsoring institutions have applied for ACGME accreditation, 128 programs have applied for ACGME accreditation, and 31 programs have applied for osteopathic recognition. 
Figure.
Trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Osteopathic physicians in dually accredited programs are included in DOs in AOA [American Osteopathic Association] residency programs and total DOs in AOA internship and residency programs. Data may change and should be considered incomplete until finalized in the 2016 osteopathic medical education issue of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA). Data for academic years 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 were previously published in the JAOA. a Total COM [college of osteopathic medicine] graduates does not include previous years’ graduates. bTotal DOs in AOA internships includes trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. Restructuring of the AOA internship, effective July 1, 2008. Abbreviation: ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Figure.
Trends of osteopathic physician (ie, DO) enrollment in osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Osteopathic physicians in dually accredited programs are included in DOs in AOA [American Osteopathic Association] residency programs and total DOs in AOA internship and residency programs. Data may change and should be considered incomplete until finalized in the 2016 osteopathic medical education issue of The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA). Data for academic years 2005-2006 through 2013-2014 were previously published in the JAOA. a Total COM [college of osteopathic medicine] graduates does not include previous years’ graduates. bTotal DOs in AOA internships includes trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. Restructuring of the AOA internship, effective July 1, 2008. Abbreviation: ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Table 1.
Number of AOA-Approved Residency and Internship Programs and Trainees Filling Available Positions as Reported by State, 2014-2015 Academic Yeara
State Internship Programs Residency Programsb Total
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
  Alabama 0 0 0 4 63 2 4 63 2
  Alaska 0 0 0 1 17 6 1 17 6
  Arizona 0 0 0 14 147 97 14 147 97
  Arkansas 0 0 0 4 70 7 4 70 7
  California 6 57 29 36 496 255 42 553 284
  Colorado 1 8 0 10 148 65 11 156 65
  Connecticut 2 18 8 3 38 26 5 56 34
  District of Columbia 0 0 0 1 18 11 1 18 11
  Delaware 1 15 12 1 24 11 2 39 23
  Florida 9 142 79 97 1208 835 106 1350 914
  Georgia 1 4 2 7 74 46 8 78 48
  Idaho 0 0 0 1 12 3 1 12 3
  Illinois 2 20 10 43 484 385 45 504 395
  Indiana 0 0 0 4 45 24 4 45 24
  Iowa 0 0 0 7 82 50 7 82 50
  Kansas 0 0 0 1 20 21 1 20 21
  Kentucky 2 14 6 10 117 42 12 131 48
  Maine 0 0 0 7 78 42 7 78 42
  Massachusetts 1 4 4 4 37 17 5 41 21
  Michigan 18 182 60 211 2378 1648 229 2560 1708
  Minnesota 0 0 0 1 8 7 1 8 7
  Mississippi 0 0 0 5 66 29 5 66 29
  Missouri 3 15 4 38 391 120 41 406 124
  Montana 0 0 0 2 22 9 2 22 9
  Nevada 1 10 5 8 104 81 9 114 86
  New Jersey 7 103 64 77 965 592 84 1068 656
  New Mexico 0 0 0 2 36 0 2 36 0
  New York 17 219 104 99 1250 714 116 1469 818
  North Carolina 4 38 0 16 286 51 20 324 51
  Ohio 8 87 33 109 1149 771 117 1236 804
  Oklahoma 2 16 10 45 495 298 47 511 308
  Oregon 1 12 11 12 124 85 13 136 96
  Pennsylvania 23 184 93 119 1499 1002 142 1683 1095
  Rhode Island 0 0 0 5 60 46 5 60 46
  South Carolina 0 0 0 2 32 19 2 32 19
  Tennessee 0 0 0 2 28 16 2 28 16
  Texas 2 24 4 24 263 152 26 287 156
  Utah 0 0 0 3 57 3 3 57 3
  Virginia 3 27 15 17 278 188 20 305 203
  Washington 0 0 0 10 131 84 10 131 84
  West Virginia 5 33 15 19 204 135 24 237 150
  Wisconsin 0 0 0 3 78 55 3 78 55
  Wyoming 0 0 0 2 21 8 2 21 8
  Total 119 1232 568 1086 13,103 8058 1205 14,335 8626

a Data shown represent positions approved by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Program and Trainee Review Council and are not necessarily all funded. Data are current as of May 31, 2015. No internship or residency programs were approved by the AOA during the 2014-2015 academic year in the following states: Hawaii, Louisiana, Maryland, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Vermont.

b Residency data include fellowship programs, positions, and trainees.

