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Appendix  |   April 2015
Appendix 2: American Osteopathic Association Specialty Board Certification
Author Notes
  • From the Department of Education at the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) in Chicago, Illinois. 
  •  *Address correspondence to Cheryl Gross, MA, CAE, AOA Department of Education, 142 E Ontario St, Chicago, IL 60611-2864. E-mail: cgross@osteopathic.org
     
Article Information
Medical Education / Professional Issues
Appendix   |   April 2015
Appendix 2: American Osteopathic Association Specialty Board Certification
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2015, Vol. 115, 275-278. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2015.053
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, April 2015, Vol. 115, 275-278. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2015.053
The year 2014 marked the 75th anniversary of the first award of osteopathic specialty certification. The certification process is an important assessment tool for enhancing the quality of health care and protecting the public. Certification demonstrates a standard of excellence for osteopathic physicians, including quality of services and commitment to lifelong learning. In addition, many health care facilities and insurers require physicians to be board certified. 
Since its establishment in 1939, the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists, the official certifying body of the American Osteopathic Association, has issued 41,492 certifications including primary specialties, subspecialties, and added qualifications. As of December 31, 2014, a total of 26,774 osteopathic physicians were currently certified by the American Osteopathic Association and held a combined total of 31,150 active certificates, representing a 2.9% increase over the number of certificates held in 2013. In 2014, 1828 certificates were awarded in primary specialty and subspecialty areas. Additionally, 287 certificates of added qualifications were granted and 1208 recertifications (ie, Osteopathic Continuous Certification completions) were issued. A complete list of the certifications and recertifications processed in 2014 and the total number of active certifications by specialty is found in the Table. 
Table.
Certification Statistics, 2014a
American Osteopathic Board of… Certification Type Description New Certification OCC Completion Total
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 19 (1) 4 (<1) 624 (2)
CAQ Pain management 1 (<1) 0 68 (<1)
CAQ Critical care 0 0 5 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 36 (2) 13 (1) 489 (2)
CAQ Dermatopathology 0 0 8 (<1)
CAQ Mohs micrographic surgery 3 (<1) 0 27 (<1)
CAQ Pediatric dermatology 4 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Emergency Medicine CAQ Emergency medical services 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Emergency medicine 155 (7) 104 (9) 2583 (8)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
CAQ Medical toxicology 0 0 10 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
Family Physicians CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicineb 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Family medicine/OMTc 533 (25) 392 (32) 11,985 (38)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 10 (<1) 7 (1) 304 (1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 86 (4) 1 (<1) 198 (1)
CAQ Pain medicine 4 (<1) 0 15 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 22 (1) 4 (<1) 211 (1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 3 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Internal Medicine CSQ Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 0 1 (<1) 8 (<1)
CAQ Cardiac electrophysiology 2 (<1) 0 24 (<1)
CSQ Cardiology 30 (1) 29 (2) 486 (2)
CAQ Critical care 0 11 (1) 141 (<1)
CSQ Endocrinology 2 (<1) 3 (<1) 40 (<1)
CSQ Gastroenterology 12 (1) 23 (2) 224 (1)
CAQ Geriatrics 6 (<1) 2 (<1) 61 (<1)
CSQ Hematology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 46 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 66 (3) 0 104 (<1)
CSQ Infectious diseases 4 (<1) 5 (<1) 72 (<1)
Primary Internal medicine 397 (19) 177 (15) 3889 (12)
CAQ Interventional cardiology 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 102 (<1)
CSQ Nephrology 8 (<1) 5 (<1) 132 (<1)
CSQ Oncology 6 (<1) 7 (1) 105 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 2 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
CSQ Pulmonary diseases 15 (1) 13 (1) 216 (1)
CSQ Rheumatology 6 (<1) 3 (<1) 68 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 9 (<1) 0 59 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 3 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Neurology and Psychiatry CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
CSQ Child neurology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Child psychiatry 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
