Eland D, Singleton T, Conaster R, Howell J, Pheley A, Karlene M, Robinson J. The "iliacus test": new information for the evaluation of hip extension dysfunction. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2002;102(3):130-142. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.2002.102.3.130.
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This study confirms the clinical value of investigating the "iliacus complex" during evaluations of the low back. A new "iliacus test" isolates this iliacus complex component of limited hip extension. Designed for a single joint, the test isolates motion across the hip joint. Study results include the following: (1) in a comparison with the clinical standard, the Thomas test, data show that the two tests are significantly different in an asymptomatic population between the ages of 18 and 35 years; (2) with the exception of the standard Thomas test, the data show no statistical differences in range of motion when comparing the left side with the right side; (3) examiner-added, end-range pressure for assessment of range of motion when compared with the standard gravity-dependent end range of motion used in the Thomas test yields valuable new information; and (4) data provide a basis for population norms for each test--Thomas and iliacus--in gravity-dependent and examiner-produced tissue-feel end ranges.
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