Source: Training Programs by State: Year-End Reports, Division of Postdoctoral Training, AOA, Chicago, Illinois.

Table 1.
Number of AOA-Approved Residency and Internship Programs and Trainees Filling Available Positions as Reported by State, 2014-2015 Academic Yeara
State Internship Programs Residency Programsb Total
Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees Programs Positions Trainees
  Alabama 0 0 0 4 63 2 4 63 2
  Alaska 0 0 0 1 17 6 1 17 6
  Arizona 0 0 0 14 147 97 14 147 97
  Arkansas 0 0 0 4 70 7 4 70 7
  California 6 57 29 36 496 255 42 553 284
  Colorado 1 8 0 10 148 65 11 156 65
  Connecticut 2 18 8 3 38 26 5 56 34
  District of Columbia 0 0 0 1 18 11 1 18 11
  Delaware 1 15 12 1 24 11 2 39 23
  Florida 9 142 79 97 1208 835 106 1350 914
  Georgia 1 4 2 7 74 46 8 78 48
  Idaho 0 0 0 1 12 3 1 12 3
  Illinois 2 20 10 43 484 385 45 504 395
  Indiana 0 0 0 4 45 24 4 45 24
  Iowa 0 0 0 7 82 50 7 82 50
  Kansas 0 0 0 1 20 21 1 20 21
  Kentucky 2 14 6 10 117 42 12 131 48
  Maine 0 0 0 7 78 42 7 78 42
  Massachusetts 1 4 4 4 37 17 5 41 21
  Michigan 18 182 60 211 2378 1648 229 2560 1708
  Minnesota 0 0 0 1 8 7 1 8 7
  Mississippi 0 0 0 5 66 29 5 66 29
  Missouri 3 15 4 38 391 120 41 406 124
  Montana 0 0 0 2 22 9 2 22 9
  Nevada 1 10 5 8 104 81 9 114 86
  New Jersey 7 103 64 77 965 592 84 1068 656
  New Mexico 0 0 0 2 36 0 2 36 0
  New York 17 219 104 99 1250 714 116 1469 818
  North Carolina 4 38 0 16 286 51 20 324 51
  Ohio 8 87 33 109 1149 771 117 1236 804
  Oklahoma 2 16 10 45 495 298 47 511 308
  Oregon 1 12 11 12 124 85 13 136 96
  Pennsylvania 23 184 93 119 1499 1002 142 1683 1095
  Rhode Island 0 0 0 5 60 46 5 60 46
  South Carolina 0 0 0 2 32 19 2 32 19
  Tennessee 0 0 0 2 28 16 2 28 16
  Texas 2 24 4 24 263 152 26 287 156
  Utah 0 0 0 3 57 3 3 57 3
  Virginia 3 27 15 17 278 188 20 305 203
  Washington 0 0 0 10 131 84 10 131 84
  West Virginia 5 33 15 19 204 135 24 237 150
  Wisconsin 0 0 0 3 78 55 3 78 55
  Wyoming 0 0 0 2 21 8 2 21 8
  Total 119 1232 568 1086 13,103 8058 1205 14,335 8626

a Data shown represent positions approved by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Program and Trainee Review Council and are not necessarily all funded. Data are current as of May 31, 2015. No internship or residency programs were approved by the AOA during the 2014-2015 academic year in the following states: Hawaii, Louisiana, Maryland, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Vermont.

b Residency data include fellowship programs, positions, and trainees.

Source: Training Programs by State: Year-End Reports, Division of Postdoctoral Training, AOA, Chicago, Illinois.