CAQ Geriatric psychiatry 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 11 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Neurology 15 (1) 5 (<1) 242 (1)
CAQ Neurophysiology 0 0 24 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Primary Psychiatry 25 (1) 7 (1) 305 (1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 5 (<1) 0 19 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMM 40 (2) 62 (5) 565 (2)
CAQ Pain medicine 5 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Primary Special proficiency in OMMb 0 0 114 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Nuclear medicine 0 0 22 (<1)
CSQ Female pelvic medicine reconstructive surgery 1 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
CSQ Gynecologic oncology 2 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CSQ Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 32 (<1)
Primary Obstetrics and gynecologic surgery 0 0 49 (<1)
Primary Obstetrics and gynecology 97 (5) 63 (5) 1215 (4)
CSQ Reproductive endocrinology 1 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Primary Facial plastic surgery 0 0 5 (<1)
Primary Ophthalmology 12 (1) 10 (1) 360 (1)
Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 22 (1) 9 (1) 417 (1)
CAQ Otolaryngology - sleep medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
CAQ Otolaryngic allergy 0 1 (<1) 22 (<1)
Primary Otolaryngology 0 2 (<1) 11 (<1)
Primary Otorhinolaryngologyb 0 0 29 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery CAQ Hand surgery 9 (<1) 0 56 (<1)
Primary Orthopedic surgery 81 (4) 96 (8) 1254 (4)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 0 0 21 (<1)
Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine 0 0 12 (<1)
CAQ Dermatopathology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Forensic pathology 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Pediatrics CSQ Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CSQ Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 1 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Hospice and palliative medicine 2 (<1) 0 2(<1)
CSQ Neonatology 2 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric allergy and immunology 0 0 7 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric endocrinology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric pulmonologyb 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Pediatrics 41 (2) 26 (2) 549 (2)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 3 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 7 (<1) 0 28 (<1)
Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 0 0 235 (1)
CAQ Sports medicine 2 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
Preventive Medicine CAQ Occupational medicine 0 2 (<1) 50 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-aerospace medicine 0 2 (<1) 39 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-occupational medicineb 0 0 7 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-public health 1 (<1) 0 36 (<1)
Primary Preventive-occupational-environmental medicine 2 (<1) 6 (<1) 84 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Undersea hyperbaric medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 24 (<1)
Radiology CAQ Angiography and interventional radiologyb 1 (<1) 0 18 (<1)
CAQ Body imagingb 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Diagnostic radiology 33 (2) 28 (2) 691 (2)
Primary Diagnostic roentgenology 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Diagnostic ultrasound 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Neuroradiologyb 4 (<1) 2 (<1) 66 (<1)
CAQ Nuclear radiology 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Pediatric radiology 1 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 0 19 (<1)
CSQ Radiation therapyb 0 0 1 (<1)
Primary Radiologyb 0 0 44 (<1
CAQ Vascular and interventional radiology 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 17 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgery 3 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CAQ Critical care surgery 16 (1) 4 (<1) 76 (<1)
Primary General vascular surgery 9 (<1) 9 (1) 129 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Neurologic surgery 26 (1) 4 (<1) 124 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 18 (1) 2 (<1) 81 (<1)
Primary Surgery (general) 146 (7) 42 (3) 1119 (4)
Primary Thoracic cardiovascular surgeryb 0 1 (<1) 48 (<1)
Primary Thoracic surgeryb 0 0 5 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Primary Urologic surgery 23 (<1) 5 (<1) 227 (1)
Total 2115 1208 31,150
a Data presented as No. (%). Percentages do not total 100 because of rounding. Totals are calculated by the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists. Data are current as of December 31, 2014.b No longer issued.c Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).Abbreviations: CAQ, Certification of Added Qualifications; CSQ, Certification of Special Qualifications; OCC, Osteopathic Continuous Certification; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine.
Table.
