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AOA Communication  |   March 2008
Osteopathic Graduate Medical Education
Author Notes
  • From the Department of Education at the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) in Chicago, Ill. 
  • Address correspondence to Diane N. Burkhart, PhD, Director, AOA Department of Education, American Osteopathic Association Department of Education, 142 E Ontario St, Chicago, IL 60611-2864. E-mail: dburkhart@osteopathic.org 
Article Information
AOA Communication   |   March 2008
Osteopathic Graduate Medical Education
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, March 2008, Vol. 108, 127-137. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2008.108.3.127
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, March 2008, Vol. 108, 127-137. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2008.108.3.127
Abstract

Several aspects of osteopathic graduate medical education have gained momentum in recent years. Although the number of 2006 osteopathic graduates dropped slightly compared with the previous year, 2007 graduates totaled 3103, surpassing 3000 for the first time in osteopathic history. A total of 1196 (41%) and 1267 (40%) graduates and previous graduates participated and matched in the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) “Match” program in 2006 and 2007, respectively. With post-Match scramble data, the number of osteopathic graduates and previous graduates in AOA-approved internship positions rose to 1525 (53%) and 1663 (52%) for 2006 and 2007, respectively. Likewise, the number of filled osteopathic residency positions for the 2006-2007 academic year increased by 5%. In light of these increases, the authors compare AOA data with data from the American Council of Graduate Medical Education regarding osteopathic physicians in allopathic residencies. A brief summary of the restructured traditional osteopathic internships, which will go into effect July 1, 2008, is also provided.

Annual data on osteopathic graduate medical education (OGME) is provided through the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”) and the AOA Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit (TIVRA) reporting system. Statistics on the Match in this article are reported for both the 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 academic years. Although Match data does not change, data on programs, number of trainees, and approved positions may change throughout the year as a result of decisions and actions of the AOA Council on Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training (COPT) and the Program and Trainee Review Council, which meet three times per year to approve residency programs and positions. After the Match takes place, minor changes can occur by individual trainees and programs. Those data are reported on TIVRA, which is completed each fall. The current article discusses these data and highlights the many areas of growth related to OGME. 
AOA-Approved First Year of Postdoctoral Training
As previously described,1 the AOA Board of Trustees and House of Delegates passed a resolution in 2006 for the restructuring of the traditional osteopathic internship (Resolution 19 [A/2006]—Restructuring of the Osteopathic Internship). As a result of the resolution, which goes into effect July 1, 2008, specialty colleges were required to select one of the following three AOA-approved training options:1-3 
  • Option 1: AOA OGME-1 Resident (Residency)—Students will “match” directly into the residency, and the first postdoctoral year will be considered the first year of residency training. Specialties were required to develop curriculum for the first year of training. Specialties that chose this option include anesthesiology; emergency medicine and emergency medicine and internal medicine; family practice, family practice and emergency medicine, and integrated family practice and neuromusculoskeletal medicine; internal medicine; obstetrics and gynecology; orthopedic surgery; otolaryngology and otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery; pediatrics and pediatrics internal medicine; and general surgery, neurological surgery, and urological surgery.
  • Option 2: AOA OGME-1 Preliminary (Internship)—Programs require completion of a designated preliminary year of training (ie, an internship) as a prerequisite for entry into the first year of residency in the second postdoctoral year of training. Students who match successfully into such programs are ensured entry into both the preliminary year and the subsequent first year in residency training. In most cases, both training periods will be offered in the same institution or in an affiliate institution. Specialties that chose this option include diagnostic radiology and radiation oncology, neurology, neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manipulative medicine, ophthalmology, pathology, and psychiatry.
  • Option 3: AOA OGME-1 Traditional (Internship)—Specialties that have chosen this option require residents to complete a traditional, stand-alone rotating internship. This option is particularly suitable for students who are either undecided on their future plans or who plan on entering residencies accredited by the American Council on Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Students completing a traditional rotating internship and then selecting option 1 or 2 specialties must contact that specialty college to determine whether advanced standing will be granted. This option will depend on available residency positions because most will have been filled with trainees who matched during the first year and are advancing to their second postgraduate year. Specialties that chose this option include dermatology, occupational and preventive medicine, physical medicine and rehabilitation, preventative medicine and public health, and proctology.
The requirements for traditional rotating internships remain unchanged.1-3 Fourth year osteopathic medical students have responded positively to these changes, as evidenced by preliminary data that show a 13% increase in the number of students participating in the 2008 AOA Match. In addition, the number of applications submitted to osteopathic training programs through the Electronic Residency Application Service increased by 34% this year. Additional data on the impact of the restructuring, including the number of programs and trainees selecting each option, will be available in the The Journal`s 2009 Medical Education issue. Specific requirements of each specialty are available on DO-Online under Postdoctoral Training under the Education tab. 
The Match: Academic Years 2005-2006 and 2006-2007
In 2007, for the first time in the history of osteopathic medicine, the number of COM graduates surpassed 3000 (Table 1). There were a total of 3103 COM graduates in 2007 compared with 2826 graduates in 2005 and 2814 in 2006. These data represent a 10% increase in the number of COM graduates compared with the previous year. This increase is partly attributable to 144 graduates of the Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine in Blacksburg—the school's first graduating class. 
Table 1
AOA Registration Program: Intern Match Participants Matched to First Choice Osteopathic Medical Internship Positions by COM *



2006 AOA Match


2007 AOA Match
COM
Class of 2006 Graduates, No.
Matched, No.
Matched With First Choice, No.
Class of 2007 Graduates, No.
Matched, No.
Matched With First Choice, No.
DMU-COM20271661895345
KCOM-ATSU 156 60 55 156 51 47
KCUMB-COM21257542267563
LECOM 204 112 92 230 127 103
MSUCOM1139792136113107
MWU/AZCOM 138 34 29 132 28 25
MWU/CCOM16448421815650
NSU-COM 184 73 66 189 81 66
NYCOM25211810030711397
OSU-COM 92 45 42 83 41 36
OU-COM10556541024642
PCOM 245 148 118 239 151 123
PCSOM582723713635
TUCOM-CA 117 30 26 136 43 38
UMDNJ-SOM895547914943
UNECOM 124 41 37 111 34 28
UNTHSC/TCOM11526181262222
VCOM NA NA NA 144 52 48
WesternU/COMP15443341554536
WVSOM 90
55
50
99
51
43
Total28141196§104531031267§1097
 Abbreviations: NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Table data appears differently in the current article compared with previous editions of this article1,4-8 to provide further distinction between the total current graduates and graduates from previous years who took part in each year's American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”).
 Class of 2006 total of 2814 graduates does not include 72 graduates from previous years. Class of 2007 total of 3103 graduates does not include 70 graduates from previous years. A total of 2886 graduates and previous graduates participated in the 2006 AOA Match, and a total of 3175 graduates and previous graduates participated in the 2007 AOA Match.
 Total graduates matched and matched with first choice during both the 2006 and 2007 AOA Match do not include military Match participants or data from the post-Match scramble. However, these data do include graduates from previous years. Percentages cannot be calculated because data for previous graduates by each college of osteopathic medicine (COM) are not available.
 §Of 2886 graduates and previous graduates that participated in the 2006 Match, 329 (11%) matched to AOA internships as a result of the post-Match scramble, bringing the total of graduates matched to AOA programs to 1525 (53%). In 2007, the post-Match scramble brought an additional 396 (12%) of 3175 graduates and previous graduates to AOA programs, bringing the 2007 total to 1663 (52%).
Table 1
AOA Registration Program: Intern Match Participants Matched to First Choice Osteopathic Medical Internship Positions by COM *



2006 AOA Match


2007 AOA Match
COM
Class of 2006 Graduates, No.
Matched, No.
Matched With First Choice, No.
Class of 2007 Graduates, No.
Matched, No.
Matched With First Choice, No.
DMU-COM20271661895345
KCOM-ATSU 156 60 55 156 51 47
KCUMB-COM21257542267563
LECOM 204 112 92 230 127 103
MSUCOM1139792136113107
MWU/AZCOM 138 34 29 132 28 25
MWU/CCOM16448421815650
NSU-COM 184 73 66 189 81 66
NYCOM25211810030711397
OSU-COM 92 45 42 83 41 36
OU-COM10556541024642
PCOM 245 148 118 239 151 123
PCSOM582723713635
TUCOM-CA 117 30 26 136 43 38
UMDNJ-SOM895547914943
UNECOM 124 41 37 111 34 28
UNTHSC/TCOM11526181262222
VCOM NA NA NA 144 52 48
WesternU/COMP15443341554536
WVSOM 90
55
50
99
51
43
Total28141196§104531031267§1097
 Abbreviations: NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Table data appears differently in the current article compared with previous editions of this article1,4-8 to provide further distinction between the total current graduates and graduates from previous years who took part in each year's American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”).
 Class of 2006 total of 2814 graduates does not include 72 graduates from previous years. Class of 2007 total of 3103 graduates does not include 70 graduates from previous years. A total of 2886 graduates and previous graduates participated in the 2006 AOA Match, and a total of 3175 graduates and previous graduates participated in the 2007 AOA Match.
 Total graduates matched and matched with first choice during both the 2006 and 2007 AOA Match do not include military Match participants or data from the post-Match scramble. However, these data do include graduates from previous years. Percentages cannot be calculated because data for previous graduates by each college of osteopathic medicine (COM) are not available.
 §Of 2886 graduates and previous graduates that participated in the 2006 Match, 329 (11%) matched to AOA internships as a result of the post-Match scramble, bringing the total of graduates matched to AOA programs to 1525 (53%). In 2007, the post-Match scramble brought an additional 396 (12%) of 3175 graduates and previous graduates to AOA programs, bringing the 2007 total to 1663 (52%).
×
A total of 1196 (41%) graduates from the class of 2006 and previous graduates matched into internships through the AOA Match, with 1045 graduates (87%) matching to their first choice (Table 1). An additional 329 graduates (11%) successfully matched to AOA positions in the post-Match scramble, raising the total number of trainees in osteopathic positions to 1525 (53%). In the 2006-2007 academic year, 1267 (40%) graduates and previous graduates matched into internships through the AOA Match, with 1097 graduates (87%) matching into their first choice. An additional 396 graduates (12%) matched to AOA positions during the post-Match scramble. Accordingly, the total number of trainees matched to osteopathic positions in 2007 increased to 1663 (52%). From the 2004-2005 to 2006-2007 academic years, the number of students entering osteopathic training programs increased over 10%, but because of the simultaneously increasing number of graduating students, the market share shows only a 1.5% increase. 
As in previous years, traditional internship programs had the highest Match numbers among osteopathic medical graduates (Table 2 and Table 3).1,4 However, the data for next year's programs are expected to change substantially as a result of the restructuring of the traditional osteopathic internship, as previously described. 
Table 2
AOA Intern/Resident Registration Program: Intern Match Summary for the Class of 2006 by COM and Program Type