×
Table 2.
No. of AOA-Approved Residency Programs and Approved and Filled Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialtya
Specialty  2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015
Programs Positions Residents Programs Positions Residents Programs Positions Residents
 Anesthesiology 13 139 117 13 139 118 14 151 116
  Anesthesiology and pain management 3 6 2 3 6 2 3 6 2
  Pediatric anesthesiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 1
 Dermatology 30 176 114 30 179 125 31 209 136
  Mohs micrographic surgery 3 4 1 3 4 3 4 5 2
  Pediatric dermatology NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 2 0
 Diagnostic Radiology 17 199 127 17 195 128 16 187 114
  Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
  Vascular and interventional radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
 Emergency Medicine 50 1203 919 50 1215 953 59 1373 976
  Emergency medical service 2 3 0 2 3 1 1 1 1
 Family Medicine 215 3040 1731 227 3334 1982 252 3708 2170
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 13 40 8 15 46 7 15 46 5
 Internal Medicine 114 1967 1278 121 2223 1494 137 2728 1654
  Cardiac electrophysiology 2 5 0 2 5 0 1 3 0
  Cardiology 26 174 110 27 178 129 29 193 136
  Cardiology (interventional) 13 30 9 13 29 11 13 28 11
  Critical care medicine 6 23 9 7 27 6 7 27 11
  Endocrinology 5 12 5 5 13 6 6 17 6
  Gastroenterology 17 86 51 18 85 56 20 101 67
Geriatrics (internal medicine)  6 21 1 11 36 1 9 30 0
  Hematology and oncology 7 24 13 7 24 14 6 21 16
  Infectious diseases 4 16 3 4 16 4 5 20 6
  Nephrology 8 22 13 8 22 11 10 29 9
  Oncology 2 6 1 2 6 2 2 7 2
  Pulmonary (critical care) 10 44 26 11 50 30 13 66 32
  Pulmonary medicine 3 7 2 3 7 0 2 4 0
  Rheumatology 5 16 8 4 12 9 4 12 10
  Transplant hepatology NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
 Neurology 9 96 64 9 96 64 11 126 70
 NMM/OMM 7 38 18 8 43 18 9 46 20
  NMM plus 1 23 75 27 26 83 25 27 86 22
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 30 375 296 33 409 300 34 421 314
  Female pelvic medicine 1 3 0 1 3 0 2 4 1
  Gynecological oncology 3 9 8 3 9 9 3 9 7
  Maternal and fetal medicine 5 16 8 5 17 12 5 18 16
  Reproductive endocrinology 3 9 1 3 9 1 3 9 1
 Ophthalmology 15 71 55 15 71 56 15 82 56
 Orthopedic Surgery 40 596 464 39 590 492 44 676 498
  Hand surgery 1 3 1 1 3 0 1 3 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
 Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 19 139 121 19 139 121 21 154 111
  Otolaryngic allergy 3 9 1 3 9 2 3 9 1
 Pathology NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology 1 1 0 1 1 0 NA NA NA
 Pediatrics 19 283 170 20 292 187 22 328 200
 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 5 61 30 6 67 37 6 70 44
 Preventive Medicine and Public Health 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 1
 Proctology 2 5 2 2 5 2 2 5 2
 Psychiatry 16 242 94 20 294 133 25 376 163
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 4 18 6 4 18 8 5 22 7
  Forensic psychiatry 1 4 0 1 4 0 1 4 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 2 6 0 2 6 1 2 6 0
 Surgery (General) 51 765 554 53 809 586 59 932 602
  Cardiothoracic surgery 1 9 0 1 9 0 1 9 0
  Critical care surgery 3 7 1 5 13 2 5 13 3
  General vascular surgery 8 19 5 8 18 12 8 19 12
  Neurologic surgery 11 114 95 10 108 97 12 131 95
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 7 26 15 8 29 14 8 32 16
  Urologic surgery 10 108 95 10 107 92 11 123 94
 Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 4 53 45 3 52 43 3 52 42
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine 11 122 74 11 122 76 9 105 71
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 8 64 38 9 72 40 9 72 43
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 1 4 1 1 4 2 1 4 3
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 1 10 7 1 10 7 1 10 6
 Conjointb
  Addiction medicine 1 6 6 1 6 3 1 6 0
  Adult/pediatric allergy and Immunology 2 10 5 2 10 8 2 10 10
  Correctional medicine 1 4 0 2 6 0 2 6 0
  Dermatopathology 1 2 0 2 4 2 2 4 2
  Hospice and palliative medicine 7 17 2 12 28 6 15 34 7
  Pain medicine 1 5 0 1 5 4 1 5 2
  Pediatric emergency medicine 2 12 0 2 12 0 2 12 0
  Sleep medicine 2 8 4 2 8 1 2 8 2
  Sports medicine 20 57 19 23 64 25 24 71 30
Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 2 1 1 2 0 1 2 0
 Total 942 10,759 6883 998 11,535 7582 1086 13,103 8058

a Approved positions are not necessarily funded. Data include fellowship programs, positions, and residents.

b Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and the AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit (TIVRA) system, academic year 2014-2015. Data for the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 academic years have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Table 2.
No. of AOA-Approved Residency Programs and Approved and Filled Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialtya
Specialty  2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015
Programs Positions Residents Programs Positions Residents Programs Positions Residents
 Anesthesiology 13 139 117 13 139 118 14 151 116
  Anesthesiology and pain management 3 6 2 3 6 2 3 6 2
  Pediatric anesthesiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 1
 Dermatology 30 176 114 30 179 125 31 209 136
  Mohs micrographic surgery 3 4 1 3 4 3 4 5 2
  Pediatric dermatology NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 2 0
 Diagnostic Radiology 17 199 127 17 195 128 16 187 114
  Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
  Vascular and interventional radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
 Emergency Medicine 50 1203 919 50 1215 953 59 1373 976
  Emergency medical service 2 3 0 2 3 1 1 1 1
 Family Medicine 215 3040 1731 227 3334 1982 252 3708 2170
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 13 40 8 15 46 7 15 46 5
 Internal Medicine 114 1967 1278 121 2223 1494 137 2728 1654
  Cardiac electrophysiology 2 5 0 2 5 0 1 3 0
  Cardiology 26 174 110 27 178 129 29 193 136
  Cardiology (interventional) 13 30 9 13 29 11 13 28 11
  Critical care medicine 6 23 9 7 27 6 7 27 11
  Endocrinology 5 12 5 5 13 6 6 17 6
  Gastroenterology 17 86 51 18 85 56 20 101 67
Geriatrics (internal medicine)  6 21 1 11 36 1 9 30 0
  Hematology and oncology 7 24 13 7 24 14 6 21 16
  Infectious diseases 4 16 3 4 16 4 5 20 6
  Nephrology 8 22 13 8 22 11 10 29 9
  Oncology 2 6 1 2 6 2 2 7 2
  Pulmonary (critical care) 10 44 26 11 50 30 13 66 32
  Pulmonary medicine 3 7 2 3 7 0 2 4 0
  Rheumatology 5 16 8 4 12 9 4 12 10
  Transplant hepatology NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
 Neurology 9 96 64 9 96 64 11 126 70
 NMM/OMM 7 38 18 8 43 18 9 46 20
  NMM plus 1 23 75 27 26 83 25 27 86 22
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 30 375 296 33 409 300 34 421 314
  Female pelvic medicine 1 3 0 1 3 0 2 4 1
  Gynecological oncology 3 9 8 3 9 9 3 9 7
  Maternal and fetal medicine 5 16 8 5 17 12 5 18 16
  Reproductive endocrinology 3 9 1 3 9 1 3 9 1
 Ophthalmology 15 71 55 15 71 56 15 82 56
 Orthopedic Surgery 40 596 464 39 590 492 44 676 498
  Hand surgery 1 3 1 1 3 0 1 3 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
 Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 19 139 121 19 139 121 21 154 111
  Otolaryngic allergy 3 9 1 3 9 2 3 9 1
 Pathology NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology 1 1 0 1 1 0 NA NA NA
 Pediatrics 19 283 170 20 292 187 22 328 200
 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 5 61 30 6 67 37 6 70 44
 Preventive Medicine and Public Health 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 1
 Proctology 2 5 2 2 5 2 2 5 2
 Psychiatry 16 242 94 20 294 133 25 376 163
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 4 18 6 4 18 8 5 22 7
  Forensic psychiatry 1 4 0 1 4 0 1 4 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 2 6 0 2 6 1 2 6 0
 Surgery (General) 51 765 554 53 809 586 59 932 602
  Cardiothoracic surgery 1 9 0 1 9 0 1 9 0
  Critical care surgery 3 7 1 5 13 2 5 13 3
  General vascular surgery 8 19 5 8 18 12 8 19 12
  Neurologic surgery 11 114 95 10 108 97 12 131 95
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 7 26 15 8 29 14 8 32 16
  Urologic surgery 10 108 95 10 107 92 11 123 94
 Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 4 53 45 3 52 43 3 52 42
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine 11 122 74 11 122 76 9 105 71
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 8 64 38 9 72 40 9 72 43
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 1 4 1 1 4 2 1 4 3
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 1 10 7 1 10 7 1 10 6
 Conjointb
  Addiction medicine 1 6 6 1 6 3 1 6 0
  Adult/pediatric allergy and Immunology 2 10 5 2 10 8 2 10 10
  Correctional medicine 1 4 0 2 6 0 2 6 0
  Dermatopathology 1 2 0 2 4 2 2 4 2
  Hospice and palliative medicine 7 17 2 12 28 6 15 34 7
  Pain medicine 1 5 0 1 5 4 1 5 2
  Pediatric emergency medicine 2 12 0 2 12 0 2 12 0
  Sleep medicine 2 8 4 2 8 1 2 8 2
  Sports medicine 20 57 19 23 64 25 24 71 30
Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 1 2 1 1 2 0 1 2 0
 Total 942 10,759 6883 998 11,535 7582 1086 13,103 8058