Certification Statistics, 2014a
American Osteopathic Board of… Certification Type Description New Certification OCC Completion Total
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 19 (1) 4 (<1) 624 (2)
CAQ Pain management 1 (<1) 0 68 (<1)
CAQ Critical care 0 0 5 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 36 (2) 13 (1) 489 (2)
CAQ Dermatopathology 0 0 8 (<1)
CAQ Mohs micrographic surgery 3 (<1) 0 27 (<1)
CAQ Pediatric dermatology 4 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Emergency Medicine CAQ Emergency medical services 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Emergency medicine 155 (7) 104 (9) 2583 (8)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
CAQ Medical toxicology 0 0 10 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
Family Physicians CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicineb 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Family medicine/OMTc 533 (25) 392 (32) 11,985 (38)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 10 (<1) 7 (1) 304 (1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 86 (4) 1 (<1) 198 (1)
CAQ Pain medicine 4 (<1) 0 15 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 22 (1) 4 (<1) 211 (1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 3 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Internal Medicine CSQ Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 0 1 (<1) 8 (<1)
CAQ Cardiac electrophysiology 2 (<1) 0 24 (<1)
CSQ Cardiology 30 (1) 29 (2) 486 (2)
CAQ Critical care 0 11 (1) 141 (<1)
CSQ Endocrinology 2 (<1) 3 (<1) 40 (<1)
CSQ Gastroenterology 12 (1) 23 (2) 224 (1)
CAQ Geriatrics 6 (<1) 2 (<1) 61 (<1)
CSQ Hematology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 46 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 66 (3) 0 104 (<1)
CSQ Infectious diseases 4 (<1) 5 (<1) 72 (<1)
Primary Internal medicine 397 (19) 177 (15) 3889 (12)
CAQ Interventional cardiology 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 102 (<1)
CSQ Nephrology 8 (<1) 5 (<1) 132 (<1)
CSQ Oncology 6 (<1) 7 (1) 105 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 2 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
CSQ Pulmonary diseases 15 (1) 13 (1) 216 (1)
CSQ Rheumatology 6 (<1) 3 (<1) 68 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 9 (<1) 0 59 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 3 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Neurology and Psychiatry CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
CSQ Child neurology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Child psychiatry 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
CAQ Geriatric psychiatry 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 11 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Neurology 15 (1) 5 (<1) 242 (1)
CAQ Neurophysiology 0 0 24 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Primary Psychiatry 25 (1) 7 (1) 305 (1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 5 (<1) 0 19 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMM 40 (2) 62 (5) 565 (2)
CAQ Pain medicine 5 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Primary Special proficiency in OMMb 0 0 114 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Nuclear medicine 0 0 22 (<1)
CSQ Female pelvic medicine reconstructive surgery 1 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
CSQ Gynecologic oncology 2 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CSQ Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 32 (<1)
Primary Obstetrics and gynecologic surgery 0 0 49 (<1)
Primary Obstetrics and gynecology 97 (5) 63 (5) 1215 (4)
CSQ Reproductive endocrinology 1 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Primary Facial plastic surgery 0 0 5 (<1)
Primary Ophthalmology 12 (1) 10 (1) 360 (1)
Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 22 (1) 9 (1) 417 (1)
CAQ Otolaryngology - sleep medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
CAQ Otolaryngic allergy 0 1 (<1) 22 (<1)
Primary Otolaryngology 0 2 (<1) 11 (<1)
Primary Otorhinolaryngologyb 0 0 29 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery CAQ Hand surgery 9 (<1) 0 56 (<1)
Primary Orthopedic surgery 81 (4) 96 (8) 1254 (4)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 0 0 21 (<1)
Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine 0 0 12 (<1)
CAQ Dermatopathology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Forensic pathology 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Pediatrics CSQ Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CSQ Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 1 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Hospice and palliative medicine 2 (<1) 0 2(<1)
CSQ Neonatology 2 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric allergy and immunology 0 0 7 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric endocrinology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric pulmonologyb 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Pediatrics 41 (2) 26 (2) 549 (2)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 3 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 7 (<1) 0 28 (<1)
Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 0 0 235 (1)
CAQ Sports medicine 2 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
