Heather Fields, Barbara Ruddy, Mark R. Wallace, Amit Shah, Denise Millstine, Lisa Marks. How to Monitor and Advise Vegans to Ensure Adequate Nutrient Intake. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2016;116(2):96–99. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.2016.022.
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Clinical Question: Do nutritional risks exist for vegans?
Evidence: Vegans may be at increased risk for deficiencies in vitamin B12, iron, calcium, vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein; however, implications are not always clear.
Recommendation: Physicians should encourage vegan patients to vary their sources of nutrients. Periodic monitoring of serum nutrient levels is also recommended.
Abbreviations: DHA, docosahexaenoic acid; EPA, eicosapentaenoic acid.
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