COM, No. (%)*


COM, No. (%)*

Internship Type
DMU-COM
KCOM-ATSU
KCUMB-COM
LECOM
MSUCOM
MWU/AZCOM
MWU/CCOM
NSU-COM
NYCOM
OSU-COM
Internship Program Type
OU-COM
PCOM
PCSOM
TUCOM-CA
UMDNJ-SOM
UNECOM
UNTHSC/TCOM
VCOM
WesternU/COMP
WVSOM
Total
Anesthesiology2 (3)1 (2)0001 (3)0001 (2)Anesthesiology001 (4)1 (3)000NA007
Diagnostic radiology 1 (1) 0 0 1 (1) 4 (4) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 Diagnostic radiology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA 0 0 7
Emergency medicine3 (4)1 (2)8 (14)5 (4)6 (6)2 (6)1 (2)1 (2)8 (7)6 (13)Emergency medicine3 (5)2 (1)2 (7)2 (7)2 (4)1 (3)2 (8)NA01 (2)56
Family practice 5 (7) 8 (13) 4 (7) 13 (12) 10 (10) 1 (3) 1 (2) 8 (12) 5 (4) 10 (22) Family practice 7 (13) 14 (10) 4 (15) 4 (13) 7 (13) 10 (25) 4 (15) NA 3 (7) 8 (15) 126
Internal medicine7 (10)3 (5)7 (12)8 (7)19 (20)3 (9)3 (6)10 (15)9 (8)5 (11)Internal medicine5 (9)12 (8)3 (11)3 (10)3 (6)1 (3)3 (12)NA6 (14)10 (18)120
Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA 0 1 (2) 1
Obstetrics and gynecology1 (1)4 (7)3 (5)2 (2)5 (5)1 (3)1 (2)1 (2)02 (4)Obstetrics and gynecology2 (4)2 (1)1 (4)1 (3)1 (2)00NA3 (7)2 (4)32
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 3 (4) 1 (2) 4 (7) 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 0 0 2 (2) 0 Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 1 (2) 1 (1) 0 1 (3) 0 0 0 NA 0 0 15
Pediatrics2 (3)2 (3)02 (2)5 (5)2 (6)1 (2)1 (2)7 (6)2 (4)Pediatrics09 (6)1 (4)05 (9)1 (3)0NA01 (2)41
Psychiatry 1 (1) 0 0 0 1 (1) 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 Psychiatry00002 (4)00NA005
Traditional rotating43 (61)38 (63)31 (54)78 (70)45 (47)21 (64)39 (81)43 (66)82 (71)17 (38) Traditional rotating 37 (67) 105 (72) 15 (56) 17 (57) 32 (60) 26 (65) 17 (65) NA 29 (69) 31 (56) 746
Surgery 2 (3) 2 (3) 0 2 (2) 0 2 (6) 1 (2) 0 3 (3) 2 (4) Surgery01 (1)01 (3)1 (2)1 (3)0NA1 (2)019
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NA 0
1 (2)
1
Matched, No. 70 60 57 112 96 33 48 65 116 45 Matched, No. 55 146 27 30 53 40 26 NA 42 55 1176
 Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; COM, college of osteopathic medicine; NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established in Appendix 1 on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Some percentages do not total 100 because of rounding.
 Indicates specialty track internship specialties. Except for traditional rotating internships, all other internship program types listed are special emphasis internship specialties. Pathology, though it is not included in this table, is also a special emphasis internship specialty.
 A total of 1176 graduates in 2006 participated in the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”) and were matched to internships. This total does not include previous graduates, military match participants, or data from the post-Match scramble.
Table 2
AOA Intern/Resident Registration Program: Intern Match Summary for the Class of 2006 by COM and Program Type


COM, No. (%)*


COM, No. (%)*

Internship Type
DMU-COM
KCOM-ATSU
KCUMB-COM
LECOM
MSUCOM
MWU/AZCOM
MWU/CCOM
NSU-COM
NYCOM
OSU-COM
Internship Program Type
OU-COM
PCOM
PCSOM
TUCOM-CA
UMDNJ-SOM
UNECOM
UNTHSC/TCOM
VCOM
WesternU/COMP
WVSOM
Total
Anesthesiology2 (3)1 (2)0001 (3)0001 (2)Anesthesiology001 (4)1 (3)000NA007
Diagnostic radiology 1 (1) 0 0 1 (1) 4 (4) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 Diagnostic radiology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA 0 0 7
Emergency medicine3 (4)1 (2)8 (14)5 (4)6 (6)2 (6)1 (2)1 (2)8 (7)6 (13)Emergency medicine3 (5)2 (1)2 (7)2 (7)2 (4)1 (3)2 (8)NA01 (2)56
Family practice 5 (7) 8 (13) 4 (7) 13 (12) 10 (10) 1 (3) 1 (2) 8 (12) 5 (4) 10 (22) Family practice 7 (13) 14 (10) 4 (15) 4 (13) 7 (13) 10 (25) 4 (15) NA 3 (7) 8 (15) 126
Internal medicine7 (10)3 (5)7 (12)8 (7)19 (20)3 (9)3 (6)10 (15)9 (8)5 (11)Internal medicine5 (9)12 (8)3 (11)3 (10)3 (6)1 (3)3 (12)NA6 (14)10 (18)120
Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA 0 1 (2) 1
Obstetrics and gynecology1 (1)4 (7)3 (5)2 (2)5 (5)1 (3)1 (2)1 (2)02 (4)Obstetrics and gynecology2 (4)2 (1)1 (4)1 (3)1 (2)00NA3 (7)2 (4)32
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 3 (4) 1 (2) 4 (7) 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 0 0 2 (2) 0 Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 1 (2) 1 (1) 0 1 (3) 0 0 0 NA 0 0 15
Pediatrics2 (3)2 (3)02 (2)5 (5)2 (6)1 (2)1 (2)7 (6)2 (4)Pediatrics09 (6)1 (4)05 (9)1 (3)0NA01 (2)41
Psychiatry 1 (1) 0 0 0 1 (1) 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 Psychiatry00002 (4)00NA005
Traditional rotating43 (61)38 (63)31 (54)78 (70)45 (47)21 (64)39 (81)43 (66)82 (71)17 (38) Traditional rotating 37 (67) 105 (72) 15 (56) 17 (57) 32 (60) 26 (65) 17 (65) NA 29 (69) 31 (56) 746
Surgery 2 (3) 2 (3) 0 2 (2) 0 2 (6) 1 (2) 0 3 (3) 2 (4) Surgery01 (1)01 (3)1 (2)1 (3)0NA1 (2)019
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NA 0
1 (2)
1
Matched, No. 70 60 57 112 96 33 48 65 116 45 Matched, No. 55 146 27 30 53 40 26 NA 42 55 1176
 Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; COM, college of osteopathic medicine; NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established in Appendix 1 on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Some percentages do not total 100 because of rounding.
 Indicates specialty track internship specialties. Except for traditional rotating internships, all other internship program types listed are special emphasis internship specialties. Pathology, though it is not included in this table, is also a special emphasis internship specialty.
 A total of 1176 graduates in 2006 participated in the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”) and were matched to internships. This total does not include previous graduates, military match participants, or data from the post-Match scramble.
×
Table 3
AOA Intern/Resident Registration Program: Intern Match Summary for the Class of 2007 by COM and Program Type


