Review  |   January 2016
Primo Vascular System: A Unique Biological System Shifting a Medical Paradigm
Author Notes
  • From the Chikly Health Institute in Scottsdale, Arizona (Dr Chikly); the Sosa Osteopathy Centre in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong (Dr Roberts); and the Department of Research at Flanders International College of Osteopathy in Antwerp, Belgium (Dr Quaghebeur). 
  •  *Address correspondence to Bruno Chikly, MD, DO (France), 28607 N 152nd St, Scottsdale, AZ 85262-6939. E-mail: bchik@aol.com
     
Article Information
Neuromusculoskeletal Disorders
Review   |   January 2016
Primo Vascular System: A Unique Biological System Shifting a Medical Paradigm
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, January 2016, Vol. 116, 12-21. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.002
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, January 2016, Vol. 116, 12-21. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2016.002
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1
Abstract

The primo vascular system has a specific anatomical and immunohistochemical signature that sets it apart from the arteriovenous and lymphatic systems. With immune and endocrine functions, the primo vascular system has been found to play a large role in biological processes, including tissue regeneration, inflammation, and cancer metastases. Although scientifically confirmed in 2002, the original discovery was made in the early 1960s by Bong-Han Kim, a North Korean scientist. It would take nearly 40 years after that discovery for scientists to revisit Kim’s research to confirm the early findings. The presence of primo vessels in and around blood and lymph vessels, nerves, viscera, and fascia, as well as in the brain and spinal cord, reveals a common link that could potentially open novel possibilities of integration with cranial, lymphatic, visceral, and fascial approaches in manual medicine.

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