Eugene , Gashti M, Curras E, Schwartz K, Edwards J. Small bowel obstruction as a complication of laparoscopic extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1998;98(9):510. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.19220.127.116.110.
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Laparoscopic hernia repair is associated with its own set of complications, such as intra-abdominal organ and vascular injury, gas embolism, penumoperitoneum, small bowel obstruction secondary to trocar site fascial defects, intra-abdominal adhesion, and reaction to synthetic mesh. With the extraperitoneal approach, the abdominal cavity is not violated, thereby eliminating the risks for these complications. However, small bowel obstruction, albeit rarely, do occur with this approach because of inadvertent violation of the peritoneal cavity, or failure to close the peritoneal opening of the hernia sac, as shown in this case presentation.
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