Clinical Review  |   February 2016
How to Monitor and Advise Vegans to Ensure Adequate Nutrient Intake
Author Notes
  • From Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Heather Fields, MD, Mayo Clinic, Community Internal Medicine, 13400 E Shea Blvd, Scottsdale, AZ 85259-5452. E-mail: fields.heather@mayo.edu
     
Article Information
Cardiovascular Disorders / Hypertension/Kidney Disease / Neuromusculoskeletal Disorders / Pediatrics
Clinical Review   |   February 2016
How to Monitor and Advise Vegans to Ensure Adequate Nutrient Intake
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, February 2016, Vol. 116, 96-99. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.022
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, February 2016, Vol. 116, 96-99. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.022
Web of Science® Times Cited: 140
According to a 2012 report, 2% of the US population follows a vegan diet, which is a strict plant-based diet that excludes all animal-derived foods.1 Increasingly, people are choosing to follow this diet for ethical, environmental, religious, and health concerns.2 The increase in patients following a vegan diet can lead to requests for provider advice about the safety of this dietary pattern. Several studies have demonstrated health benefits of plant-based diets, including improvements in ischemic heart disease mortality, as well as decreases in hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cancer incidence.3-13 Despite these benefits, could vegans be at risk for deficiency of essential nutrients? The present article concisely summarizes the recent literature examining potential negative consequences of a vegan diet and assists clinicians in their conversations with patients.8,14 
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