Preventive Medicine CAQ Occupational medicine 0 2 (<1) 50 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-aerospace medicine 0 2 (<1) 39 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-occupational medicineb 0 0 7 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-public health 1 (<1) 0 36 (<1)
Primary Preventive-occupational-environmental medicine 2 (<1) 6 (<1) 84 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Undersea hyperbaric medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 24 (<1)
Radiology CAQ Angiography and interventional radiologyb 1 (<1) 0 18 (<1)
CAQ Body imagingb 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Diagnostic radiology 33 (2) 28 (2) 691 (2)
Primary Diagnostic roentgenology 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Diagnostic ultrasound 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Neuroradiologyb 4 (<1) 2 (<1) 66 (<1)
CAQ Nuclear radiology 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Pediatric radiology 1 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 0 19 (<1)
CSQ Radiation therapyb 0 0 1 (<1)
Primary Radiologyb 0 0 44 (<1
CAQ Vascular and interventional radiology 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 17 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgery 3 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CAQ Critical care surgery 16 (1) 4 (<1) 76 (<1)
Primary General vascular surgery 9 (<1) 9 (1) 129 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Neurologic surgery 26 (1) 4 (<1) 124 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 18 (1) 2 (<1) 81 (<1)
Primary Surgery (general) 146 (7) 42 (3) 1119 (4)
Primary Thoracic cardiovascular surgeryb 0 1 (<1) 48 (<1)
Primary Thoracic surgeryb 0 0 5 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Primary Urologic surgery 23 (<1) 5 (<1) 227 (1)
Total 2115 1208 31,150
a Data presented as No. (%). Percentages do not total 100 because of rounding. Totals are calculated by the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists. Data are current as of December 31, 2014.b No longer issued.c Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).Abbreviations: CAQ, Certification of Added Qualifications; CSQ, Certification of Special Qualifications; OCC, Osteopathic Continuous Certification; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine.
×
Since 2010, the number of active board certifications held has risen steadily, as noted in the Figure. This number is expected to continue to rise in the future. (doi:10.7556/jaoa.2015.053) 
Figure.
Active certifications held, 2010 to 2014. Certifications increased from 26,698 in 2010 to 31,150 in 2014.
Figure.
Active certifications held, 2010 to 2014. Certifications increased from 26,698 in 2010 to 31,150 in 2014.
Editor's Note: The JAOA theme issue on osteopathic medical education includes annual updates from the American Osteopathic Association's departments of accreditation and education. Last year's appendix on specialty board certification can be Accessed online at http://www.jaoa.osteopathic.org/content/114/4/313.full. 
Figure.
Active certifications held, 2010 to 2014. Certifications increased from 26,698 in 2010 to 31,150 in 2014.
Figure.
Active certifications held, 2010 to 2014. Certifications increased from 26,698 in 2010 to 31,150 in 2014.
Table.
Certification Statistics, 2014a
American Osteopathic Board of… Certification Type Description New Certification OCC Completion Total
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 19 (1) 4 (<1) 624 (2)
CAQ Pain management 1 (<1) 0 68 (<1)
CAQ Critical care 0 0 5 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 36 (2) 13 (1) 489 (2)
CAQ Dermatopathology 0 0 8 (<1)
CAQ Mohs micrographic surgery 3 (<1) 0 27 (<1)
CAQ Pediatric dermatology 4 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Emergency Medicine CAQ Emergency medical services 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Emergency medicine 155 (7) 104 (9) 2583 (8)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
CAQ Medical toxicology 0 0 10 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
Family Physicians CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicineb 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Family medicine/OMTc 533 (25) 392 (32) 11,985 (38)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 10 (<1) 7 (1) 304 (1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 86 (4) 1 (<1) 198 (1)
CAQ Pain medicine 4 (<1) 0 15 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 22 (1) 4 (<1) 211 (1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 3 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Internal Medicine CSQ Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 0 1 (<1) 8 (<1)
CAQ Cardiac electrophysiology 2 (<1) 0 24 (<1)
CSQ Cardiology 30 (1) 29 (2) 486 (2)
CAQ Critical care 0 11 (1) 141 (<1)
CSQ Endocrinology 2 (<1) 3 (<1) 40 (<1)
CSQ Gastroenterology 12 (1) 23 (2) 224 (1)
CAQ Geriatrics 6 (<1) 2 (<1) 61 (<1)
CSQ Hematology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 46 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 66 (3) 0 104 (<1)
CSQ Infectious diseases 4 (<1) 5 (<1) 72 (<1)
Primary Internal medicine 397 (19) 177 (15) 3889 (12)
CAQ Interventional cardiology 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 102 (<1)
CSQ Nephrology 8 (<1) 5 (<1) 132 (<1)
CSQ Oncology 6 (<1) 7 (1) 105 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 2 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
CSQ Pulmonary diseases 15 (1) 13 (1) 216 (1)