COM, No. (%)*


COM, No. (%)*

Internship Type
DMU-COM
KCOM-ATSU
KCUMB-COM
LECOM
MSUCOM
MWU/AZCOM
MWU/CCOM
NSU-COM
NYCOM
OSU-COM
Internship Program Type
OU-COM
PCOM
PCSOM
TUCOM-CA
UMDNJ-SOM
UNECOM
UNTHSC/TCOM
VCOM
WesternU/COMP
WVSOM
Total
Anesthesiology02 (4)1 (1)01 (1)00001 (2)Anesthesiology001 (3)001 (3)0001 (2)8
Diagnostic radiology 1 (2) 1 (2) 0 0 1 (1) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 Diagnostic radiology 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (5) 0 2 (5) 0 7
Emergency medicine4 (8)4 (8)11 (15)5 (4)6 (5)2 (8)3 (5)2 (3)16 (14)6 (15)Emergency medicine4 (9)3 (2)01 (2)1 (2)002 (4)2 (5)1 (2)73
Family practice 3 (6) 6 (12) 4 (5) 16 (13) 14 (12) 4 (15) 2 (4) 4 (5) 14 (13) 10 (24) Family practice 7 (15) 9 (6) 4 (11) 4 (9) 7 (14) 3 (9) 6 (27) 6 (12) 2 (5) 5 (10) 130
Internal medicine5 (10)7 (14)12 (16)17 (13)23 (20)3 (12)4 (7)16 (20)1 (1)5 (12)Internal medicine4 (9)27 (18)2 (6)10 (23)9 (18)2 (6)3 (14)6 (12)4 (10)7 (14)167
Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 3
Obstetrics and gynecology3 (6)3 (6)2 (3)2 (2)12 (11)006 (8)6 (5)1 (2)Obstetrics and gynecology3 (7)2 (1)00001 (5)2 (4)5 (12)1 (2)49
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 4 (8) 1 (2) 1 (1) 0 3 (3) 0 1 (2) 0 0 1 (2) Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 0 2 (1) 2 (6) 0 0 0 1 (5) 0 0 0 16
Pediatrics2 (4)2 (4)1 (1)07 (6)001 (1)6 (5)3 (7)Pediatrics3 (7)4 (3)2 (6)01 (2)0001 (2)1 (2)34
Psychiatry 0 0 0 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 Psychiatry 0 0 1 (3) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 4
Traditional rotating26 (51)21 (42)42 (56)84 (67)44 (39)17 (65)43 (78)48 (60)66 (59)12 (29)Traditional rotating25 (54)102 (68)22 (61)25 (58)30 (61)27 (82)10 (45)35 (67)22 (54)33 (66)734
Surgery 3 (6) 2 (4) 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 1 (2) 3 (4) 2 (2) 2 (5) Surgery 0 0 2 (6) 3 (7) 0 0 0 0 3 (7) 0 24
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 (2)
1
Matched, No. 51 50 75 126 113 26 55 80 111 41 Matched, No. 46 150 36 43 49 33 22 52 41 50 1250
 Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; COM, college of osteopathic medicine; NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established in Appendix 1 on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Some percentages do not total 100 because of rounding.
 Indicates specialty track internship specialties. Except for traditional rotating internships, all other internship program types listed are special emphasis internship specialties. Pathology, though it is not included in this table, is also a special emphasis internship specialty.
 A total of 1250 graduates in 2007 participated in the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”) and were matched to internships. This total does not include previous graduates, military match participants, or data from the post-Match scramble.
Table 3
AOA Intern/Resident Registration Program: Intern Match Summary for the Class of 2007 by COM and Program Type


COM, No. (%)*


COM, No. (%)*

Internship Type
DMU-COM
KCOM-ATSU
KCUMB-COM
LECOM
MSUCOM
MWU/AZCOM
MWU/CCOM
NSU-COM
NYCOM
OSU-COM
Internship Program Type
OU-COM
PCOM
PCSOM
TUCOM-CA
UMDNJ-SOM
UNECOM
UNTHSC/TCOM
VCOM
WesternU/COMP
WVSOM
Total
Anesthesiology02 (4)1 (1)01 (1)00001 (2)Anesthesiology001 (3)001 (3)0001 (2)8
Diagnostic radiology 1 (2) 1 (2) 0 0 1 (1) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 Diagnostic radiology 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (5) 0 2 (5) 0 7
Emergency medicine4 (8)4 (8)11 (15)5 (4)6 (5)2 (8)3 (5)2 (3)16 (14)6 (15)Emergency medicine4 (9)3 (2)01 (2)1 (2)002 (4)2 (5)1 (2)73
Family practice 3 (6) 6 (12) 4 (5) 16 (13) 14 (12) 4 (15) 2 (4) 4 (5) 14 (13) 10 (24) Family practice 7 (15) 9 (6) 4 (11) 4 (9) 7 (14) 3 (9) 6 (27) 6 (12) 2 (5) 5 (10) 130
Internal medicine5 (10)7 (14)12 (16)17 (13)23 (20)3 (12)4 (7)16 (20)1 (1)5 (12)Internal medicine4 (9)27 (18)2 (6)10 (23)9 (18)2 (6)3 (14)6 (12)4 (10)7 (14)167
Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 3
Obstetrics and gynecology3 (6)3 (6)2 (3)2 (2)12 (11)006 (8)6 (5)1 (2)Obstetrics and gynecology3 (7)2 (1)00001 (5)2 (4)5 (12)1 (2)49
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 4 (8) 1 (2) 1 (1) 0 3 (3) 0 1 (2) 0 0 1 (2) Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 0 2 (1) 2 (6) 0 0 0 1 (5) 0 0 0 16
Pediatrics2 (4)2 (4)1 (1)07 (6)001 (1)6 (5)3 (7)Pediatrics3 (7)4 (3)2 (6)01 (2)0001 (2)1 (2)34
Psychiatry 0 0 0 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 Psychiatry 0 0 1 (3) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 4
Traditional rotating26 (51)21 (42)42 (56)84 (67)44 (39)17 (65)43 (78)48 (60)66 (59)12 (29)Traditional rotating25 (54)102 (68)22 (61)25 (58)30 (61)27 (82)10 (45)35 (67)22 (54)33 (66)734
Surgery 3 (6) 2 (4) 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 1 (2) 3 (4) 2 (2) 2 (5) Surgery 0 0 2 (6) 3 (7) 0 0 0 0 3 (7) 0 24
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 (2)
1
Matched, No. 51 50 75 126 113 26 55 80 111 41 Matched, No. 46 150 36 43 49 33 22 52 41 50 1250
 Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; COM, college of osteopathic medicine; NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established in Appendix 1 on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Some percentages do not total 100 because of rounding.
 Indicates specialty track internship specialties. Except for traditional rotating internships, all other internship program types listed are special emphasis internship specialties. Pathology, though it is not included in this table, is also a special emphasis internship specialty.
 A total of 1250 graduates in 2007 participated in the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”) and were matched to internships. This total does not include previous graduates, military match participants, or data from the post-Match scramble.
×
There has been significant growth in the number of osteopathic students electing to train in the military in the past several years. In 2003, 48 graduates (1.8%) matched into military training positions. That number rose to 211 (7.3%) in 2006 and then to 226 (6.8%) in 2007. Osteopathic physicians trained in the military have the option to become board certified in their specialty by either the AOA or the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). Between 2003 and 2007, 247 osteopathic physicians have applied for approval of their military training for AOA certification. 
The AOA has established mechanisms by which osteopathic physicians may obtain approval for training provided through the ACGME (Resolution 42 [A/2000]—Approval of ACGME Training as an AOA-Approved Internship). This approval is key for those osteopathic physicians seeking medical licensure in states requiring an osteopathic internship and for those physicians desiring osteopathic board certification. Between July 2001 and December 2007, a total of 1603 osteopathic physicians have petitioned the AOA for approval of their first year of ACGME postgraduate training, of which 1217 (76%) have been approved. An additional 369 requests (23%) have been given approval, “pending completion of the requirements.” In addition, 10 applicants (<1%) have been denied, and 7 (<1%) withdrew their requests. 
Osteopathic Graduate Medical Education Programs
As noted elsewhere, annual data on OGME is reported using information gathered from the AOA's Intern/Resident Registration Program and data reported by AOA-approved residency programs using the AOA's TIVRA reporting system. Although data from the Match does not change in a given year, program data does change because the AOA COPT and the Program and Trainee Review Council meet three times per year to approve residency programs and positions. Program data reported in the present article are current as of May 31, 2007, and will be finalized in THE JOURNAL`s 2009 Medical Education issue. 
In the 2006-2007 academic year, 11,140 osteopathic physicians were in either osteopathic or allopathic (ie, ACGME-accredited) postdoctoral training programs (Figure 2).1,4-14 A total of 4511 trainees (40%) were in AOA-approved programs and 6629 (60%) were in ACGME programs.10 This number represents a slightly higher number of osteopathic physicians attending osteopathic programs during the 2005-2006 academic year, when 4020 (38%) osteopathic trainees were in AOA programs and 6474 (62%) were in ACGME programs.11 
In addition, there were 90 residency training programs in 2006 that were dually accredited by the AOA and the ACGME as well as 19 parallel training programs that were AOA approved but occurred side-by-side with ACGME training programs in the same institution. Trainees who complete dual programs have the option to become board certified by either or both the AOA and the ABMS. Trainees who complete parallel programs are only eligible to become AOA–board certified. 
As reported last year,1 approximately 75% of all AOA-approved internship training positions are located in seven states: Florida, Illinois, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania (Table 4). Although some states had fewer positions compared with 2005-2006 data, 10 states had an increase of approved positions (Figure 3). As a result, there was a total increase of 31 positions in the 2006-2007 academic year—a 1% increase from the previous year. 
The number of AOA-approved first year positions decreased slightly from 2704 in the 2005-2006 academic year to 2688 in the 2006-2007 academic year. Although a number of training positions were lost as a result of program closures, the Program and Trainee Review Council approved 644 new positions between April 2007 and November 2007. Funded positions give a better perspective on change than approved positions, which may or may not be funded. In 2005, 2165 positions were funded, 2206 positions were funded in 2006, and 2189 positions were funded in 2007. The fill rates for these funded positions were 68%, 69%, and 76%, respectively. As of January 2, 2008, 633 programs were registered to participate in the AOA Match with a total number of 2456 positions available for the 2330 COM graduates who registered for the Match. 
In the 2006-2007 academic year, there were 665 approved AOA residency programs (Table 5) compared with 648 AOA-approved residency programs in the 2005-2006 academic year and 569 approved programs in the 2004-2005 academic year. Although there were 6045 positions available in the 2006-2007 academic year, slightly fewer than half of the positions (2989 [49%]) were filled. However, this data represents an improvement from the previous year, in which only 2535 (44%) of 5766 positions were filled. 
Table 5
No. of AOA–Approved Residency Programs and Residents Filling Available Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialty, 2004-2007


