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Clinical Images  |   July 2014
Leser-Trélat Sign
Author Notes
  • From the Internal Medicine-Pediatrics Residency Program at the University of Missouri School of Medicine in Columbia 
  • Address correspondence to Eric M. Neverman, DO, MHA, Internal Medicine-Pediatrics Residency Program, University of Missouri, 1 Hospital Dr, DC058.00, Columbia, MO 65201-5276. E-mail: nevermane@health.missouri.edu  
Article Information
Gastroenterology / Imaging / Clinical Images
Clinical Images   |   July 2014
Leser-Trélat Sign
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, July 2014, Vol. 114, 593. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2014.119
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, July 2014, Vol. 114, 593. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2014.119
Web of Science® Times Cited: 3
A 64-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a 1-day history of hematochezia and a 3-month history of melena, during which time he experienced a 20-lb weight loss. Physical examination revealed confluent seborrheic keratoses on the patient's chest (image). Results of laboratory tests indicated microcytic anemia, with a hemoglobin level of 9.4 g/dL and a mean corpuscular volume of 78.4 μm3. Colonoscopy revealed 2 ulcerated masses within the sigmoid colon; the scope could not be advanced past the proximal lesion. Histopathologic evaluation of biopsy specimens showed ulcerated, moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. The patient underwent resection of the segment of the colon with the masses and continued to receive surgical oncologic treatment. 
An eruption of seborrheic keratoses occurring with a malignant tumor, particularly gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma, is consistent with Leser-Trélat sign.1 Some researchers have disputed the association of seborrheic keratoses with malignant tumors because both findings occur frequently in older individuals.2 However, reports 3-5 of Leser-Trélat sign in young individuals suggest that seborrheic keratoses may indicate underlying malignant findings. 
Acknowledgment
We acknowledge Caryn Scoville of the J. Otto Lottes Health Sciences Library at the University of Missouri for her research assistance. 
   Financial Disclosures: None reported
 
   Support: None reported.
 
References
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