CSQ Rheumatology 6 (<1) 3 (<1) 68 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 9 (<1) 0 59 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 3 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Neurology and Psychiatry CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
CSQ Child neurology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Child psychiatry 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
CAQ Geriatric psychiatry 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 11 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Neurology 15 (1) 5 (<1) 242 (1)
CAQ Neurophysiology 0 0 24 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Primary Psychiatry 25 (1) 7 (1) 305 (1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 5 (<1) 0 19 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMM 40 (2) 62 (5) 565 (2)
CAQ Pain medicine 5 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Primary Special proficiency in OMMb 0 0 114 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Nuclear medicine 0 0 22 (<1)
CSQ Female pelvic medicine reconstructive surgery 1 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
CSQ Gynecologic oncology 2 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CSQ Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 32 (<1)
Primary Obstetrics and gynecologic surgery 0 0 49 (<1)
Primary Obstetrics and gynecology 97 (5) 63 (5) 1215 (4)
CSQ Reproductive endocrinology 1 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Primary Facial plastic surgery 0 0 5 (<1)
Primary Ophthalmology 12 (1) 10 (1) 360 (1)
Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 22 (1) 9 (1) 417 (1)
CAQ Otolaryngology - sleep medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
CAQ Otolaryngic allergy 0 1 (<1) 22 (<1)
Primary Otolaryngology 0 2 (<1) 11 (<1)
Primary Otorhinolaryngologyb 0 0 29 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery CAQ Hand surgery 9 (<1) 0 56 (<1)
Primary Orthopedic surgery 81 (4) 96 (8) 1254 (4)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 0 0 21 (<1)
Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine 0 0 12 (<1)
CAQ Dermatopathology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Forensic pathology 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Pediatrics CSQ Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CSQ Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 1 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Hospice and palliative medicine 2 (<1) 0 2(<1)
CSQ Neonatology 2 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric allergy and immunology 0 0 7 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric endocrinology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric pulmonologyb 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Pediatrics 41 (2) 26 (2) 549 (2)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 3 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 7 (<1) 0 28 (<1)
Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 0 0 235 (1)
CAQ Sports medicine 2 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
Preventive Medicine CAQ Occupational medicine 0 2 (<1) 50 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-aerospace medicine 0 2 (<1) 39 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-occupational medicineb 0 0 7 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-public health 1 (<1) 0 36 (<1)
Primary Preventive-occupational-environmental medicine 2 (<1) 6 (<1) 84 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Undersea hyperbaric medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 24 (<1)
Radiology CAQ Angiography and interventional radiologyb 1 (<1) 0 18 (<1)
CAQ Body imagingb 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Diagnostic radiology 33 (2) 28 (2) 691 (2)
Primary Diagnostic roentgenology 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Diagnostic ultrasound 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Neuroradiologyb 4 (<1) 2 (<1) 66 (<1)
CAQ Nuclear radiology 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Pediatric radiology 1 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 0 19 (<1)
CSQ Radiation therapyb 0 0 1 (<1)
Primary Radiologyb 0 0 44 (<1
CAQ Vascular and interventional radiology 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 17 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgery 3 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CAQ Critical care surgery 16 (1) 4 (<1) 76 (<1)
Primary General vascular surgery 9 (<1) 9 (1) 129 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Neurologic surgery 26 (1) 4 (<1) 124 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 18 (1) 2 (<1) 81 (<1)
Primary Surgery (general) 146 (7) 42 (3) 1119 (4)
Primary Thoracic cardiovascular surgeryb 0 1 (<1) 48 (<1)
Primary Thoracic surgeryb 0 0 5 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Primary Urologic surgery 23 (<1) 5 (<1) 227 (1)
Total 2115 1208 31,150
a Data presented as No. (%). Percentages do not total 100 because of rounding. Totals are calculated by the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists. Data are current as of December 31, 2014.b No longer issued.c Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).Abbreviations: CAQ, Certification of Added Qualifications; CSQ, Certification of Special Qualifications; OCC, Osteopathic Continuous Certification; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine.