a Approved positions are not necessarily funded. Data include fellowship programs, positions, and residents.

b Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and the AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit (TIVRA) system, academic year 2014-2015. Data for the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 academic years have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

×
Table 3.
Net Growth From the 2013-2014 to 2014-2015 Academic Years of AOA-Approved Residency Programs and Approved and Filled Positions as Reported by Specialtya
Specialty No.
Programs Positions Residents
 Anesthesiology 1 12 −2
  Anesthesiology and pain management 0 0 0
  Pediatric anesthesiology 0 0 1
 Dermatology 1 30 11
  Mohs micrographic surgery 1 1 −1
 Diagnostic radiology −1 −8 −14
  Pediatric radiology 0 0 0
  Vascular/interventional radiology 0 0 0
 Emergency Medicine 9 158 23
  Emergency medical service −1 −2 0
 Family Medicine 25 374 188
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 0 0 −2
 Internal Medicine 16 505 160
  Cardiac electrophysiology −1 −2 0
  Cardiology 2 15 7
  Cardiology (interventional) 0 −1 0
  Critical care medicine 0 0 5
  Endocrinology 1 4 0
  Gastroenterology 2 16 11
  Geriatrics (internal medicine) −2 −6 −1
  Hematology and oncology −1 −3 2
  Infectious diseases 1 4 2
  Nephrology 2 7 −2
  Oncology 0 1 0
  Pulmonary (critical care) 2 16 2
  Pulmonary medicine −1 −3 0
  Rheumatology 0 0 1
  Transplant hepatology 0 0 0
 Neurology 2 30 6
 NMM/OMM 1 3 2
  NMM plus 1 1 3 −3
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 1 12 14
  Female pelvic medicine 1 1 1
  Gynecologic oncology 0 0 5
  Maternal and fetal medicine 0 1 4
  Reproductive endocrinology 0 0 0
 Ophthalmology 0 11 0
 Orthopedic Surgery 5 86 6
  Hand surgery 0 0 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 0 0 0
 Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 2 15 −10
  Otolaryngic allergy 0 0 −1
 Pathology NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology −1 −1 0
 Pediatrics 2 36 13
 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 0 3 7
 Preventive Medicine and Public Health 0 0 −1
 Proctology 0 0 0
 Psychiatry 5 82 30
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 1 4 −1
  Forensic psychiatry 0 0 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 0 0 −1
 Surgery (General) 6 123 16
  Cardiothoracic surgery 0 0 0
  Critical care surgery 0 0 1
  General vascular surgery 0 1 0
  Neurologic surgery 2 23 −2
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 0 3 2
  Urologic surgery 1 16 2
Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 0 0 −1
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine −2 −17 −5
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 0 0 3
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 0 0 1
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 0 0 −1
Conjointa
  Addiction medicine 0 0 −3
  Adult and pediatric allergy/immunology 0 0 2
  Correctional medicine 0 0 0
  Dermato pathology 0 0 0
  Hospice and palliative care 3 6 1
  Pain medicine 0 0 −2
  Pediatric emergency medicine 0 0 0
  Sleep medicine 0 0 1
  Sports medicine 1 7 5
  Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 0
 Total 89 1569 483

a Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain Medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and the AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit (TIVRA) system, academic year 2014-2015. Data for the 2013-2014 academic year have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Table 3.
Net Growth From the 2013-2014 to 2014-2015 Academic Years of AOA-Approved Residency Programs and Approved and Filled Positions as Reported by Specialtya
Specialty No.
Programs Positions Residents
 Anesthesiology 1 12 −2
  Anesthesiology and pain management 0 0 0
  Pediatric anesthesiology 0 0 1
 Dermatology 1 30 11
  Mohs micrographic surgery 1 1 −1
 Diagnostic radiology −1 −8 −14
  Pediatric radiology 0 0 0
  Vascular/interventional radiology 0 0 0
 Emergency Medicine 9 158 23
  Emergency medical service −1 −2 0
 Family Medicine 25 374 188
  Geriatrics (family medicine) 0 0 −2
 Internal Medicine 16 505 160
  Cardiac electrophysiology −1 −2 0
  Cardiology 2 15 7
  Cardiology (interventional) 0 −1 0
  Critical care medicine 0 0 5
  Endocrinology 1 4 0
  Gastroenterology 2 16 11
  Geriatrics (internal medicine) −2 −6 −1
  Hematology and oncology −1 −3 2
  Infectious diseases 1 4 2
  Nephrology 2 7 −2
  Oncology 0 1 0
  Pulmonary (critical care) 2 16 2
  Pulmonary medicine −1 −3 0
  Rheumatology 0 0 1
  Transplant hepatology 0 0 0
 Neurology 2 30 6
 NMM/OMM 1 3 2
  NMM plus 1 1 3 −3
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 1 12 14
  Female pelvic medicine 1 1 1
  Gynecologic oncology 0 0 5
  Maternal and fetal medicine 0 1 4
  Reproductive endocrinology 0 0 0
 Ophthalmology 0 11 0
 Orthopedic Surgery 5 86 6
  Hand surgery 0 0 1
  Musculoskeletal oncology 0 0 0
 Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery 2 15 −10
  Otolaryngic allergy 0 0 −1
 Pathology NA NA NA
  Forensic pathology −1 −1 0
 Pediatrics 2 36 13
 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine 0 3 7
 Preventive Medicine and Public Health 0 0 −1
 Proctology 0 0 0
 Psychiatry 5 82 30
  Child and adolescent psychiatry 1 4 −1
  Forensic psychiatry 0 0 0
  Geriatric psychiatry 0 0 −1
 Surgery (General) 6 123 16
  Cardiothoracic surgery 0 0 0
  Critical care surgery 0 0 1
  General vascular surgery 0 1 0
  Neurologic surgery 2 23 −2
  Plastic and reconstructive surgery 0 3 2
  Urologic surgery 1 16 2
Combined
  Emergency medicine and family medicine 0 0 −1
  Emergency medicine and internal medicine −2 −17 −5
  Integrated family medicine/NMM 0 0 3
  Integrated internal medicine/NMM 0 0 1
  Pediatrics and internal medicine 0 0 −1
Conjointa
  Addiction medicine 0 0 −3
  Adult and pediatric allergy/immunology 0 0 2
  Correctional medicine 0 0 0
  Dermato pathology 0 0 0
  Hospice and palliative care 3 6 1
  Pain medicine 0 0 −2
  Pediatric emergency medicine 0 0 0
  Sleep medicine 0 0 1
  Sports medicine 1 7 5
  Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 0
 Total 89 1569 483

a Addiction medicine, adult/pediatric allergy and immunology, correctional medicine, dermatopathology, hospice and palliative medicine, pain Medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sleep medicine, sports medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine are fellowships governed by Conjoint Standards by 2 or more specialties.

Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not available; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown (taken annually on May 31); and the AOA’s Trainee Information, Verification and Registration Audit (TIVRA) system, academic year 2014-2015. Data for the 2013-2014 academic year have been reported previously in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

×