2004-2005

2005-2006

2006-2007
Specialty
Programs
Positions
Residents
Programs
Positions
Residents
Programs
Positions
Residents
Anesthesiology117050127357117364
□ Anesthesiology and pain management 2 3 0 2 3 1 2 30 0
Dermatology18955619106661910883
Diagnostic radiology 13 109 74 14 129 100 14 130 105
□ Radiation oncology000000000
□ Radiology (Vascular interventional) 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0
Emergency medicine396403653969240142728472
□ Emergency medicine and internal medicine 13 109 64 12 113 73 12 133 73
Family practice147163255716417265071681743629
□ Family practice and emergency medicine 4 24 12 5 36 14 5 48 21
Geriatrics§520483548354
Internal medicine 63 735 237 74 853 237 79 973 286
□ Cardiac electrophysiologyNANANANANANA130
□ Cardiology 15 86 44 18 108 47 18 113 69
□ Cardiology (Interventional)35151206154
□ Critical care medicine# 3 6 1 4 10 3 5 13 5
□ Endocrinology000241273
□ Gastroenterology 7 24 15 7 24 15 8 28 17
□ Hematology and oncology121251251
□ Infectious diseases 2 8 1 2 8 2 2 8 2
□ Nephrology39461876188
□ Oncology 1 3 0 1 3 0 2 6 0
□ Pulmonary (Critical care)312751765178
□ Pulmonary medicine 1 2 0 2 5 0 3 7 0
□ Rheumatology360362385
Neurology 6 39 25 6 39 20 6 39 20
Neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine**146224218516207223
Obstetrics and gynecology††313201593533616132348153
□ Maternal and fetal medicine 1 3 0 2 6 1 3 9 1
Ophthalmology94230114836125738
Orthopedic surgery 28 316 235 29 341 252 30 350 291
□ Hand surgery‡‡NANANA130130
□ Orthopedic spine surgery‡‡ NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery§§1992681997721910277
Pathology 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
□ Forensic pathology‡‡NANANA110110
Pediatrics 15 162 59 14 154 63 14 154 65
□ Pediatric emergency medicine141000000
□ Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
□ Pediatrics (Internal medicine)2105166166
Physical medicine and rehabilitation medicine 1 9 6 3 28 14 3 28 16
Preventive medicine and public health131130131
□ Preventive medicine (Occupational and environmental) 1 3 0 1 3 0 0 0 0
Proctology120121121
Psychiatry 4 42 19 5 48 24 6 51 36
□ Child psychiatry120120121
Sports medicine∥∥ 13 44 5 14 48 10 13 42 13
Surgery (General)363292174036823439387287
□ General vascular surgery 7 18 1 9 21 5 9 20 4
□ Neurological surgery95238116639128649
□ Plastic and reconstructive surgery 2 9 8 4 14 9 5 18 13
□ Thoracic and cardiovascular surgery¶¶313021102111
□ Urological surgery 5
37
27
7
44
28
7
45
34
Total 569 5217 2422 648 5766 2535 665 6045 2989
 * Data shown for residency programs, positions, and residents is reported by the residency programs to the AOA's Division of Postdoctoral Training through the AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system. Although Match data does not change in a given year, program data does change because the AOA Council on Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training's Program and Trainee Review Committee, which has the sole authority to approve osteopathic medical residency programs and positions, meets quarterly and newly approved residency programs and positions are added to the AOA database at that time. Therefore, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete and will be finalized in the JAOA's 2009 Medical Education issue. Changes made to the data reported for the 2005-2006 academic year follow: (1) The number of AOA-approved residency programs for neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine was originally reported as 22, but has been updated to 21. (2) Similarly, the number of AOA-approved residency program positions for neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine was originally reported as 88, but has been updated to 85. (3) Consequently, the total number of AOA-approved residency programs for the 2005-2006 academic year was originally reported as 649, but has been updated to 648. (4) The total number of residency positions for the 2005-2006 academic year was originally reported as 5769, but has been updated to 5766.Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not applicable.Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown; and AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system, academic year 2006-2007. Data for the 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 academic years have been reported previously in JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.1,4 As noted in the first footnote, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete.
 Emergency medicine includes emergency medical services.
 Family practice includes family practice and osteopathic manipulative medicine as well as family practice and osteopathic manipulative treatment.
 §Geriatrics includes geriatrics and family practice as well as geriatrics and internal medicine.
 Data is also available for interns and residents in their first year on the following specialty tracks: internal medicine (2004-2005, 110; 2005-2006, 106; and 2006-2007, 166), obstetrics and gynecology (2004-2005, 33; 2005-2006, 42; and 2006-2007, 46), otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery (2004-2005, 14; 2005-2006, 19; and 2006-2007, 16), and pediatrics (2004-2005, 34; 2005-2006, 35; and 2006-2007, 46). These numbers are exclusive of residency number. The total number of tracked internships for each academic year noted is as follows: 2004-2005, 191; 2005-2006, 202; and 2006-2007, 274.
 Residency programs were approved by the AOA for cardiac electrophysiology in the 2006-2007 academic year.
 #Critical care medicine includes critical care (surgery).
 **Neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine includes neuromusculoskeletal medicine +1.
 ††Obstetrics and gynecology includes gynecological oncology.
 ‡‡Residency programs were approved by the AOA for hand surgery, orthopedic spine surgery, and forensic pathology in the 2005-2006 academic year.
 §§Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery includes otolaryngology and otolaryngologic allergy.
 ∥∥Sports medicine includes sports medicine and family practice.
 ¶¶Thoracic and cardiovascular surgery includes cardiothoracic surgery.
Table 5
No. of AOA–Approved Residency Programs and Residents Filling Available Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialty, 2004-2007