Table.
Certification Statistics, 2014a
American Osteopathic Board of… Certification Type Description New Certification OCC Completion Total
Anesthesiology Primary Anesthesiology 19 (1) 4 (<1) 624 (2)
CAQ Pain management 1 (<1) 0 68 (<1)
CAQ Critical care 0 0 5 (<1)
Dermatology Primary Dermatology 36 (2) 13 (1) 489 (2)
CAQ Dermatopathology 0 0 8 (<1)
CAQ Mohs micrographic surgery 3 (<1) 0 27 (<1)
CAQ Pediatric dermatology 4 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Emergency Medicine CAQ Emergency medical services 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Emergency medicine 155 (7) 104 (9) 2583 (8)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
CAQ Medical toxicology 0 0 10 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 9 (<1)
Family Physicians CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Adolescent and young adult medicineb 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Family medicine/OMTc 533 (25) 392 (32) 11,985 (38)
CAQ Geriatric medicine 10 (<1) 7 (1) 304 (1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 86 (4) 1 (<1) 198 (1)
CAQ Pain medicine 4 (<1) 0 15 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 8 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 22 (1) 4 (<1) 211 (1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 3 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Internal Medicine CSQ Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 0 1 (<1) 8 (<1)
CAQ Cardiac electrophysiology 2 (<1) 0 24 (<1)
CSQ Cardiology 30 (1) 29 (2) 486 (2)
CAQ Critical care 0 11 (1) 141 (<1)
CSQ Endocrinology 2 (<1) 3 (<1) 40 (<1)
CSQ Gastroenterology 12 (1) 23 (2) 224 (1)
CAQ Geriatrics 6 (<1) 2 (<1) 61 (<1)
CSQ Hematology 1 (<1) 2 (<1) 46 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 66 (3) 0 104 (<1)
CSQ Infectious diseases 4 (<1) 5 (<1) 72 (<1)
Primary Internal medicine 397 (19) 177 (15) 3889 (12)
CAQ Interventional cardiology 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 102 (<1)
CSQ Nephrology 8 (<1) 5 (<1) 132 (<1)
CSQ Oncology 6 (<1) 7 (1) 105 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 2 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
CSQ Pulmonary diseases 15 (1) 13 (1) 216 (1)
CSQ Rheumatology 6 (<1) 3 (<1) 68 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 9 (<1) 0 59 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 3 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Neurology and Psychiatry CAQ Addiction medicine 0 0 3 (<1)
CSQ Child neurology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Child psychiatry 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 43 (<1)
CAQ Geriatric psychiatry 2 (<1) 1 (<1) 11 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Neurology 15 (1) 5 (<1) 242 (1)
CAQ Neurophysiology 0 0 24 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Primary Psychiatry 25 (1) 7 (1) 305 (1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 5 (<1) 0 19 (<1)
NMM Primary NMM/OMM 40 (2) 62 (5) 565 (2)
CAQ Pain medicine 5 (<1) 0 12 (<1)
Primary Special proficiency in OMMb 0 0 114 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 7 (<1)
Nuclear Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology Primary Nuclear medicine 0 0 22 (<1)
CSQ Female pelvic medicine reconstructive surgery 1 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
CSQ Gynecologic oncology 2 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CSQ Maternal and fetal medicine 1 (<1) 1 (<1) 32 (<1)
Primary Obstetrics and gynecologic surgery 0 0 49 (<1)
Primary Obstetrics and gynecology 97 (5) 63 (5) 1215 (4)
CSQ Reproductive endocrinology 1 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Primary Facial plastic surgery 0 0 5 (<1)
Primary Ophthalmology 12 (1) 10 (1) 360 (1)
