CD Amundson, CJ Olsen, CD Wade. Partial central diabetes insipidus complicating nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1996;96(10):603. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.19184.108.40.2063.
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Nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma is an uncommon, but significant, complication of type II diabetes mellitus with a high overall mortality rate. Treatment of this entity is controversial but mandates aggressive fluid resuscitation and strict control of serum glucose levels. In the patient described, nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma complicated by diabetes insipidus was successfully treated with desmopressin acetate. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma associated with partial central diabetes insipidus.
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