2004-2005

2005-2006

2006-2007
Specialty
Programs
Positions
Residents
Programs
Positions
Residents
Programs
Positions
Residents
Anesthesiology117050127357117364
□ Anesthesiology and pain management 2 3 0 2 3 1 2 30 0
Dermatology18955619106661910883
Diagnostic radiology 13 109 74 14 129 100 14 130 105
□ Radiation oncology000000000
□ Radiology (Vascular interventional) 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0
Emergency medicine396403653969240142728472
□ Emergency medicine and internal medicine 13 109 64 12 113 73 12 133 73
Family practice147163255716417265071681743629
□ Family practice and emergency medicine 4 24 12 5 36 14 5 48 21
Geriatrics§520483548354
Internal medicine 63 735 237 74 853 237 79 973 286
□ Cardiac electrophysiologyNANANANANANA130
□ Cardiology 15 86 44 18 108 47 18 113 69
□ Cardiology (Interventional)35151206154
□ Critical care medicine# 3 6 1 4 10 3 5 13 5
□ Endocrinology000241273
□ Gastroenterology 7 24 15 7 24 15 8 28 17
□ Hematology and oncology121251251
□ Infectious diseases 2 8 1 2 8 2 2 8 2
□ Nephrology39461876188
□ Oncology 1 3 0 1 3 0 2 6 0
□ Pulmonary (Critical care)312751765178
□ Pulmonary medicine 1 2 0 2 5 0 3 7 0
□ Rheumatology360362385
Neurology 6 39 25 6 39 20 6 39 20
Neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine**146224218516207223
Obstetrics and gynecology††313201593533616132348153
□ Maternal and fetal medicine 1 3 0 2 6 1 3 9 1
Ophthalmology94230114836125738
Orthopedic surgery 28 316 235 29 341 252 30 350 291
□ Hand surgery‡‡NANANA130130
□ Orthopedic spine surgery‡‡ NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery§§1992681997721910277
Pathology 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
□ Forensic pathology‡‡NANANA110110
Pediatrics 15 162 59 14 154 63 14 154 65
□ Pediatric emergency medicine141000000
□ Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
□ Pediatrics (Internal medicine)2105166166
Physical medicine and rehabilitation medicine 1 9 6 3 28 14 3 28 16
Preventive medicine and public health131130131
□ Preventive medicine (Occupational and environmental) 1 3 0 1 3 0 0 0 0
Proctology120121121
Psychiatry 4 42 19 5 48 24 6 51 36
□ Child psychiatry120120121
Sports medicine∥∥ 13 44 5 14 48 10 13 42 13
Surgery (General)363292174036823439387287
□ General vascular surgery 7 18 1 9 21 5 9 20 4
□ Neurological surgery95238116639128649
□ Plastic and reconstructive surgery 2 9 8 4 14 9 5 18 13
□ Thoracic and cardiovascular surgery¶¶313021102111
□ Urological surgery 5
37
27
7
44
28
7
45
34
Total 569 5217 2422 648 5766 2535 665 6045 2989
 * Data shown for residency programs, positions, and residents is reported by the residency programs to the AOA's Division of Postdoctoral Training through the AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system. Although Match data does not change in a given year, program data does change because the AOA Council on Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training's Program and Trainee Review Committee, which has the sole authority to approve osteopathic medical residency programs and positions, meets quarterly and newly approved residency programs and positions are added to the AOA database at that time. Therefore, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete and will be finalized in the JAOA's 2009 Medical Education issue. Changes made to the data reported for the 2005-2006 academic year follow: (1) The number of AOA-approved residency programs for neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine was originally reported as 22, but has been updated to 21. (2) Similarly, the number of AOA-approved residency program positions for neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine was originally reported as 88, but has been updated to 85. (3) Consequently, the total number of AOA-approved residency programs for the 2005-2006 academic year was originally reported as 649, but has been updated to 648. (4) The total number of residency positions for the 2005-2006 academic year was originally reported as 5769, but has been updated to 5766.Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not applicable.Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown; and AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system, academic year 2006-2007. Data for the 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 academic years have been reported previously in JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.1,4 As noted in the first footnote, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete.
 Emergency medicine includes emergency medical services.
 Family practice includes family practice and osteopathic manipulative medicine as well as family practice and osteopathic manipulative treatment.
 §Geriatrics includes geriatrics and family practice as well as geriatrics and internal medicine.
 Data is also available for interns and residents in their first year on the following specialty tracks: internal medicine (2004-2005, 110; 2005-2006, 106; and 2006-2007, 166), obstetrics and gynecology (2004-2005, 33; 2005-2006, 42; and 2006-2007, 46), otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery (2004-2005, 14; 2005-2006, 19; and 2006-2007, 16), and pediatrics (2004-2005, 34; 2005-2006, 35; and 2006-2007, 46). These numbers are exclusive of residency number. The total number of tracked internships for each academic year noted is as follows: 2004-2005, 191; 2005-2006, 202; and 2006-2007, 274.
 Residency programs were approved by the AOA for cardiac electrophysiology in the 2006-2007 academic year.
 #Critical care medicine includes critical care (surgery).
 **Neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine includes neuromusculoskeletal medicine +1.
 ††Obstetrics and gynecology includes gynecological oncology.
 ‡‡Residency programs were approved by the AOA for hand surgery, orthopedic spine surgery, and forensic pathology in the 2005-2006 academic year.
 §§Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery includes otolaryngology and otolaryngologic allergy.
 ∥∥Sports medicine includes sports medicine and family practice.
 ¶¶Thoracic and cardiovascular surgery includes cardiothoracic surgery.
×
Conclusion
Postdoctoral residency training continues to demonstrate positive growth. It is expected that the growing number of COMS, located in geographic regions where osteopathic opportunities have been limited, will positively impact growth. In addition, several initiatives are underway to support growth in postdoctoral training.15-18 The AOA OGME Development Initiative has been breaking ground with hospitals that are eligible for funding from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, particularly hospitals in states that currently have few OGME positions available.15 Advisors are available to assist interested stakeholders to understand financial and academic requirements needed to start new programs through this initiative. Both new and existing COMs that are located in underserved geographic regions have developed programs and initiatives to provide additional training programs for their graduates and others who hope to relocate to these areas.16 The Medical Education Summit II, held in November 2007 in Lombard, Ill, focused the 3-day agenda entirely on OGME.17,18 Together, leaders in the osteopathic medical profession and particularly osteopathic medical education continue to develop recommendations and prioritize actions that will enhance OGME and ultimately move the profession forward. 
Figure 1.
Trends of osteopathic physician (DO) enrollment in both osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Although Match data does not change in a given year, program data does change because the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Council on Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training and the Program and Trainee Review Council, which have the authority to approve osteopathic medical residency programs and positions, meet three times per year, and newly approved residency programs and positions are added to the AOA database at that time. Therefore, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete and will be finalized in the JAOA`s 2009 Medical Education issue. *Total college of osteopathic medicine (COM) graduates do not include previous years' graduates. †Total DOs in AOA internships include trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the AOA Division of Postdoctoral Training for the academic years shown; and AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system, academic year 2006-2007. Data for academic years 1997-1998 through 2005-2006 were previously published in the JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association1,4-9 and JAMA.10-14
Figure 1.
Trends of osteopathic physician (DO) enrollment in both osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Although Match data does not change in a given year, program data does change because the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Council on Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training and the Program and Trainee Review Council, which have the authority to approve osteopathic medical residency programs and positions, meet three times per year, and newly approved residency programs and positions are added to the AOA database at that time. Therefore, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete and will be finalized in the JAOA`s 2009 Medical Education issue. *Total college of osteopathic medicine (COM) graduates do not include previous years' graduates. †Total DOs in AOA internships include trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the AOA Division of Postdoctoral Training for the academic years shown; and AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system, academic year 2006-2007. Data for academic years 1997-1998 through 2005-2006 were previously published in the JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association1,4-9 and JAMA.10-14
Figure 2.
American Osteopathic Association's Intern/Resident Registration Program. When compared with data reported for the 2005-2006 academic year, the number of approved osteopathic medical internships in the 2006-2007 academic year increased in 10 states but decreased in 7 states, for an overall net gain of 31 AOA-approved internship positions.
Figure 2.
American Osteopathic Association's Intern/Resident Registration Program. When compared with data reported for the 2005-2006 academic year, the number of approved osteopathic medical internships in the 2006-2007 academic year increased in 10 states but decreased in 7 states, for an overall net gain of 31 AOA-approved internship positions.
Obradovic JL, Winslow-Falbo P. Osteopathic graduate medical education. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2007;107:57-66. Available at: http://www.jaoa.org/cgi/content/full/107/2/57. Accessed March 5, 2008.
Postdoctoral training. American Osteopathic Association Web site. Available at: https://www.do-online.org/index.cfm?au=D&PageId=edu_main&SubPageId=sir_postdoc. Accessed March 5, 2008.
American Osteopathic Association. Accreditation Document for Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training Institutions and the Basic Document for Postdoctoral Training Programs. Chicago, Ill: American Osteopathic Association; 2007. Available at: https://www.do-online.org/index.cfm?PageID=acc_postdocstds. Accessed March 5, 2008.
Obradovic JL, Beaudry SW, Winslow-Falbo P. Osteopathic graduate medical education. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2006;106:59-68. Available at: http://www.jaoa.org/cgi/content/full/106/2/59. Accessed March 5, 2008.
Obradovic JL, Beaudry SW, Winslow-Falbo P. Osteopathic graduate medical education. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2004;104:468-478. Available at: http://www.jaoa.org/cgi/content/full/104/11/468. Accessed March 5, 2008.
Obradovic JL, Winslow-Falbo P. Osteopathic graduate medical education. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2003;103:513-522. Available at: http://www.jaoa.org/cgi/reprint/103/11/513. Accessed March 5, 2008.
Obradovic JL, Bronersky VM, Winslow-Falbo P. Osteopathic graduate medical education. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2002;102:582-589. Available at: http://www.jaoa.org/cgi/reprint/102/11/582. Accessed March 5, 2008.
Swartwout JE, Bronersky VM, Winslow-Falbo P. Osteopathic graduate medical education. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2001;101:653-659. Available at: http://www.jaoa.org/cgi/reprint/101/11/653. Accessed March 5, 2008.
Swallow CS. Osteopathic graduate medical education. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2000;100:681-690. Available at: http://www.jaoa.org/cgi/reprint/100/11/681. Accessed March 5, 2008.
Brotherton SE, Etzel SI. II. Graduate Medical Education, 2006-2007 [appendix]. JAMA. 2007;298:1081-1096.
Brotherton SE, Etzel SI. II. Graduate Medical Education, 2005-2006 [appendix]. JAMA. 2006;296:1154-1169.
II. Graduate Medical Education [appendix]. JAMA. 2000;284:1159-1171.
II. Graduate Medical Education [appendix]. JAMA. 1999;282:893-907.
II. Graduate Medical Education [appendix]. JAMA. 1998;280:836-845.
Kasovac M. The osteopathic graduate medical education development initiative. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2001;201:677-678. Available at: http://www.jaoa.org/cgi/reprint/101/11/677. Accessed March 8, 2008.
VCOM: serving the underserved. American Osteopathic Association Web site. Available at: https://www.do-online.org/index.cfm?PageID=ost_vcom. Accessed March 8, 2008.
Watson DK, Nichols KJ. Medical education summits: charting the course of the osteopathic medical profession. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2008;108:110-115.
Schierhorn C. Slumping OGME piques educators at summit. The DO. February(2008). ;49:22-28.
Figure 1.
Trends of osteopathic physician (DO) enrollment in both osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Although Match data does not change in a given year, program data does change because the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Council on Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training and the Program and Trainee Review Council, which have the authority to approve osteopathic medical residency programs and positions, meet three times per year, and newly approved residency programs and positions are added to the AOA database at that time. Therefore, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete and will be finalized in the JAOA`s 2009 Medical Education issue. *Total college of osteopathic medicine (COM) graduates do not include previous years' graduates. †Total DOs in AOA internships include trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the AOA Division of Postdoctoral Training for the academic years shown; and AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system, academic year 2006-2007. Data for academic years 1997-1998 through 2005-2006 were previously published in the JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association1,4-9 and JAMA.10-14
Figure 1.
Trends of osteopathic physician (DO) enrollment in both osteopathic and allopathic postdoctoral training programs. Although Match data does not change in a given year, program data does change because the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Council on Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training and the Program and Trainee Review Council, which have the authority to approve osteopathic medical residency programs and positions, meet three times per year, and newly approved residency programs and positions are added to the AOA database at that time. Therefore, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete and will be finalized in the JAOA`s 2009 Medical Education issue. *Total college of osteopathic medicine (COM) graduates do not include previous years' graduates. †Total DOs in AOA internships include trainees who matched to osteopathic internship positions during both the Match and post-Match scramble. Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the AOA Division of Postdoctoral Training for the academic years shown; and AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system, academic year 2006-2007. Data for academic years 1997-1998 through 2005-2006 were previously published in the JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association1,4-9 and JAMA.10-14
Figure 2.
American Osteopathic Association's Intern/Resident Registration Program. When compared with data reported for the 2005-2006 academic year, the number of approved osteopathic medical internships in the 2006-2007 academic year increased in 10 states but decreased in 7 states, for an overall net gain of 31 AOA-approved internship positions.
Figure 2.
American Osteopathic Association's Intern/Resident Registration Program. When compared with data reported for the 2005-2006 academic year, the number of approved osteopathic medical internships in the 2006-2007 academic year increased in 10 states but decreased in 7 states, for an overall net gain of 31 AOA-approved internship positions.
Table 1
AOA Registration Program: Intern Match Participants Matched to First Choice Osteopathic Medical Internship Positions by COM *