Primary Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 22 (1) 9 (1) 417 (1)
CAQ Otolaryngology - sleep medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
CAQ Otolaryngic allergy 0 1 (<1) 22 (<1)
Primary Otolaryngology 0 2 (<1) 11 (<1)
Primary Otorhinolaryngologyb 0 0 29 (<1)
Orthopedic Surgery CAQ Hand surgery 9 (<1) 0 56 (<1)
Primary Orthopedic surgery 81 (4) 96 (8) 1254 (4)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
Pathology Primary Anatomic pathology 0 0 21 (<1)
Primary Anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine 0 0 12 (<1)
CAQ Dermatopathology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Forensic pathology 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Laboratory medicine 0 0 15 (<1)
Pediatrics CSQ Adolescent medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CSQ Adult and pediatric allergy and immunology 1 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Hospice and palliative medicine 2 (<1) 0 2(<1)
CSQ Neonatology 2 (<1) 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric allergy and immunology 0 0 7 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric endocrinology 0 0 2 (<1)
CSQ Pediatric pulmonologyb 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Pediatrics 41 (2) 26 (2) 549 (2)
CAQ Sleep medicine 1 (<1) 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 3 (<1) 0 4 (<1)
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Pain medicine 7 (<1) 0 28 (<1)
Primary Physical medicine and rehabilitation 0 0 235 (1)
CAQ Sports medicine 2 (<1) 0 5 (<1)
Preventive Medicine CAQ Occupational medicine 0 2 (<1) 50 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-aerospace medicine 0 2 (<1) 39 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-occupational medicineb 0 0 7 (<1)
Primary Preventive medicine-public health 1 (<1) 0 36 (<1)
Primary Preventive-occupational-environmental medicine 2 (<1) 6 (<1) 84 (<1)
CAQ Sports medicine 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Undersea hyperbaric medicine 0 0 6 (<1)
Proctology Primary Proctology 2 (<1) 2 (<1) 24 (<1)
Radiology CAQ Angiography and interventional radiologyb 1 (<1) 0 18 (<1)
CAQ Body imagingb 0 0 9 (<1)
Primary Diagnostic radiology 33 (2) 28 (2) 691 (2)
Primary Diagnostic roentgenology 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Diagnostic ultrasound 0 0 1 (<1)
CAQ Neuroradiologyb 4 (<1) 2 (<1) 66 (<1)
CAQ Nuclear radiology 0 0 4 (<1)
CAQ Pediatric radiology 1 (<1) 0 23 (<1)
Primary Radiation oncology 0 0 19 (<1)
CSQ Radiation therapyb 0 0 1 (<1)
Primary Radiologyb 0 0 44 (<1
CAQ Vascular and interventional radiology 1 (<1) 4 (<1) 17 (<1)
Surgery Primary Cardiothoracic surgery 3 (<1) 0 13 (<1)
CAQ Critical care surgery 16 (1) 4 (<1) 76 (<1)
Primary General vascular surgery 9 (<1) 9 (1) 129 (<1)
CAQ Hospice and palliative medicine 0 0 2 (<1)
Primary Neurologic surgery 26 (1) 4 (<1) 124 (<1)
Primary Plastic and reconstructive surgery 18 (1) 2 (<1) 81 (<1)
Primary Surgery (general) 146 (7) 42 (3) 1119 (4)
Primary Thoracic cardiovascular surgeryb 0 1 (<1) 48 (<1)
Primary Thoracic surgeryb 0 0 5 (<1)
CAQ Undersea and hyperbaric medicine 2 (<1) 0 3 (<1)
Primary Urologic surgery 23 (<1) 5 (<1) 227 (1)
Total 2115 1208 31,150
a Data presented as No. (%). Percentages do not total 100 because of rounding. Totals are calculated by the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists. Data are current as of December 31, 2014.b No longer issued.c Previously named family practice/osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT).Abbreviations: CAQ, Certification of Added Qualifications; CSQ, Certification of Special Qualifications; OCC, Osteopathic Continuous Certification; OMM, osteopathic manipulative medicine; NMM, neuromusculoskeletal medicine.
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