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Articles  |   December 1998
Smoking in women
Article Information
Articles   |   December 1998
Smoking in women
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, December 1998, Vol. 98, 7S. doi:
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, December 1998, Vol. 98, 7S. doi:
Abstract

Smoking has numerous increased health risks for women, including the risks for cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, gastric and duodenal ulcers, reduced fertility, ovulatory dysfunction, ectopic pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, sudden infant death, and earlier menopause. Such health risks, smoking cessation therapy, and unique obstacles to smoking cessation in women are the focus of this article.