2006 AOA Match


2007 AOA Match
COM
Class of 2006 Graduates, No.
Matched, No.
Matched With First Choice, No.
Class of 2007 Graduates, No.
Matched, No.
Matched With First Choice, No.
DMU-COM20271661895345
KCOM-ATSU 156 60 55 156 51 47
KCUMB-COM21257542267563
LECOM 204 112 92 230 127 103
MSUCOM1139792136113107
MWU/AZCOM 138 34 29 132 28 25
MWU/CCOM16448421815650
NSU-COM 184 73 66 189 81 66
NYCOM25211810030711397
OSU-COM 92 45 42 83 41 36
OU-COM10556541024642
PCOM 245 148 118 239 151 123
PCSOM582723713635
TUCOM-CA 117 30 26 136 43 38
UMDNJ-SOM895547914943
UNECOM 124 41 37 111 34 28
UNTHSC/TCOM11526181262222
VCOM NA NA NA 144 52 48
WesternU/COMP15443341554536
WVSOM 90
55
50
99
51
43
Total28141196§104531031267§1097
 Abbreviations: NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Table data appears differently in the current article compared with previous editions of this article1,4-8 to provide further distinction between the total current graduates and graduates from previous years who took part in each year's American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”).
 Class of 2006 total of 2814 graduates does not include 72 graduates from previous years. Class of 2007 total of 3103 graduates does not include 70 graduates from previous years. A total of 2886 graduates and previous graduates participated in the 2006 AOA Match, and a total of 3175 graduates and previous graduates participated in the 2007 AOA Match.
 Total graduates matched and matched with first choice during both the 2006 and 2007 AOA Match do not include military Match participants or data from the post-Match scramble. However, these data do include graduates from previous years. Percentages cannot be calculated because data for previous graduates by each college of osteopathic medicine (COM) are not available.
 §Of 2886 graduates and previous graduates that participated in the 2006 Match, 329 (11%) matched to AOA internships as a result of the post-Match scramble, bringing the total of graduates matched to AOA programs to 1525 (53%). In 2007, the post-Match scramble brought an additional 396 (12%) of 3175 graduates and previous graduates to AOA programs, bringing the 2007 total to 1663 (52%).
Table 1
AOA Registration Program: Intern Match Participants Matched to First Choice Osteopathic Medical Internship Positions by COM *



2006 AOA Match


2007 AOA Match
COM
Class of 2006 Graduates, No.
Matched, No.
Matched With First Choice, No.
Class of 2007 Graduates, No.
Matched, No.
Matched With First Choice, No.
DMU-COM20271661895345
KCOM-ATSU 156 60 55 156 51 47
KCUMB-COM21257542267563
LECOM 204 112 92 230 127 103
MSUCOM1139792136113107
MWU/AZCOM 138 34 29 132 28 25
MWU/CCOM16448421815650
NSU-COM 184 73 66 189 81 66
NYCOM25211810030711397
OSU-COM 92 45 42 83 41 36
OU-COM10556541024642
PCOM 245 148 118 239 151 123
PCSOM582723713635
TUCOM-CA 117 30 26 136 43 38
UMDNJ-SOM895547914943
UNECOM 124 41 37 111 34 28
UNTHSC/TCOM11526181262222
VCOM NA NA NA 144 52 48
WesternU/COMP15443341554536
WVSOM 90
55
50
99
51
43
Total28141196§104531031267§1097
 Abbreviations: NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Table data appears differently in the current article compared with previous editions of this article1,4-8 to provide further distinction between the total current graduates and graduates from previous years who took part in each year's American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”).
 Class of 2006 total of 2814 graduates does not include 72 graduates from previous years. Class of 2007 total of 3103 graduates does not include 70 graduates from previous years. A total of 2886 graduates and previous graduates participated in the 2006 AOA Match, and a total of 3175 graduates and previous graduates participated in the 2007 AOA Match.
 Total graduates matched and matched with first choice during both the 2006 and 2007 AOA Match do not include military Match participants or data from the post-Match scramble. However, these data do include graduates from previous years. Percentages cannot be calculated because data for previous graduates by each college of osteopathic medicine (COM) are not available.
 §Of 2886 graduates and previous graduates that participated in the 2006 Match, 329 (11%) matched to AOA internships as a result of the post-Match scramble, bringing the total of graduates matched to AOA programs to 1525 (53%). In 2007, the post-Match scramble brought an additional 396 (12%) of 3175 graduates and previous graduates to AOA programs, bringing the 2007 total to 1663 (52%).
×
Table 2
AOA Intern/Resident Registration Program: Intern Match Summary for the Class of 2006 by COM and Program Type


COM, No. (%)*


COM, No. (%)*

Internship Type
DMU-COM
KCOM-ATSU
KCUMB-COM
LECOM
MSUCOM
MWU/AZCOM
MWU/CCOM
NSU-COM
NYCOM
OSU-COM
Internship Program Type
OU-COM
PCOM
PCSOM
TUCOM-CA
UMDNJ-SOM
UNECOM
UNTHSC/TCOM
VCOM
WesternU/COMP
WVSOM
Total
Anesthesiology2 (3)1 (2)0001 (3)0001 (2)Anesthesiology001 (4)1 (3)000NA007
Diagnostic radiology 1 (1) 0 0 1 (1) 4 (4) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 Diagnostic radiology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA 0 0 7
Emergency medicine3 (4)1 (2)8 (14)5 (4)6 (6)2 (6)1 (2)1 (2)8 (7)6 (13)Emergency medicine3 (5)2 (1)2 (7)2 (7)2 (4)1 (3)2 (8)NA01 (2)56
Family practice 5 (7) 8 (13) 4 (7) 13 (12) 10 (10) 1 (3) 1 (2) 8 (12) 5 (4) 10 (22) Family practice 7 (13) 14 (10) 4 (15) 4 (13) 7 (13) 10 (25) 4 (15) NA 3 (7) 8 (15) 126
Internal medicine7 (10)3 (5)7 (12)8 (7)19 (20)3 (9)3 (6)10 (15)9 (8)5 (11)Internal medicine5 (9)12 (8)3 (11)3 (10)3 (6)1 (3)3 (12)NA6 (14)10 (18)120
Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA 0 1 (2) 1
Obstetrics and gynecology1 (1)4 (7)3 (5)2 (2)5 (5)1 (3)1 (2)1 (2)02 (4)Obstetrics and gynecology2 (4)2 (1)1 (4)1 (3)1 (2)00NA3 (7)2 (4)32
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 3 (4) 1 (2) 4 (7) 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 0 0 2 (2) 0 Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 1 (2) 1 (1) 0 1 (3) 0 0 0 NA 0 0 15
Pediatrics2 (3)2 (3)02 (2)5 (5)2 (6)1 (2)1 (2)7 (6)2 (4)Pediatrics09 (6)1 (4)05 (9)1 (3)0NA01 (2)41
Psychiatry 1 (1) 0 0 0 1 (1) 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 Psychiatry00002 (4)00NA005
Traditional rotating43 (61)38 (63)31 (54)78 (70)45 (47)21 (64)39 (81)43 (66)82 (71)17 (38) Traditional rotating 37 (67) 105 (72) 15 (56) 17 (57) 32 (60) 26 (65) 17 (65) NA 29 (69) 31 (56) 746
Surgery 2 (3) 2 (3) 0 2 (2) 0 2 (6) 1 (2) 0 3 (3) 2 (4) Surgery01 (1)01 (3)1 (2)1 (3)0NA1 (2)019
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NA 0
1 (2)
1
Matched, No. 70 60 57 112 96 33 48 65 116 45 Matched, No. 55 146 27 30 53 40 26 NA 42 55 1176
 Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; COM, college of osteopathic medicine; NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established in Appendix 1 on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Some percentages do not total 100 because of rounding.
 Indicates specialty track internship specialties. Except for traditional rotating internships, all other internship program types listed are special emphasis internship specialties. Pathology, though it is not included in this table, is also a special emphasis internship specialty.
 A total of 1176 graduates in 2006 participated in the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”) and were matched to internships. This total does not include previous graduates, military match participants, or data from the post-Match scramble.
Table 2
AOA Intern/Resident Registration Program: Intern Match Summary for the Class of 2006 by COM and Program Type


COM, No. (%)*


COM, No. (%)*

Internship Type
DMU-COM
KCOM-ATSU
KCUMB-COM
LECOM
MSUCOM
MWU/AZCOM
MWU/CCOM
NSU-COM
NYCOM
OSU-COM
Internship Program Type
OU-COM
PCOM
PCSOM
TUCOM-CA
UMDNJ-SOM
UNECOM
UNTHSC/TCOM
VCOM
WesternU/COMP
WVSOM
Total
Anesthesiology2 (3)1 (2)0001 (3)0001 (2)Anesthesiology001 (4)1 (3)000NA007
Diagnostic radiology 1 (1) 0 0 1 (1) 4 (4) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 Diagnostic radiology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA 0 0 7
Emergency medicine3 (4)1 (2)8 (14)5 (4)6 (6)2 (6)1 (2)1 (2)8 (7)6 (13)Emergency medicine3 (5)2 (1)2 (7)2 (7)2 (4)1 (3)2 (8)NA01 (2)56
Family practice 5 (7) 8 (13) 4 (7) 13 (12) 10 (10) 1 (3) 1 (2) 8 (12) 5 (4) 10 (22) Family practice 7 (13) 14 (10) 4 (15) 4 (13) 7 (13) 10 (25) 4 (15) NA 3 (7) 8 (15) 126
Internal medicine7 (10)3 (5)7 (12)8 (7)19 (20)3 (9)3 (6)10 (15)9 (8)5 (11)Internal medicine5 (9)12 (8)3 (11)3 (10)3 (6)1 (3)3 (12)NA6 (14)10 (18)120
Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA 0 1 (2) 1
Obstetrics and gynecology1 (1)4 (7)3 (5)2 (2)5 (5)1 (3)1 (2)1 (2)02 (4)Obstetrics and gynecology2 (4)2 (1)1 (4)1 (3)1 (2)00NA3 (7)2 (4)32
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 3 (4) 1 (2) 4 (7) 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 0 0 2 (2) 0 Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 1 (2) 1 (1) 0 1 (3) 0 0 0 NA 0 0 15
Pediatrics2 (3)2 (3)02 (2)5 (5)2 (6)1 (2)1 (2)7 (6)2 (4)Pediatrics09 (6)1 (4)05 (9)1 (3)0NA01 (2)41
Psychiatry 1 (1) 0 0 0 1 (1) 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 Psychiatry00002 (4)00NA005
Traditional rotating43 (61)38 (63)31 (54)78 (70)45 (47)21 (64)39 (81)43 (66)82 (71)17 (38) Traditional rotating 37 (67) 105 (72) 15 (56) 17 (57) 32 (60) 26 (65) 17 (65) NA 29 (69) 31 (56) 746
Surgery 2 (3) 2 (3) 0 2 (2) 0 2 (6) 1 (2) 0 3 (3) 2 (4) Surgery01 (1)01 (3)1 (2)1 (3)0NA1 (2)019
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NA 0
1 (2)
1
Matched, No. 70 60 57 112 96 33 48 65 116 45 Matched, No. 55 146 27 30 53 40 26 NA 42 55 1176
 Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; COM, college of osteopathic medicine; NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established in Appendix 1 on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Some percentages do not total 100 because of rounding.
 Indicates specialty track internship specialties. Except for traditional rotating internships, all other internship program types listed are special emphasis internship specialties. Pathology, though it is not included in this table, is also a special emphasis internship specialty.
 A total of 1176 graduates in 2006 participated in the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”) and were matched to internships. This total does not include previous graduates, military match participants, or data from the post-Match scramble.
×
Table 3
AOA Intern/Resident Registration Program: Intern Match Summary for the Class of 2007 by COM and Program Type


COM, No. (%)*


COM, No. (%)*

Internship Type
DMU-COM
KCOM-ATSU
KCUMB-COM
LECOM
MSUCOM
MWU/AZCOM
MWU/CCOM
NSU-COM
NYCOM
OSU-COM
Internship Program Type
OU-COM
PCOM
PCSOM
TUCOM-CA
UMDNJ-SOM
UNECOM
UNTHSC/TCOM
VCOM
WesternU/COMP
WVSOM
Total
Anesthesiology02 (4)1 (1)01 (1)00001 (2)Anesthesiology001 (3)001 (3)0001 (2)8
Diagnostic radiology 1 (2) 1 (2) 0 0 1 (1) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 Diagnostic radiology 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (5) 0 2 (5) 0 7
Emergency medicine4 (8)4 (8)11 (15)5 (4)6 (5)2 (8)3 (5)2 (3)16 (14)6 (15)Emergency medicine4 (9)3 (2)01 (2)1 (2)002 (4)2 (5)1 (2)73
Family practice 3 (6) 6 (12) 4 (5) 16 (13) 14 (12) 4 (15) 2 (4) 4 (5) 14 (13) 10 (24) Family practice 7 (15) 9 (6) 4 (11) 4 (9) 7 (14) 3 (9) 6 (27) 6 (12) 2 (5) 5 (10) 130
Internal medicine5 (10)7 (14)12 (16)17 (13)23 (20)3 (12)4 (7)16 (20)1 (1)5 (12)Internal medicine4 (9)27 (18)2 (6)10 (23)9 (18)2 (6)3 (14)6 (12)4 (10)7 (14)167
Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 3
Obstetrics and gynecology3 (6)3 (6)2 (3)2 (2)12 (11)006 (8)6 (5)1 (2)Obstetrics and gynecology3 (7)2 (1)00001 (5)2 (4)5 (12)1 (2)49
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 4 (8) 1 (2) 1 (1) 0 3 (3) 0 1 (2) 0 0 1 (2) Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 0 2 (1) 2 (6) 0 0 0 1 (5) 0 0 0 16
Pediatrics2 (4)2 (4)1 (1)07 (6)001 (1)6 (5)3 (7)Pediatrics3 (7)4 (3)2 (6)01 (2)0001 (2)1 (2)34
Psychiatry 0 0 0 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 Psychiatry 0 0 1 (3) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 4
Traditional rotating26 (51)21 (42)42 (56)84 (67)44 (39)17 (65)43 (78)48 (60)66 (59)12 (29)Traditional rotating25 (54)102 (68)22 (61)25 (58)30 (61)27 (82)10 (45)35 (67)22 (54)33 (66)734
Surgery 3 (6) 2 (4) 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 1 (2) 3 (4) 2 (2) 2 (5) Surgery 0 0 2 (6) 3 (7) 0 0 0 0 3 (7) 0 24
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 (2)
1
Matched, No. 51 50 75 126 113 26 55 80 111 41 Matched, No. 46 150 36 43 49 33 22 52 41 50 1250
 Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; COM, college of osteopathic medicine; NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established in Appendix 1 on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Some percentages do not total 100 because of rounding.
 Indicates specialty track internship specialties. Except for traditional rotating internships, all other internship program types listed are special emphasis internship specialties. Pathology, though it is not included in this table, is also a special emphasis internship specialty.
 A total of 1250 graduates in 2007 participated in the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”) and were matched to internships. This total does not include previous graduates, military match participants, or data from the post-Match scramble.
Table 3
AOA Intern/Resident Registration Program: Intern Match Summary for the Class of 2007 by COM and Program Type


COM, No. (%)*


COM, No. (%)*

Internship Type
DMU-COM
KCOM-ATSU
KCUMB-COM
LECOM
MSUCOM
MWU/AZCOM
MWU/CCOM
NSU-COM
NYCOM
OSU-COM
Internship Program Type
OU-COM
PCOM
PCSOM
TUCOM-CA
UMDNJ-SOM
UNECOM
UNTHSC/TCOM
VCOM
WesternU/COMP
WVSOM
Total
Anesthesiology02 (4)1 (1)01 (1)00001 (2)Anesthesiology001 (3)001 (3)0001 (2)8
Diagnostic radiology 1 (2) 1 (2) 0 0 1 (1) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 Diagnostic radiology 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (5) 0 2 (5) 0 7
Emergency medicine4 (8)4 (8)11 (15)5 (4)6 (5)2 (8)3 (5)2 (3)16 (14)6 (15)Emergency medicine4 (9)3 (2)01 (2)1 (2)002 (4)2 (5)1 (2)73
Family practice 3 (6) 6 (12) 4 (5) 16 (13) 14 (12) 4 (15) 2 (4) 4 (5) 14 (13) 10 (24) Family practice 7 (15) 9 (6) 4 (11) 4 (9) 7 (14) 3 (9) 6 (27) 6 (12) 2 (5) 5 (10) 130
Internal medicine5 (10)7 (14)12 (16)17 (13)23 (20)3 (12)4 (7)16 (20)1 (1)5 (12)Internal medicine4 (9)27 (18)2 (6)10 (23)9 (18)2 (6)3 (14)6 (12)4 (10)7 (14)167
Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Internal medicine (Pediatrics) 0 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 1 (2) 0 0 3
Obstetrics and gynecology3 (6)3 (6)2 (3)2 (2)12 (11)006 (8)6 (5)1 (2)Obstetrics and gynecology3 (7)2 (1)00001 (5)2 (4)5 (12)1 (2)49
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 4 (8) 1 (2) 1 (1) 0 3 (3) 0 1 (2) 0 0 1 (2) Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery 0 2 (1) 2 (6) 0 0 0 1 (5) 0 0 0 16
Pediatrics2 (4)2 (4)1 (1)07 (6)001 (1)6 (5)3 (7)Pediatrics3 (7)4 (3)2 (6)01 (2)0001 (2)1 (2)34
Psychiatry 0 0 0 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 Psychiatry 0 0 1 (3) 0 1 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 4
Traditional rotating26 (51)21 (42)42 (56)84 (67)44 (39)17 (65)43 (78)48 (60)66 (59)12 (29)Traditional rotating25 (54)102 (68)22 (61)25 (58)30 (61)27 (82)10 (45)35 (67)22 (54)33 (66)734
Surgery 3 (6) 2 (4) 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 1 (2) 3 (4) 2 (2) 2 (5) Surgery 0 0 2 (6) 3 (7) 0 0 0 0 3 (7) 0 24
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Urological surgery 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 (2)
1
Matched, No. 51 50 75 126 113 26 55 80 111 41 Matched, No. 46 150 36 43 49 33 22 52 41 50 1250
 Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; COM, college of osteopathic medicine; NA, not applicable. The full names of the COMs and branch campuses appear with their abbreviations, locations, and dates established in Appendix 1 on pages 167-169 of this issue of JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
 *Some percentages do not total 100 because of rounding.
 Indicates specialty track internship specialties. Except for traditional rotating internships, all other internship program types listed are special emphasis internship specialties. Pathology, though it is not included in this table, is also a special emphasis internship specialty.
 A total of 1250 graduates in 2007 participated in the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program (ie, the AOA “Match”) and were matched to internships. This total does not include previous graduates, military match participants, or data from the post-Match scramble.
×
Table 5
No. of AOA–Approved Residency Programs and Residents Filling Available Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialty, 2004-2007


2004-2005

2005-2006

2006-2007
Specialty
Programs
Positions
Residents
Programs
Positions
Residents
Programs
Positions
Residents
Anesthesiology117050127357117364
□ Anesthesiology and pain management 2 3 0 2 3 1 2 30 0
Dermatology18955619106661910883
Diagnostic radiology 13 109 74 14 129 100 14 130 105
□ Radiation oncology000000000
□ Radiology (Vascular interventional) 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0
Emergency medicine396403653969240142728472
□ Emergency medicine and internal medicine 13 109 64 12 113 73 12 133 73
Family practice147163255716417265071681743629
□ Family practice and emergency medicine 4 24 12 5 36 14 5 48 21
Geriatrics§520483548354
Internal medicine 63 735 237 74 853 237 79 973 286
□ Cardiac electrophysiologyNANANANANANA130
□ Cardiology 15 86 44 18 108 47 18 113 69
□ Cardiology (Interventional)35151206154
□ Critical care medicine# 3 6 1 4 10 3 5 13 5
□ Endocrinology000241273
□ Gastroenterology 7 24 15 7 24 15 8 28 17
□ Hematology and oncology121251251
□ Infectious diseases 2 8 1 2 8 2 2 8 2
□ Nephrology39461876188
□ Oncology 1 3 0 1 3 0 2 6 0
□ Pulmonary (Critical care)312751765178
□ Pulmonary medicine 1 2 0 2 5 0 3 7 0
□ Rheumatology360362385
Neurology 6 39 25 6 39 20 6 39 20
Neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine**146224218516207223
Obstetrics and gynecology††313201593533616132348153
□ Maternal and fetal medicine 1 3 0 2 6 1 3 9 1
Ophthalmology94230114836125738
Orthopedic surgery 28 316 235 29 341 252 30 350 291
□ Hand surgery‡‡NANANA130130
□ Orthopedic spine surgery‡‡ NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery§§1992681997721910277
Pathology 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
□ Forensic pathology‡‡NANANA110110
Pediatrics 15 162 59 14 154 63 14 154 65
□ Pediatric emergency medicine141000000
□ Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
□ Pediatrics (Internal medicine)2105166166
Physical medicine and rehabilitation medicine 1 9 6 3 28 14 3 28 16
Preventive medicine and public health131130131
□ Preventive medicine (Occupational and environmental) 1 3 0 1 3 0 0 0 0
Proctology120121121
Psychiatry 4 42 19 5 48 24 6 51 36
□ Child psychiatry120120121
Sports medicine∥∥ 13 44 5 14 48 10 13 42 13
Surgery (General)363292174036823439387287
□ General vascular surgery 7 18 1 9 21 5 9 20 4
□ Neurological surgery95238116639128649
□ Plastic and reconstructive surgery 2 9 8 4 14 9 5 18 13
□ Thoracic and cardiovascular surgery¶¶313021102111
□ Urological surgery 5
37
27
7
44
28
7
45
34
Total 569 5217 2422 648 5766 2535 665 6045 2989
 * Data shown for residency programs, positions, and residents is reported by the residency programs to the AOA's Division of Postdoctoral Training through the AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system. Although Match data does not change in a given year, program data does change because the AOA Council on Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training's Program and Trainee Review Committee, which has the sole authority to approve osteopathic medical residency programs and positions, meets quarterly and newly approved residency programs and positions are added to the AOA database at that time. Therefore, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete and will be finalized in the JAOA's 2009 Medical Education issue. Changes made to the data reported for the 2005-2006 academic year follow: (1) The number of AOA-approved residency programs for neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine was originally reported as 22, but has been updated to 21. (2) Similarly, the number of AOA-approved residency program positions for neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine was originally reported as 88, but has been updated to 85. (3) Consequently, the total number of AOA-approved residency programs for the 2005-2006 academic year was originally reported as 649, but has been updated to 648. (4) The total number of residency positions for the 2005-2006 academic year was originally reported as 5769, but has been updated to 5766.Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not applicable.Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown; and AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system, academic year 2006-2007. Data for the 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 academic years have been reported previously in JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.1,4 As noted in the first footnote, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete.
 Emergency medicine includes emergency medical services.
 Family practice includes family practice and osteopathic manipulative medicine as well as family practice and osteopathic manipulative treatment.
 §Geriatrics includes geriatrics and family practice as well as geriatrics and internal medicine.
 Data is also available for interns and residents in their first year on the following specialty tracks: internal medicine (2004-2005, 110; 2005-2006, 106; and 2006-2007, 166), obstetrics and gynecology (2004-2005, 33; 2005-2006, 42; and 2006-2007, 46), otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery (2004-2005, 14; 2005-2006, 19; and 2006-2007, 16), and pediatrics (2004-2005, 34; 2005-2006, 35; and 2006-2007, 46). These numbers are exclusive of residency number. The total number of tracked internships for each academic year noted is as follows: 2004-2005, 191; 2005-2006, 202; and 2006-2007, 274.
 Residency programs were approved by the AOA for cardiac electrophysiology in the 2006-2007 academic year.
 #Critical care medicine includes critical care (surgery).
 **Neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine includes neuromusculoskeletal medicine +1.
 ††Obstetrics and gynecology includes gynecological oncology.
 ‡‡Residency programs were approved by the AOA for hand surgery, orthopedic spine surgery, and forensic pathology in the 2005-2006 academic year.
 §§Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery includes otolaryngology and otolaryngologic allergy.
 ∥∥Sports medicine includes sports medicine and family practice.
 ¶¶Thoracic and cardiovascular surgery includes cardiothoracic surgery.
Table 5
No. of AOA–Approved Residency Programs and Residents Filling Available Positions as Reported by Academic Year and Specialty, 2004-2007


2004-2005

2005-2006

2006-2007
Specialty
Programs
Positions
Residents
Programs
Positions
Residents
Programs
Positions
Residents
Anesthesiology117050127357117364
□ Anesthesiology and pain management 2 3 0 2 3 1 2 30 0
Dermatology18955619106661910883
Diagnostic radiology 13 109 74 14 129 100 14 130 105
□ Radiation oncology000000000
□ Radiology (Vascular interventional) 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0
Emergency medicine396403653969240142728472
□ Emergency medicine and internal medicine 13 109 64 12 113 73 12 133 73
Family practice147163255716417265071681743629
□ Family practice and emergency medicine 4 24 12 5 36 14 5 48 21
Geriatrics§520483548354
Internal medicine 63 735 237 74 853 237 79 973 286
□ Cardiac electrophysiologyNANANANANANA130
□ Cardiology 15 86 44 18 108 47 18 113 69
□ Cardiology (Interventional)35151206154
□ Critical care medicine# 3 6 1 4 10 3 5 13 5
□ Endocrinology000241273
□ Gastroenterology 7 24 15 7 24 15 8 28 17
□ Hematology and oncology121251251
□ Infectious diseases 2 8 1 2 8 2 2 8 2
□ Nephrology39461876188
□ Oncology 1 3 0 1 3 0 2 6 0
□ Pulmonary (Critical care)312751765178
□ Pulmonary medicine 1 2 0 2 5 0 3 7 0
□ Rheumatology360362385
Neurology 6 39 25 6 39 20 6 39 20
Neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine**146224218516207223
Obstetrics and gynecology††313201593533616132348153
□ Maternal and fetal medicine 1 3 0 2 6 1 3 9 1
Ophthalmology94230114836125738
Orthopedic surgery 28 316 235 29 341 252 30 350 291
□ Hand surgery‡‡NANANA130130
□ Orthopedic spine surgery‡‡ NA NA NA 1 2 0 1 2 0
Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery§§1992681997721910277
Pathology 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
□ Forensic pathology‡‡NANANA110110
Pediatrics 15 162 59 14 154 63 14 154 65
□ Pediatric emergency medicine141000000
□ Pediatric radiology 1 3 0 1 3 0 1 3 0
□ Pediatrics (Internal medicine)2105166166
Physical medicine and rehabilitation medicine 1 9 6 3 28 14 3 28 16
Preventive medicine and public health131130131
□ Preventive medicine (Occupational and environmental) 1 3 0 1 3 0 0 0 0
Proctology120121121
Psychiatry 4 42 19 5 48 24 6 51 36
□ Child psychiatry120120121
Sports medicine∥∥ 13 44 5 14 48 10 13 42 13
Surgery (General)363292174036823439387287
□ General vascular surgery 7 18 1 9 21 5 9 20 4
□ Neurological surgery95238116639128649
□ Plastic and reconstructive surgery 2 9 8 4 14 9 5 18 13
□ Thoracic and cardiovascular surgery¶¶313021102111
□ Urological surgery 5
37
27
7
44
28
7
45
34
Total 569 5217 2422 648 5766 2535 665 6045 2989
 * Data shown for residency programs, positions, and residents is reported by the residency programs to the AOA's Division of Postdoctoral Training through the AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system. Although Match data does not change in a given year, program data does change because the AOA Council on Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training's Program and Trainee Review Committee, which has the sole authority to approve osteopathic medical residency programs and positions, meets quarterly and newly approved residency programs and positions are added to the AOA database at that time. Therefore, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete and will be finalized in the JAOA's 2009 Medical Education issue. Changes made to the data reported for the 2005-2006 academic year follow: (1) The number of AOA-approved residency programs for neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine was originally reported as 22, but has been updated to 21. (2) Similarly, the number of AOA-approved residency program positions for neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine was originally reported as 88, but has been updated to 85. (3) Consequently, the total number of AOA-approved residency programs for the 2005-2006 academic year was originally reported as 649, but has been updated to 648. (4) The total number of residency positions for the 2005-2006 academic year was originally reported as 5769, but has been updated to 5766.Abbreviations: AOA, American Osteopathic Association; NA, not applicable.Sources: AOA Intern/Resident Contracts received by the division of postdoctoral training for the academic years shown; and AOA's Trainee Information, Verification, and Registration Audit system, academic year 2006-2007. Data for the 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 academic years have been reported previously in JAOA—The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.1,4 As noted in the first footnote, current data for the 2006-2007 academic year are to be considered incomplete.
 Emergency medicine includes emergency medical services.
 Family practice includes family practice and osteopathic manipulative medicine as well as family practice and osteopathic manipulative treatment.
 §Geriatrics includes geriatrics and family practice as well as geriatrics and internal medicine.
 Data is also available for interns and residents in their first year on the following specialty tracks: internal medicine (2004-2005, 110; 2005-2006, 106; and 2006-2007, 166), obstetrics and gynecology (2004-2005, 33; 2005-2006, 42; and 2006-2007, 46), otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery (2004-2005, 14; 2005-2006, 19; and 2006-2007, 16), and pediatrics (2004-2005, 34; 2005-2006, 35; and 2006-2007, 46). These numbers are exclusive of residency number. The total number of tracked internships for each academic year noted is as follows: 2004-2005, 191; 2005-2006, 202; and 2006-2007, 274.
 Residency programs were approved by the AOA for cardiac electrophysiology in the 2006-2007 academic year.
 #Critical care medicine includes critical care (surgery).
 **Neuromusculoskeletal medicine and osteopathic manual medicine includes neuromusculoskeletal medicine +1.
 ††Obstetrics and gynecology includes gynecological oncology.
 ‡‡Residency programs were approved by the AOA for hand surgery, orthopedic spine surgery, and forensic pathology in the 2005-2006 academic year.
 §§Otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery includes otolaryngology and otolaryngologic allergy.
 ∥∥Sports medicine includes sports medicine and family practice.
 ¶¶Thoracic and cardiovascular surgery includes cardiothoracic surgery.
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